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Full text of "Transactions of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society"

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LIBRARY 

OF THE 

MASSACHUSETTS 

HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

BOSTON 



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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

Federally funded with LSTA funds through the Massachusetts Board of Library Commissioners 



http://archive.org/details/transactionsofma1935mass 



1935 



YEAR BOOK 



OF THE 



MASSACHUSETTS 
HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 




WITH THE 

ANNUAL REPORTS 
FOR 1934 






CU rf 3 



Foreword 



The Committee on Lectures and Publications has 
the honor to present herewith the twelfth number of 
the Society's Year Book, with which is combined the 
annual reports for the year 1934. 

Howard Coonley, Chairman. 
Boston, Mass. 
May 10, 1935. 



Table of Contents 

Foreword 3 

List of Illustrations 7 

Officers for 1935 9 

Committees for 1935 11 

Medals and Certificates Awarded in 1934 13 

Special Medals Awarded in 1934 21 

Captain F. Kingdon Ward 22 

George Robert White Medal of Honor 24 

Exhibitions in 1935 26 

Garden Clubs Not Members of Massachusetts Federation 27 

Awards to Estates and Gardens 30 

Trade Catalogues in the Library 42 

Graphs to Show the Library's Growth 44 

Library Accessions ' 47 

Periodicals Received in 1934 ............ 55 

Gifts to the Library 61 

Necrology 64 

Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission ... 65 

Annual Meeting, 1935 69 

The President's Address 69 

Report of the Secretary 72 

Report of the Treasurer 80 

Report of the Library Committee 90 

Report of the Committee on Lectures and Publications 93 

Report of the Committee on Exhibitions 96 

Report of the Committee on Prizes 100 

Report of the Committee on the Exhibition of the 

Products of Children's Gardens 102 

Result of the Balloting 103 

Honorary Member 105 

Corresponding Members 105 

New Members Added in 1934 108 



List of Illustrations 

Mr. William Dexter, Trustee 10 

Mr. Winthrop L. Carter, Trustee 12 

Chrysanthemum exhibit of the Gardner Museum at the Autumn 

show in 1934 17 

Captain F. Kingdon Ward • 21 

Mr. William Kleinheinz 23 

Mr. H. Harold Hume 23 

Approach to the estate of Mr. Grenville L. Winthrop 32 

View across the lawns on the Winthrop estate 33 

Rock garden on the Winthrop estate 34 

Entrance to the enclosed garden of Mrs. Galen L. Stone .... 35 

View of the gardens of Mrs. Galen L. Stone 36 

Rose garden on the estate of Jere A. Downs 37 

Rose garden of Mrs. Francis B. Crowninshield 38 

Hornbeam hedge of Mrs. Stephen Van Renssaeler Crosby ... 39 

Serpentine wall surrounding the garden of Dr. and Mrs. Amos I. 

Hadley . 40 

Garden of Mr. and Mrs. George B. Baker 41 

The New Horatio Hollis Hunnewell medal 66 

Sweet pea exhibit by Mrs. Moses Taylor 68 

Exhibit of the Herb Society of America 71 

Exhibit of Mrs. Theodore Brown 73 

Japanese azalea exhibit of Mr. and Mrs. John S. Ames .... 75 

Cymbidium Beatrice exhibited by Mr. Jere A. Downs 78 

Governors' Garden at the Spring flower show, 1935 82 

Naturalistic orchid exhibit of Mrs. Albert C. Burrage 89 

Calla lily exhibit of James Wheeler & Son 92 

Exhibit of the New England Wild Flower Preservation Society 

and the Massachusetts Audubon Society 95 

Exhibit of Towpath Gardens 98 

Exhibit of Mr. Will C. Curtis . . . 101 

Exhibit of H. J. Borowski & Sons 104 



THE BOARD OF GOVERNMENT 
OF THE 

MASSACHUSETTS 
HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



President 
EDWIN S. WEBSTER 

Vice-Presidents 

Oakes Ames 
Walter Hunnewell 



Trustees 



John S. Ames 
Oakes Ames 
Francis H. Appleton 
George Butterworth 
Winthrop Carter 
Miss Marian R. Case 
♦Joseph E. Chandler 
Mrs. S. V. R. Crosby 
Ernest B. Dane 
William Dexter 
Jere A. Downs 



William Ellery 
William C. Endicott 
Mrs. Homer Gage 
Samuel J. Goddard 
Walter Hunnewell 
Harlan P. Kelsey 
Nathaniel T. Kidder 
Harold S. Ross 
Robert G. Stone 
Mrs. Bayard Thayer 
Edwin S. Webster 



Treasurer 
John S. Ames 



Secretary 

Edward I. Farrington 




Mr. William Dexter 
Elected a Trustee at the Annual Meeting, May 7, 1934 



COMMITTEES APPOINTED MAY 6, 1935 



Executive Committee 

EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman 
OAKES AMES MRS. HOMER GAGE 

JOHN S. AMES WALTER HUNNEWELL 

Finance Committee 

EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman 
JOHN S. AMES ERNEST B. DANE 

Membership Committee 

WALTER HUNNEWELL, Chairman 
ROBERT G. STONE WILLIAM DEXTER 

Committee on Exhibitions 

HAROLD S. ROSS, Chairman 
HAROLD HILL BLOSSOM MRS. ROGER S. WARNER 

JOHN S. DOIG DONALD D. WYMAN 

WILLIAM ELLERY FRANCIS WHEELER 

WILFRID WHEELER 

Committee on Prizes 

WILLIAM ELLERY, Chairman 
GEORGE W. BUTTERWORTH HARLAN P. KELSEY 

WALTER HUNNEWELL JAMES METHVEN 

FLETCHER STEELE 

Committee on Library 

NATHANIEL T. KIDDER, Chairman 
JOHN S. AMES MRS. BAYARD THAYER 

Committee on Lectures and Publications 

WINTHROP L. CARTER, Chairman 
ROBERT G. STONE JERE A. DOWNS 

Committee on Special Medals 

OAKES AMES, Chairman 
SAMUEL J. GODDARD WILLIAM ELLERY 

HARLAN P. KELSEY HAROLD S. ROSS 

Committee on Gardens 

MRS. BAYARD THAYER, Chairman 
MRS. ALBERT 0. BURRAGE, JR. MRS. F. B. CROWNINSHIELD 

JOSEPH E. CHANDLER WILLIAM C. ENDICOTT 

MRS. S. V. R. CROSBY 

Committee on Building 

JOSEPH E. CHANDLER, Chairman 
JOHN S. AMES SAMUEL J. GODDARD 

Committee on Children's Gardens Exhibitions 

MISS MARIAN ROBY CASE, Chairman 
DANIEL W. O'BRIEN THOMAS P. DOOLEY 

Committee on the Albert C. Burrage Gold Vase 

WALTER HUNNEWELL, Chairman 
ALBERT C. BURRAGE, JR. ROBERT H. ROLAND 

WILLIAM ELLERY HAROLD S. ROSS 




Mr. Winthrop L. Carter 
Elected a Trustee at the Annual Meeting, May 6, 1935 



Medals and Certificates Awarded 

in 1934 

The Albert C. Burrage Gold Vase 

Gardner Museum, for a modernistic arrangement of chrysanthemums. 

George Robert White Medal of Honor 

Captain F. Kingdon Ward, British plant collector and explorer, for 
eminent service in horticulture. 

Thomas Roland Medal 
William Kleinheinz, for skill in horticulture. 

Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal 

H. Harold Hume, for the hybridization and propagation of azaleas 
and citrous fruits.' 

President's Cup 

Thomas Roland, Inc., for a group of cypripediums. 

H. H. Hunnewell Medal 

Grenville Lindall Winthrop, for his estate at Lenox. 

Gold Medal of the Horticultural Society of New York 

Tow Path Gardens, Inc., for an old New England farmhouse with 
proper planting at the Spring show. 

Gold Medal of The Pennsylvania Horticultural Society 
Jere A. Downs, for a group of cymbidiums. 

Silver Medal of the American Peony Society 

Cherry Hill Nurseries, for peony L'Etincelante (best peony in the 
exhibition). 

Large Gold Medal 
Mrs. Galen Stone, for her estate in Marion. 

Gold Medals 
H. J. Borowski & Sons, for a wild garden. 
Breck's, for a display of daffodils. 
Mrs. F. F. Brewster, for a tulip border. 
Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for a group of orchids. 
Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for a group of orchids (certificate). 
Butterworth's, for a group of cymbidiums (certificate). 
Butterworth's, for a group of orchids. 
Cherry Hill Nurseries, for a foundation planting. 
Mrs. W. Redmond Cross, for a garden arrangement (at the Autumn 
show in New York). 

13 



14 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Will C. Curtis, for a naturalistic planting of hardy ferns (certificate). 

Will C. Curtis, for a wild garden. 

Mrs. Harold G. Cutler, for statuary with suitable planting. 

Jere A. Downs, for a group of cymbidiums. 

Jere A. Downs, for his rose garden at Winchester. 

Fraser's Flowers, for a penthouse garden. 

Mrs. Homer Gage, for a tulip border. 

Gardner Museum, for a modernistic arrangement of chrysanthemums. 

Ormond Hamilton, for a naturalistic planting of hardy ferns. 

Ormond Hamilton, for a wild garden (certificate). 

Massachusetts Audubon Society, for a corner of a bird sanctuary. 

A. N. Pierson, Inc., for a group of cypripediums. 

Thomas Roland, Inc., for a group of acacias. 

Thomas Roland, Inc., for a group of cypripediums (certificate). 

John Scheepers, for a display of daffodils. 

Mrs. Moses Taylor, for a display of chrysanthemums (certificate). 

Mrs. Moses Taylor, for a display of sweet peas. 

Mrs. M. M. Van Beuren, for a display of hardy perennials (certificate) . 

Mrs. M. M. Van Beuren, for a group of chrysanthemums (certificate) . 

Mrs. M. M. Van Beuren, for a group of Elliot's callas. 

W. T. Walke & Sons, for a group of amaryllis. 

Edwin S. Webster, for a group of chrysanthemums (certificate). 

Edwin S. Webster, for a group of orchids. 

Wilfrid Wheeler, for a display of outdoor melons. 

Silver Medals 

Albamont Gardens, for a display of tuberous-rooted begonias (certifi- 
cate). 

Albamont Gardens, for Omithogalum lacteum aureum. 

Associated Fruit Growers, for a display of fruit. 

Beatrice Gardens, for a display of dahlias and gladioli. 

Belmont Gardens, for a display of gardenias. 

Breck's, for an effective trade exhibit. 

W. Atlee Burpee Company, for an effective trade exhibit (certificate). 

W. Atlee Burpee Company, for double hybrid nasturtiums. 

Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for a collection of dendrobiums. 

Mrs. Albert C. Burrage, for new and rare specimen orchid plants (cer- 
tificate). 

Butler & Ullman, for a display of gardenias. 

Butterworth's, for a group of orchids. 

F. I. Carter & Sons, for a terrarium. 

William N. Craig, for a collection of lilies (certificate). 

William N. Craig, for a display of rock garden plants and perennials. 

Mrs. F. B. Crowninshield, for her rose garden at Marblehead. 

Mrs. F. B. Crowninshield, for a group of chrysanthemums. 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1934 15 

Will C. Curtis, for a fern exhibit. 

Will C. Curtis, for cut branches of ornamental trees and shrubs in fruit 

(certificate). 
Dolansky, Florist, for a group of chrysanthemums. 
T. F. Donahue, for a display of irises and peonies. 
Jere A. Downs, for begonia Exquisite. 
Jere A. Downs, for begonia White Rosalind (certificate) . 
Essex County Agricultural School, for a display of new fruits. 
Fredna Shop, for a terrarium. 

George Peabody Gardner, Jr., for a group of cyclamen. 
Gardner Museum, for a display of cyclamen (certificate). 
Gardner Museum, for a group of cyclamen. 
Gardner Museum, for Winter-flowering begonias (certificate) . 
Greenland Gardens, for long-spurred columbine. 
Hingham Garden Club, for an Autumn scene. 
F. W. Hunnewell, for Ccelogyne cristata. 
Jamaica Plain High School, for a display of fruits and vegetables 

(certificate). 
Jamaica Plain High School, for a miniature garden. 
Mrs. Ellerton James, for a display of fruits. 
Charles Lamprey, for an exhibit of succulent plants growing on tufa 

rock. 
Everett Mann, 'for cinerarias. 

Massachusetts Girl Scouts, Inc., for an herb garden and drying house. 
Newburyport Garden Club, for Boston Herald 1934 Garden Contest. 
Pompeian Garden Furniture Company, for an effective trade exhibit. 
Thomas E. Proctor, for begonia Purity. 
Thomas Roland, Inc., for a group of cypripediums. 
Harold Ryan, Inc., for a group of strelitzias and miscellaneous flower- 
ing and foliage plants. 
Mrs. J. Montgomery Sears, for a display of Solandra grandiflora. 
Mrs. Eugenia Shorrock, for an aquarium. 
Mrs. Pierpont L. Stackpole, for her garden at Manchester. 
Success Dahlia Gardens, for dahlia Margaret E. Broomall (best dahlia 

in the show). 
Ruth L. Torrey, for a miniature estate. 
Frederick Tudor, for an aquarium. 
Edwin S. Webster, for a display of cinerarias and miscellaneous 

flowering plants. 
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of cypripediums (certificate) . 
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of epidendrums (certificate) . 
Stewart R. Weston, for viola York Gem. 
Worcester North High School, first team, for interscholastic judging, 

junior contest. 



16 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Charles Young, for a display of apple varieties. 
Charles Young, for a display of apples (certificate). 

Bronze Medals 

Breck's, for an exhibit of pansies. 

Breck's, for scabiosa-flowered zinnias (certificate). 

Butler & Ullman, for a display of gardenias. 

Frank Edgar Company, for calceolaria hybrids. 

Jamaica Plain High School, for a display of the products of boys' 

projects. 
Edwin Mager, Bristol County Agricultural School, for the highest 

score in the interscholastic judging contest. 
Milton Nurseries, for a group of Helleborus niger. 
Dora E. Winchester, for the highest score for plant identification, 

interscholastic judging contest. 

Bronze Medals for Children's Gardens, Donated by 

Miss Marian Roby Case, Hillcrest Gardens, 

Weston, Mass. 

Francis C. Anderson, Brighton 
David Barnum, Burlington 
Dominick Barrett, Monson 
Arthur T. Blaney, Dorchester 
Lea Brodeur, Dodgeville 
Loring Brown, Marshfield 
Genoveffa C. Corea, Roslindale 
Curtis Crozier, Pittsfield 
Francis Curtis, Wrentham 
Bernard David, Brockton 
George W. Dick, Allston 
Fontaine Brothers, Marlboro 
Richard Glendon, Winchester 
Edward Jensen, Wilmington 
Edward S. Johnson, East Boston 
Frank Joyner, Cummington 
Charles Martin, Orange 
John McComb, West Springfield 
Maynard F. Moseley, Allston 
Ernest Ortelt, Attleboro 
Arthur B. Pautzsch, Hyde Park 
Lawrence Reagan, Dorchester 
Theodore Saltzman, Roxbury 
Mary Shervanian, Roxbury 
Clarence and Clyde Stone, Brockton 
Francis Sutherland, Chesterfield 










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18 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Esther Usher, Danvers 
William Wilson, Hopkinton 
John T. Wiswell, South Boston 
Frank N. Zinkowsky, Boston 

First Class Certificates 

Carnation E. H. Wilson, exhibited by S. J. Goddard. 
Carnation Greatheart, exhibited by Stephen E. Shaw. 
Cattleya Portia crerulea, exhibited by Mrs. Albert C. Burrage. 
Cypripedium Argo Fairieanum Chardwar var., exhibited by Mrs. 

Albert C. Burrage. 
Rose Better Times, exhibited by Hill Floral Products Company. 

Awards of Merit 

Amarcrinum howardi, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 
Begonia Purity, exhibited by Thomas E. Proctor. 
Begonia White Rosalind, exhibited by Jere A. Downs. 
Brassocattleya Amabalensis, exhibited by Mrs. Albert C. Burrage. 
Buddleia altemifolia, exhibited by William N. Craig. 
Buddleia seedling No. 31, exhibited by Walter H. Golby. 
Carnation E. H. Wilson, exhibited by S. J. Goddard. 
Carnation Nina Brenner, exhibited by Leonard Cousins. 
Cymbidium Nancy Harte, exhibited by Jere A. Downs. 
Cymbidium Thelma magnificum, exhibited by Thomas Roland, Inc. 
Cypripedium Ardiste, exhibited by Thomas Roland, Inc. 
Cypripedium Gold Mohur, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 
Cypripedium Renown, exhibited by Thomas Roland, Inc. 
Gladiolus Baby Peggy, exhibited by A. L. Stephen. 
Laeliocattleya Princess Margaret, exhibited by Orchidwood, Inc. 
LEeliocattleya Swallow, exhibited by Mrs. Arthur Curtiss James. 
Marigold Sunbeam, chrysanthemum-flowered, exhibited by Reynolds, 

Florist. 
Pepper Waltham Beauty, exhibited by Massachusetts State College 

Field Station, Waltham. 
Rose Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, exhibited by Traendly & Schenck. 
Rose Token, exhibited by the Montgomery Company, Inc. 

Votes of Commendation 

Begonia Mrs. Galen L. Stone, exhibited by Mrs. Galen L. Stone. 
Camellia Mrs. Bayard Thayer, exhibited by Mrs. Bayard Thayer. 
Camellia Mrs. Robert Bacon, exhibited by Mrs. Bayard Thayer. 
Camellia Sweet Sunshine, exhibited by Mrs. Bayard Thayer. 
Camellia Mrs. William Dexter, exhibited by Mrs. Bayard Thayer. 
Carnation Eleanor, exhibited by Jewett City Greenhouses. 
Carnation Ocean Spray, exhibited by William Sim Carnation Co. 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1934 19 

Cattleya Cornelia seedling, exhibited by Mrs. Albert C. Burrage. 

Cattleya M. C. Dolansky, exhibited by Frank J. Dolansky. 

Cherry Seneca, exhibited by Henry L. F. Naber. 

Marigold Sunbeam, exhibited by Reynolds, Florist. 

Mentha rotundifolia (Apple Mint), exhibited by Robert H. Roland. 

Nasturtium Scarlet Gleam, exhibited by Badger Seeds, Ltd. 

Pansies, Century of Progress strain, exhibited by Breck's. 

Peony Chestnut Hill, exhibited by T. F. Donahue. 

Peony Commander Byrd, exhibited by T. F. Donahue. 

Strawberry Leonard's Supreme, exhibited by Walter H. Leonard. 

Tigerlily, branching, exhibited by Joseph Egert. 

Watermelon Wonder Melon, exhibited by Wilfrid Wheeler. 

Cultural Certificates 

Leonard Cousins, for carnation Nina Brenner. 

P. and W. 0. Jahn,' for carnation Break-o-Day. 

Mrs. Arthur Curtiss James, for leelio cattleya Harriet James. 

Jere A. Downs, for cymbidium Ceres. 

Arthur Keown, for apples. 

J. J. LaMontagne, for ornamental gourds. 

Littlefield Wyman Nurseries, for carnation Orchid Beauty. 

W. R. Nicholson, for yellow snapdragons. 

Wilfrid Wheeler, for outdoor melons. 

Votes of Thanks 

L. Sherman Adams, for an exhibit of stocks. 

Albamont Gardens, for an exhibit of primula Portland Beauty. 

Arnold Arboretum, for a collection of flowering shrubs. 

Arnold Arboretum, for a display of pines and cones. 

Baur-Steinkamp & Co., for a collection of seedling chrysanthemums. 

Mrs. J. C. Benz, for an exhibit of anemone chrysanthemums. 

Blue Hill Nurseries, for a collection of phlox. 

Breck's, for an exhibit of zinnias. 

Cherry Hill Nurseries, for a display of phlox. 

William Edwin Clark, for a display of gladioli, South African species 

and New England originations. 
Mrs. John G. Coolidge, for a standard streptosolens. 
Corliss Brothers, for a basket of hardy chrysanthemums. 
Corliss Brothers, for an exhibit of Delphinium belladonna. 
Mrs. Frank A. Day, for an exhibit of clivias. 
V. R. DePetris, for chrysanthemum Bronze Giant. 
V. R. DePetris, for chrysanthemum Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt. 
V. R. DePetris, for chrysanthemum Spanish Gold. 
V. R. DePetris, for chrysanthemum Tagoya. 
Frank J. Dolansky, for Cattleya peetersi. 



20 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Edgell Road Gardens, for tufa rock. 

Joseph Egert, for the hardy everhlooming carnation Mrs. Bryan 

Lathrop. 
Farragut School, for a collection of terrariums. 
G. Edgar Folk, for a display of marigolds. 
Harriet Fox, for an exhibit of pussywillows. 
Mary Gill, for a model house and garden. 
Salvatore Janerico, for a vase of Snow on the Mountain. 
Salvatore Janerico, for a vase of Cockscomb. 
Roderick MacKinnon, for an exhibit of calendulas. 
E. L. Marshall, for cucumber Improved Long Green. 
Massachusetts State College, for a display of the lily family. 
Mrs. M. J. Merrill, for Chautauqua gooseberries. 
Harry Mosher, for an exhibit of pussywillows. 
Cornelia C. Parker, for a model garden. 

Perkins Institution for the Blind, for a display of vegetables in a box. 
Perkins Institution for the Blind, for a vase of Vitex macraphylla. 
Heinrich Rohrbach, for a new hybrid chrysanthemum. 
Harold S. Ross, for salvia Weywyn and Salvia farinacea Blue Bedder. 
Mrs. Hermine Schulz, for a window box. 
George N. Smith, for a collection of peonies. 
George A. Sweetzer, for a display. of violas. 
Theodor C. Thomson, for a rock garden on a table. 
Townsend Floral Company, for seedling snapdragons. 
Mrs. Bancroft Winsor, for a vase of peonies. 

Blue Ribbon Garden Certificates 

Mrs. Gaspar G. Bacon, for a garden at Jamaica Plain. 

Mr. and Mrs. George B. Baker, for a garden at Chestnut Hill. 

Mrs. Charles Sumner Bird, Jr., for a tree-bordered driveway at 

Ipswich. 
Mrs. Stephen Van Renssaeler Crosby, for a hornbeam hedge at 

Manchester. 
Dr. and Mrs. Amos I. Hadley, for a garden at Wayland. 



Special Medal Awards 

The following special medal awards were made by the 
Trustees in 1934 : 

The George Kobert White Medal of Honor, given for the 
advancement of horticulture in its broadest sense. Awarded to 
Captain F. Kingdon Ward, British plant hunter and explorer, 
who has penetrated to the distant parts of China and other 
countries, who has introduced many new plants and who has 
written several notable books. 

The Thomas Roland Medal, given for skill in horticulture. 




Captain F. Kingdon Ward 



Awarded to William Kleinheinz of Elkins Park, Pa., super- 
intendent for Mr. Joseph Widener. Mr. Kleinheinz is an expert 
gardener and the exhibit of acacias from the Widener green- 
houses set up by him is always one of the principal features at 
the Spring flower show in Philadelphia. 

The Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal, designed to encourage 

21 



22 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

the science and practice of the hybridization and propagation 
of hardy woody plants. Awarded to Mr. H. Harold Hume of 
Gainesville, Fla., who has done much important work in the 
hybridization and propagation of azaleas and citrous fruits and 
who has written extensively about these plants. 

Professor Oakes Ames was chairman of the committee recom- 
mending these awards, the other members of the committee 
being Samuel J. Goddard, Harlan P. Kelsey, William Ellery, 
and Harold S. Ross. 



Captain F. Kingdon Ward 

It is not possible to state how many plants have been intro- 
duced by Captain F. Kingdon Ward, who was awarded the 
George Robert White Medal of Honor, but the number is very 
large. His discoveries of rhododendrons and primulas are espe- 
cially noteworthy. For his plant hunting explorations he re- 
ceived the highest award of the Royal Horticultural Society, 
the Victoria Medal of Honor in Horticulture, in 1932. In 
addition, the Royal Geographical Society awarded him their 
Founders' Medal in 1930 for his geographical explorations 
and his work on botanical distribution in southwest China and 
southeast Tibet. 

Captain Ward has explored vast expanses of practically un- 
traveled country. The horticultural world has learned much 
of his experiences through his many publications, magazine 
articles and lectures. Some of his important books are "From 
China to Hkamti Long," "Plant Hunting in the Wilds," "Plant 
Hunting on the Edge of the World," "Rhododendrons for 
Everyone," and the "Romance of Plant Hunting." 



SPECIAL MUDAL AWARDS 



23 



Mr. William Kleinheinz 

of Elkins Park, Pa. 

who was awarded the 

Thomas Roland Medal 

in 1934 





Mr. H. Harold Hume 

of Gainesville, Fla. 

who was awarded the 

Jackson Dawson 

Memorial Medal 

in 1934 



George Robert White Medal 
of Honor 

America's Highest Horticultural Award 

George Robert White of Boston presented to the Massachu- 
setts Horticultural Society in 1909 a fund, now amounting to 
$10,000, the income to provide annually for a substantial gold 
medal to be awarded by the Trustees of the Society to the man 
or woman, commercial firm or institution in the United States 
or other countries that has done the most in recent years to 
advance interest in horticulture in its broadest sense. The 
medal, designed by John Flanagan, is of coin gold and weighs 
eight and a half ounces. It has been awarded each year since 
its establishment to the following persons : 

1909 Professor Charles S. Sargent, Director of the Arnold Arboretum, 

Jamaica Plain, Mass. 

1910 Jackson Thornton Dawson, plantsman of the Arnold Arboretum. 

1911 Victor Lemoine, Nancy, France, originator of new varieties of 

flowering garden plants. 

1912 Michael H. Walsh, Woods Hole, Mass., rose specialist. 

1913 Park Commission of Rochester, N. Y., for tasteful landscape 

planting. 

1914 Sir Harry James Veitch, London, England, nurseryman, propa- 

gator of ornamental garden plants. 

1915 Ernest Henry Wilson, Boston, Mass., for botanical and horti- 

cultural work in China and Japan. 

1916 William Robinson, London, England, for educational work in 

horticultural literature. 

1917 Niels Ebbesen Hansen, Brookings, S. D., plant and fruit intro- 

ductions in northwestern states. 

1918 Dr. Walter Van Fleet, Washington, D. C, production of new 

varieties of roses. 

1919 Vilmorin-Andrieux et Cie, Paris France, introduction of new 

varieties of plants and vegetables. 

1920 Georges Forrest of England, introduction of new garden plants 

from China. 

1921 Mrs. Louisa Yeomans King, Alma, Mich., for her work in popu- 

larizing gardening. 

1922 Albert Cameron Burrage, Boston, for advancing the interest in 

horticulture. 

24 



GEORGE ROBERT WHITE MEDAL OF HONOR 25 

1923 John McLaren, San Francisco, Calif., development of horticul- 

ture on the Pacific Coast. 

1924 Joseph Pernet-Ducher, Venissieux-les-Lyons, France, producer 

of valuable new roses. 

1925 Professor Ulysses P. Hedrick, Geneva, N. Y., introduction of 

new fruits. 

1926 Pierre S. duPont, Wilmington, Del., for extending love of flowers, 

establishment of great Winter garden. 

1927 Dr. Liberty Hyde Bailey, Ithaca, N. Y., educator, author and 

editor. 

1928 Colonel William Boyce Thompson, Yonkers, N. Y., plant re- 

search work. 

1929 Miss Gertrude Jekyll, England, amateur gardener and author. 

1930 David Grandison Fairchild, Washington, D. C, seed and plant 

introductions. 

1931 Dr. Frederick V. Coville, Washington, D. C, for horticultural 

research work particularly with blueberries. 

1932 W. A. Manda, South Orange, N. J., for his activity along horti- 

cultural lines, introduction and dissemination of new and 
useful plants, influence for horticultural progress over a wide 
field. 

1933 J. Horace McFarland, for his work in placing horticulture in 

America on a high plane. 

1934 Captain F. Kingdon Ward, British plant collector and explorer, 

for the introduction of new plants and for his books. 



EXHIBITIONS 

IN 1935 

MECHANICS BUILDING 

March 25-30. Spring Exhibition. 

HORTICULTURAL HALL 

June 20 and 21. June Exhibition. 

Thursday, 2 to 9 P.M. 
Friday, 9 A.M. to 9 P.M. 

August 17 and 18. Mid-Summer Exhibition, in co-operation 
with the New England Gladiolus Society. 

Saturday, 2 to 9 P.M. 
Sunday, 1 2 M. to 9 P.M. 

August 29 and 30. Exhibition of the Products of Children's 
Gardens. 

Thursday and Friday, 1 to 6 P.M. 

September 14 and 15. Late Summer Exhibition, in co- 
operation with the New England Dahlia Society. 

Saturday, 2 to 9 P.M. 
Sunday, 1 2 M. to 9 P.M. 

October 15-17. Fruit and Vegetable Exhibition. 

Tuesday, 2 to 9 P.M. 

Wednesday and Thursday, 9 A.M. to 9 P.M. 

November 20-22. Autumn Exhibition. 

Wednesday, 2 to 9 P.M. 

Thursday and Friday, 9 A.M. to 9 P.M. 

26 



Garden Clubs Not Members of 
the Massachusetts Federation 

Ashland Garden Club. 

President, Miss Jennie Cushing, Ashland. 
Secretary, Miss Charlotte Davis, Ashland. 

Attleboro Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. William Hoyle, 104 North Ave., Attleboro. 
Secretary, Mrs. Carl W. Keil, 70 Lindsey St., Attleboro. 

Bernardston Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Raymond L. Dunnell, Bernardston. 
Secretary, Mrs. Arthur Magoon, Bernardston. 

Beverly Improvement Society. 

President, Mrs. Frank E. Merriam, 52 Lothrop St., Beverly. 
Secretary, Mrs. Esther S. Alley, 29 Abbott St., Beverly. 

Chelsea Woman's Club, Garden Club of the. 

Chairman, Mrs. Max E. Stewart, 35 Franklin St., Chelsea. 
Secretary, Mrs. Robert Huddell, 155 Garfield Ave., Chelsea. 

Deerfield Garden Club. 

President, Charles Huntington Smith, Deerfield. 
Secretary, Mrs. Henry C. Wells, Deerfield. 

East Bridgewater Garden Club. 

President, Miss Maud E. Magoun, 274 Central St., E. Bridgewater. 
Secretary, Mrs. Nettie Rollins, 85 N. Central St., E. Bridgewater. 

East Milton Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. Clarence W. Goodridge, 90 Washington St., East 

Milton. 
Secretary, Mrs. Charles B. Hoxie, 61 Washington St., East Milton. 

Easton Garden Club. 

President, Charles I. Wright, Eastondale. 

Secretary, Mrs. John C. Mason, 18 Day St., North Easton. 

Edison Garden Club. 

President, L. E. Maynard, 39 Boylston St., Boston. 
Secretary, Miss Freda A. Shaw, 39 Boylston St., Boston. 

Foxboro Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Ralph Greenleaf, South St., Foxboro. 

Secretary, Mrs. Corodon S. Fuller, 28 Baker St., Foxboro. 
Gloucester Woman's Club Garden Group. 

President, Mrs. Lincoln S. Simonds, 367 Essex Ave., Gloucester. 

Secretary, Mrs. Ellison S. Purington, Western Ave., Gloucester. 

Groveland Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Gertrude MacAloney, Benham St., Groveland. 
Secretary, Mrs. Mary Butler, Benham St., Groveland. 

27 



28 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Hampden Garden Club. 

President, Benjamin F. Libby, R.F.D., East Longmeadow. 
Secretary, Edwin C. Stacy, Hampden. 

Hampshire County Garden Club. 

President, George H. Hawksley, 18 Park St., Florence. 
Secretary, Hobart Whitaker, 23 Cedar St., Northampton. 

Hyde Park Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. William E. Holtham, 3 Dell Terrace, Hyde Park. 
Secretary, Mrs. George W. Sanborn, 900 Metropolitan Ave., Hyde 
Park. 

Ludlow Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Alice L. Hoyt, 1 Winsor St., Ludlow. 
' Secretary, Mrs. Fred J. Cummings, 624 East St., Ludlow. 

Malden, Garden Club of. 

President, Mrs. F. Chester Everett, 35 Felsmere Road, Maiden. 
Secretary, Mrs. Frederick Thompson, 32 Woodland Road, Maiden. 

Marion Garden Lovers' Club. 

President, Miss Louise Handy, Marion. 

Secretary, Mrs. Mary G. Dexter, Converse Road, Marion. 

Monson Garden Club. 

President, Henry Sanderson, Monson. 
Secretary, Mrs. R. H. Thomas, Monson. 

Nahant Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Fred A. Wilson, High St., Nahant. 
Secretary, Mrs. George Dick, 20 Tudor Road, Nahant. 

Needham, The Men's Garden Club of. 
President, Ritchie H. Stevens, 48 Wilshire Park, Needham. 
Secretary, Charles W. Harrison, 868 Great Plain Ave., Needham. 

Newton Highlands, Garden Club of the Woman's Club of. 
President, Mrs. Ernest J. Weaver, 1057 Walnut St., Newton 

Highlands. 
Secretary, Mrs. Emil F. Haberstroh, 99 Bowdoin St., Newton 

Highlands. 

Northampton Woman's Club, Garden Department of the. 
Chairman, Mrs. A. G. Beckmann, 50 Union St., Northampton. 
Secretary, Mrs. R. H. Cook, 75 Washington Ave., Northampton. 

North Attleboro Garden Club. 

President, Harry L. Dixon, Plainville. 

Secretary, Fred C. Paye, Box 769, North Attleboro. 
Pepperell Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. J. Orin Williams, Jr., Pepperell. 

Secretary, Mrs. Franklin Wiley, Box 74, Pepperell. 



GARDEN CLUBS NOT MEMBERS OF MASSACHUSETTS FEDERATION 29 

Pittsfield Garden Club. 

President, Alfred J. Loveless, 49 Easton Ave., Pittsfield. 
• Secretary, Miss Marjorie Barnes, Richmond. 

Rockland Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Arthur Marks, 329 Harvard St., Rockland. 

Secretary, Miss Mary Shaw, 111 East Water St., Rockland. 
Stoneham Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. M. R. Kirkpatrick, 7 Everett St., Stoneham. 

Secretary, Mrs. R. M. Linscott, 357 Williams St., Stoneham. 

Sudbury Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. Paul Whitney Rhoades, Concord Road, So. Sudbury. 
Secretary, Mrs. Herbert J. Atkinson, Elm Tree Farm, Sudbury. 

Taunton Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. Harold C. Nevius, 20 Gen Cobb St., Taunton. 
Secretary, John C. Willis, Taunton. 

Telephone Employees' Garden Club. 
President, Charles W. Anderson, 6 Bowdoin Square, Boston. 
Secretary, Ulderic F. Hurley, 245 State St., Boston. 

Tewksbury Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. George Garland, Tewksbury. 
Secretary, Mrs. William A. Smith, Tewksbury. 

Waban Community Garden Club. 

President, Clifford H. Walker, 711 Chestnut St., Waban. 
Secretary, Mrs. W. J. Freethy, 69 Pontiac Road, Waban. 

Wellesley Men's Garden Club. 
President, Oscar M. Jacobi, 19 Whittier Road, Wellesley Hills. 
Secretary, 1 ^. P. Hooper, 8 Belair Road, Wellesley. 

Westboro Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Herbert West, Milk St., Westboro. 

Secretary, Miss Helen C. Forbes, Ward's Corner, Westboro. 
West Dennis Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Bernard M. Sheridan, 171 East Haverhill St., 
Lawrence. (Summer) West Dennis. 

Secretary, Mrs. A. P. Bennett, West Dennis. 

Whitinsville Woman's Club Garden Group. 

Chairman, Mrs. Robert McKaig, 103 Hill St., Whitinsville. 
Secretary, Mrs. Edward Ballard, Main St., Lin wood. 

Williamstown Garden Club. 
President, Miss Laura E. Dwight, "Hill House," Williamstown. 
Secretary, Mrs. William Howard Doughty, "Elscot," Williamstown. 

Winchendon Garden Club. 
- President, Mrs. Joseph L. Peabody, 258 School St., Winchendon. 
Secretary, Mrs. Florence Whitcomb, 92 Oak St., Winchendon. 



Awards to Estates and Gardens 

At a meeting of the Trustees held October 22, 1934, it was 
voted to make the following awards for estates and gardens : 

The H. H. Hunnewell Gold Medal to Mr. Grenville Lindall Win- 
throp for his estate in Lenox. This estate was given a silver medal in 
1914 and has been kept at a high standard. It is particularly notable 
for its many fine trees and its broad lawns. It has no flower gardens or 
borders but has large plantings of shrubs, various architectural fea- 
tures and a large rock garden which is planted exclusively with shrubby 
material. 

A gold medal to Mrs. Galen L. Stone for her estate in Marion. This 
estate, which borders the ocean, has large, well kept greenhouses sur- 
rounded by gardens given over mostly to annuals but laid out on a 
generous scale and unusually well planned. The estate has many fine 
trees and remarkably well kept spruce hedges. 

A gold medal to Mr. Jere A. Downs for his rose garden in Win- 
chester. This garden, which was designed by John B. Wills, is one of 
the notable rose gardens in New England as regards size, its general 
arrangement and the quality of the plants it contains. 

A silver medal to Mrs. Francis Boardman Crowninshield for her 
rose garden in Marblehead. This garden which has been established 
for a long time has several unique features and is looked down upon 
by several fine old statues. It is well kept and has roses in wide variety 
although largely the old kinds. 

A silver medal to Mrs. Pierpont L. Stackpole for her garden in 
Manchester. This garden has been developed very successfully in a 
semi-formal manner on a high cliff overlooking the Atlantic Ocean. 

A blue ribbon certificate to Mr. and Mrs. George B. Baker for a 
charming little garden at Chestnut Hill. 

A blue ribbon certificate to Mrs. Gaspar G. Bacon for her garden 
in Jamaica Plain. 

A blue ribbon certificate to Dr. and Mrs. Amos I. Hadley for a 
garden in Wayland surrounded by a serpentine wall. 

A blue ribbon certificate to Mrs. Stephen Van Renssaeler Crosby for 
a remarkable hornbeam hedge on her estate in Manchester. 

A blue ribbon certificate to Mrs. Charles Sumner Bird, Jr., for her 
driveway in Ipswich lined with magnificent trees planted by Mrs. 
Bird's father, Mr. Randolph Morgan Appleton. 

These awards were made on recommendation of a committee 
composed of Mrs. Bayard Thayer, chairman, Mrs. Albert C. 
Burrage, Jr., Joseph E. Chandler, Mrs. S. V. R. Crosby, Mrs. 
F. B. Crowninshield, William C. Endicott, and Mrs. Homer 
Gage. 

30 



ESTATES AND GARDENS 

to which 

Awards were made in 1934 

as recommended by the 

COMMITTEE ON GARDENS 




The approach to the estate of Mr. Grenville Lindall Winthrop in 
Lenox, awarded the H. H. Hunnewell Gold Medal in 1934 







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The garden of Mr. and Mrs. George B. Baker of Chestnut Hill, for 
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Trade Catalogues 

A List of Those in the Library of the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society 

Since the 1880's the Library of the Massachusetts Horticul- 
tural Society has made a systematic collection of trade cata- 
logues. The Society's general interests limit the collection to 
dealers in fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants (both 
woody and herbaceous) that will grow in this climate. There 
are now 19,431 items from 2,327 firms. Thirty-one countries 
are represented. Since the centers of horticultural activity have 
for many years been in Belgium, the British Isles, France, 
Germany, Holland, and the United States, these countries make 
up the bulk of the sets. 

The chronological distribution of the file is as follows: 



Sets with earliest item before 1800 

" " " " 1800—1849 

" 1850—1899 

" " " 1900—1928 



foreign 


U.S. 


Total 


4 


1 


; 5 


24 


52 


76 


463 


937 


1,400 


288 


618 


846 



719 1,608 2,327 

The file has a triple appeal, as a collectors' collection, a stu- 
dents' collection, and a buyers' collection. As a collectors' col- 
lection, it naturally focuses interest upon rarities such as the 
five eighteenth century items. The one American in the group 
is only a reproduction, evidently of an advertisement in a 
paper. It is dated "Richmond, January 24, 1793" and states 
that "MINTON COLLINS most respectfully informs the ladies 
and gentlemen of Virginia, that he has just received . . . from 
London, a fresh assortment of the following SEEDS & 
FLOWER ROOTS, which he is now selling for ready money, 
at his seed and flower store (ONLY) . . ." There follows a 
three-column list of seeds and roots of grasses, vegetables and 
flowers by name "& 100 other sorts too tedious to mention." 

Of the European catalogues, the most interesting, as well as 
the oldest, is Robert Edmeades' "The gentleman and lady's 
gardener; containing the modern method of cultivating the 
kitchen and flower-garden, with a general catalogue of seeds, 
plants, and roots, 1776." As the title suggests, it is far more 

42 



TRADE CATALOGUES 43 

than a tradesman's list. In fact, of its 136 pages, a full two- 
thirds are given to cultural directions. Aside from its age, this 
book is in itself a curiosity, for it gives the name of each plant 
according to the Linmean system. Since the Linnaean botany 
had been adopted in England only sixteen years earlier, Ed- 
meades was evidently a progressive person, with a patronage 
drawn from the botanically informed. It would be interesting 
to know how near this catalogue comes to being the first of its 
kind. 

As a students' collection the file provides source material in 
the history of plant introduction, and has proved its value many 
times in the use made of it by authors and research workers. 
We regard as one of our most important services our ability to 
provide an original description, a date of introduction, or a 
series of catalogues covering an interesting period in the career 
of a plant or a nursery. 

As a buyers' collection, the catalogues receive almost con- 
stant use by members of the Society and by the Secretary. 
When publishing in Horticulture articles on new plants, it is 
important to know whether they are available in the market, 
for we are often asked where all sorts of things may be bought. 
The ethical problem of advertising presents no difficulty, for 
we make it a practice in answering such queries to give a list 
of names, rather than a single dealer. 

The classification of the catalogues is very simple. The cur- 
rent year's issues are kept on open shelves in the reading room, 
arranged alphabetically by the name of the dealer or nursery, 
and in two groups, American and foreign. As a key, we depend 
on Manning's "Plant Buyers Index," supplementing it by a 
card file of such items as (when called for) we do not find in 
Manning. When the new issues arrive, the old ones go to the 
pamphlet boxes in the permanent file. Here the sets are ar- 
ranged alphabetically by countries. Current and back numbers 
alike are strictly reference material. 

Dorothy St. J. Manks, Librarian. 



Graphs Show Library's Growth 

The question is sometimes asked "Is the Library used very 
much ?" It is now in its twelfth year as an active loan collection, 
and, as the accompanying charts show, has grown far beyond 
the experimental stage and has, indeed, established itself among 
the major activities of the Society. 

Seasonal fluctuations, after the first tentative years, have 
fallen consistently into one pattern. G-ardeners apparently read 
in the indoor season, so that when planting time arrives many 
visitors disappear and the mails grow lighter. The revival be- 



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gins in September or October, when problems of Fall work 
and next year's bulbs come to the front, and the garden club 
season opens. 

The annual totals, which mount so fast on the final chart, 



44 



GRAPHS SHOWING LIBRARY'S GROWTH 



45 



show the surprising gain of 600 per cent between 1924 and 
1934. Twice we had slight decreases. Those who follow the 
flower shows, however, will recognize 1929 and 1931 as our two 
first seasons at Mechanics Building. In each of those years the 



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absence of the Spring exhibitions from our own building gave 
the use of the Library a set-back from which it took some months 
to recover. 

During the past few years, when depression lias been the 
keynote of so many activities, libraries of all kinds offer the 



46 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Annual Totals 



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paradox of a boom. Economic pressure, more leisure, the need 
either to learn or to escape — various impulses have set more 
people than ever before to reading. There seems to be some 
indication that the pace of this activity is growing slower, as it 
must eventually. Barring actual catastrophe, it should never 
lose entirely the momentum it has acquired. Many readers have 
discovered the Library, and the Library has found new open- 
ings for usefulness. 

Dorothy St. J. Manks, Librarian. 



Library Accessions 

New books added to the Library during the year 1934 include 
the following: 

Aberystwyth, Wales. University college of Wales. Welsh plant 
breeding station. An account of the organization and work of the 
station from its foundation in April 1919 to July 1933. 1933. 

Amherst, A. (Mrs. Evelyn Cecil) Bibliography of works on garden- 
ing (reprinted from her "History of gardening in England" ) 1897. 

Anderson, J. Description of a patent hot house which operates by the 
heat of the sun. 1803. 

Andrews, M. N. Gardens in glass. 1834. 

Armer, L. A. Cactus. 1934. 

Arnold Arboretum. . Catalogue of the library . . . compiled ... by 
E. M. Tucker, volume 3. 1933. 

Artschwager, E. F., comp. Dictionary of biological equivalents, 
German-English. 1930. 

Bailey, L. H. The gardener's handbook. 1934. 

Baretti, G. M. A. New dictionary of the Italian and English languages 
. . . comp. by Davenport and Comelati. 2 vols. 1928 (reprint). 

Bean, E. B., comp. The practical garden notebook. 1934. 

Bean, W. J. Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, volume 3. 
1933. 

Benner, W. M. The flora of Bucks County, Pennsylvania. 1932. 

Bennett, I. D. The busy woman's garden book. 1920. 

Biddle, D. How to arrange flowers. 1934. 

Bigelow, J. A treatise on the materia medica, intended as a sequel to 
the Pharmacopoeia of the United States. 1822. 

Bower, F. 0. Botany of the living plant; 2d ed. 1923. 

Buel, J. The farmer's companion; or, Essays on the principles and 
practice of American husbandry. 1839. 

Buller, A. H. R. Researches on fungi, volume 5. 1933. 

Castelli, P. Exactissima descriptio rariorum quarundam plantarum 
quae continentur Romae in horto Farnesiano : Tobia Aldino auc- 
tore. 1625. 

Cato. Cato the Censor on farming; trans, by Ernest Brehaut. 1933. 

Chadwick, L. C. Studies in plant propagation, the influence of chemi- 
cals, of the medium, and of the position of the basal cut on the 
rooting of evergreen and deciduous cuttings. 1933. 

Chavannes, E. Monographie des antirrhinees. 1833. 

Clapp, R. Woody plants for landscape planting in Maine. 1933. 

Coker, W. C. Trees of the southeastern states. 1934. 

Cole, S. W. The American fruit-book. 1866. 

47 



48 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Collings, G. H. Commercial fertilizers, their sources and use. 1934. 
Complete gardener and florist, containing an account of every vege- 
table production cultivated for the table, with directions for plant- 
ing and raising flowers; 9th ed. 1849. 
Cook, M. T. Ecological survey of the flora of Porto Rico, by M. T. 

Cook and H. A. Gleason. 1928. 
Cooney, L. M., comp. Garden history of Georgia, 1733-1933. 1933. 
Copeland, R. M. Supplement to the fifth edition of Country Life. 

1866. 
Coulter, J. M. Preliminary revision of the North American species 

of echinocactus, cereus, and opuntia. 1896. 
Crowell, J. F. Garden wise and otherwise, a book [of poems] for all 

lovers of gardens. 1934. 
Darnell, A. W. Winter blossoms for the outdoor garden : a descriptive 

list of exotic trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants that flower in . . . 

the British Isles ... in December, January and February. 1926. 
Davidson, H. C. Fruit culture. 1929. 
Davis, V. H. The garden book. 1915. 

DeLaMare, A. T., ed. Garden guide; 6th ed. rev. and enl. 1934. 
Dioscorides. The Greek Herbal of Dioscorides, illus. by a Byzantine 

A.D. 512, Englished by John Goody er 1655, ed. and first printed 

by Robert Gunther. 1934. 
Dix, J. F. C. Dutch bulbs, their history and treatment, by J. F. C. Dix, 

English by T. J. Bakker ; ed. and printed by H. A. van Olpen. 1912. 
Dodoens, R. Stirpium historiae pemptades sex, sive libri XXX, varie 

ab auctore, paullo ante mortem aucti et emendati. 1616. 
Duryea, W. B. A living from the land. 1934. 
Eliot, J. Essays upon field husbandry in New England, and other 

papers 1748-1762, by Jared Eliot, ed. by H. J. Carman and R. G. 

Tugwell, with a biographical sketch by R. H. True. 1934. 
Elliott, F. R. Elliott's fruit book; or, The American fruit-grower's 

guide in orchard and garden. 1854. 
Ely, H. R. Another hardy garden book. 1926 (reissue). 
Ely, H. R. The practical flower garden. 1928 (reissue). 
Fagin, N. B. William Bartram, interpreter of the American landscape. 

1933. 
Farrer, R. Among the hills, a book of joy in high places. 1910. 
Fernald, M. L. Recent discoveries in the Newfoundland flora. 1934. 
Fisher, F. H., ed. The scree garden: experiments and experiences 

among high alpine plants, with an introduction by Sir William 

Lawrence. 1933. 
Fitschen, J., ed. Handbuch der nadelholzkunde, hrsg. von J. Fitschen ; 

3e vollstandig neubearb. aufl. von Beissner's Nadelholzkunde. 1930. 



LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 49 

Forbush, E. H. Birds of Massachusetts and other New England states. 

1925-1929. 3 vols. 
Forsyth, W. Treatise on the culture and management of fruit trees, 

in which a new method of pruning and training is fully described ; 

7th ed. 1824. 
Frye, T. C. Ferns of the Northwest, covering Washington, Oregon, 

Idaho . . . Wyoming, central and northern California. 1934. 
Fuller, A. M. Studies on the flora of Wisconsin, part I. Orchids. 1934. 
Garden club of America. Gardens of colony and state, volume 2. 1934. 
Garden manual, for the cultivation and operations required for the 

kitchen garden, fruit garden, flower garden ... by the editors and 

contributors of the "Cottage gardener" ; 5th ed. 1860 ? 
Garden ; or, Familiar instructions for the laying out and management 

of a flower garden. (Peter Parley's little library no. 8) 1834. 
Gardens and gardening: the Studio gardening annual. 1934. 
Gerard, J. Catalogus arborum, fruticum ac plantarum ... in horto 

Johannis Gerardi nascentium. 1599. 
Gerard, J. Leaves from Gerard's Herball, arranged for garden lovers 

by Marcus Woodward. 1931. 
Gibbs, R. W., comp. Gardening in many climes. 1934. 
Gibbs, R. W., comp. A garland of essays written by members of the 

Richmond Garden Club in the Berkshire Hills, Massachusetts. 

1932. 2 vols. 
Gilmer, G. C. Checklist of southern periodicals to 1861. 1934. 
Greene, D. W. The junior gardener, by D. W. Greene and R. C. 

Goldsmith. 1934. 
Greene, M. L. Among school gardens. 1910. 
Gwynn, S. Claude Monet and his garden. 1934. 
Hale, W. J. The farm chemurgic, farmward the star of destiny lights 

our way. 1934. 
Halligan, C. P. Hardy perennials for landscape planting in Michigan. 

1931. 
Halligan, C. P. Hardy shrubs for landscape planting in Michigan; 

rev. ed. 1932. 
Harrington, H. D. The woody plants of Iowa in winter condition. 

1934. 
Hedrick, U. P. A history of agriculture in the state of New York. 

1933. 
Hibberd, S. Rustic adornments for homes of taste ; new ed., rev., corr., 

andenl. 1870. 
Histoire des plantes de l'Europe et des plus usitees, qui viennent d'Asie, 

d'Afrique et d'Amerique; ou l'on voit leurs figures, leur noms, en 

quel temps elles fleurissent, et le lieu ou elles croissent . . . rangee 

suivant l'ordre du Pinax de G. Bauhin. 1762. 2 vols. 



50 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Hogg, T. Supplement to the practical treatise on the culture of florists' 

flowers. 1833. 
Hole, S. R. A book about the garden and the gardener. 1892. 
Hosmer, J. K., ed. History of the expedition of Captains Lewis and 

Clark, 1804-5-6, reprinted from the ed. of 1814 with introd. ... by 

J. K. Hosmer; 2d ed. 1903. 2 vols. 
Hottes, A. C, ed. Home gardener's dictionary ; rev. ed. 1934. 
Hottes, A. C. Plant propagation, 999 questions answered. 1934. 
House, H. D. Wild flowers. 1934. 
Hoyt, R. S. Planting lists for southern California, a handbook of 

ornamental plants. 1933. 
Hutchinson, J. The families of flowering plants: I. Dicotyledons, 

II. Monocotyledons, arranged according to a new system based on 

their probable phylogeny. 1926-1934. 2 vols. 
Imai, K., ed. Kikkwa Meiji-Sen (a catalogue of select chrysanthe- 
mums) 1891. vol. 1 only. 
Jekyll, F. Gertrude Jekyll, a memoir, with a foreword by Sir Edwin 

Lutyens and an introd. by Agnes Jekyll. 1934. ; 

Jekyll, G. Children and gardens. 1934 (reprint) . 
Jekyll, G. Gardens for small country houses, by Gertrude Jekyll and 

Lawrence Weaver ; 2d ed. rev. and enl. 1913. 
Jelitto, C. R. Der immergrune garten, die anlage, bepflanzung und 

pflege. 1933. 
Josselyn, J. New-Englands rarities, London, 1672; facsimile ed. 1926. 
Kains, M. G. Modern guide to successful gardening. 1934. 
Kendall, W. G. Four score years of sport. 1933. 
Kenrick, W. The new American orchardist ; 7th ed. enl. and improved. 

1844. 
Kerner von Marilaun, A. Die cultur der alpenpflanzen. 1864. 
Kirwan, C. de. Flore f orestiere illustree : arbres et arbustes du centre 

del'Europe. 1782. 
Knyff, I., illus. Britannia illustrata; or, Perspective views of the royal 

palaces, and several of the most noted houses and gardens belonging 

to the nobility and gentry of England, drawn by I. Knyff. 1749. 
Koehn, A. The art of Japanese flower arrangement (ikebana), sen- 

shunan koo (ikenobo), suiinsai taiseki (yo-shin method), a hand- 
book for beginners. 1934. 
La Chesnee Monstereul. Le floriste francois, traittant de Porigine des 

tulipes, de Fordre qu'on doit observer pour les cultiver et planter 

. . . avec un catalogue des noms des tulipes et distinctions de 

leurs couleurs. 1654. 
La Quintinye, J. de. The complete gard'ner . . . abridged by George 

London and Henry Wise, to which is prefixed an address ... by 

J. Evelyn; 7th ed. 1719. 



LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 51 

Laren, A. J. van. Succulents other than cacti; trans, from the Dutch 
by E. J. Labarre; arranged and ed. by S. E. Haselton. 1934. 

Laurie, A. Commercial flower forcing, the fundamentals and their 
practical application to the culture of greenhouse crops, by A. 
Laurie and L. C. Chadwick. 1934. 

Leclerc, H. Le petit jardin (Hortulus) de Walafrid Strabus . . . 
texte latin et traduction franchise precedes d'une etude sur la vie 
et sur les oeuvres poetiques de l'auteur et accompagnes de commen- 
taire. 1933. 

Lievre, A. Les productions horticoles franchises. 1934. 

Lindley, J., ed. Treasury of botany; new and rev. ed. 1889. 2 vols. 

Lloyd, C. G. Flora of Samoa, by C. G. Lloyd and W. H. Aiken. 1934. 

Lloyd, J. U. Drugs and medicines of North America. 1930-1931 (re- 
print). 

Loudon, J. C. Encyclopedia of plants . . . new ed. corrected to the 
present time, ed. by Mrs. Loudon. 1855. 

Loudon, J. C. Greenhouse companion . . . greenhouse and conserva- 
tory practice ... 3d ed. 1832. 

Maedougal, D. T. The green leaf, the major activities of plants in 
sunlight. 1930. 

Maedougal, D. T. The influence of light and darkness on growth and 
development (of plants) 1903. 

Marston, M. A garden by the Avon. 1933. 

Martineau, A. The herbaceous garden ; 4th rev. ed. 1934. 

Mase, G., ed. Book of the tree, an anthology. 1927. 

Mathews, F. S. Familiar flowers of field and garden; 6th ed. 1901. 

Mathews, F. S. Field book of American wild flowers; rev. ed. 1927. 

Maxwell, H. Memories of the months, 2d and 3d series. 1900-1903. 
2 vols. 

Messel, L. A garden flora : trees and flowers grown in the gardens at 
Nymans, 1890-1915. 1918. 

Meyer, J. E. The herbalist. 1934. 

Mohr, C. Plant life of Alabama. 1901. 

Moore, H. J. The culture of flowers, annual, half-hardy biennial and 
half-hardy perennial kinds and foliage plants. 1932. 

Moricand, S. Plantes nouvelles d'Amerique. 1833-1846. 

Nash, E. T. One hundred and one legends of flowers. 1927. 

Natural history of remarkable trees, shrubs, and plants. 1819. 

New York (City) Public Library. Plant forms in ornament (a bibli- 
ography) comp. by M. F. Baldwin. 1933. 

Nichols, B. The thatched roof . 1933. 

Nissen, C. Botanische prachtwerke: die bliitezeit der pflanzen- 
illustration von 1740 bis 1840. 1933. " 



52 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

O'Brien, H. R. The diary of a plain dirt gardener. 1933. 

Ortloff, H. S. New gardens for old : how to remodel the home grounds, 

by H. S. Ortloff and H. B. Raymore. 1934. 
Otero, J. Catalogo de los nombres vulgares y scientificos de algunas 

plantas Puertorriquefias, por J. I. Otero y R. A. Toro. 1931. 
Phillipps, E. M. The gardens of Italy . . . ed. by A. T. Bolton. 1919. 
Phillips, G. A. Aristocrats of the flower border : the finest perennials 

for garden effect. 1934. 
Phillips, J. Cider, a poem, with notes . . . and other illustrations by 

C. Dunster. 1790? 
Phillpotts, E. My shrubs. 1915. 

Phipps, C. R. Blueberry and huckleberry insects. 1930. 
Plath, 0. E. Bumblebees and their ways. 1934. 
Ponsort, baron de. Monographic du genre oeillet, et principalement 

de l'oeillet flamand (with Appendice a la monographic) ; 2d ed. 

1844-1845. 2 vols. 
Ponting, H. G. In lotus land : Japan ; new and rev. ed. 1922. 
Prain, D. Flora of tropical Africa, volume 9. 1934. 
Read, A. D. The profession of forestry. 1934. 
Rendall, V. Wild flowers in literature. 1934. 
Rigg, C. H. Roses of quality, a selection of some modern roses worth 

growing in the garden. 1933. 
Rivers, T. The miniature fruit garden ; or, The culture of pyramidal 

and bush fruit trees, with instructions for root-pruning; 9th ed. 

1860. 
Rivers, T. The orchard house ; or, The cultivation of fruit trees in pots 

under glass ; 8th ed. 1860. 
Rivers, T. Rose amateur's guide, containing ample descriptions of all 

the fine leading varieties of roses; 6th ed. corrected and improved. 

1857. 
Robbins, E., illus. Autumn leaves (a book of water color sketches). 
Rockwell, F. F. Peonies. 1933. 
Rohde, E. S. Gardens of delight. 1934. 
Royal horticultural society. Daffodil year book. 1933. 
Royal horticultural society. Lily year book. 1933. 
Russell, P. Oriental flowering cherries. 1934. 
Sanf ord, A. F., Arboretum. Planting list. 1934. 
Sanders. List of orchid hybrids, 1931-1933. 1934? 
Saunders, C. F. Useful wild plants of the United States and Canada ; 

3d and rev. ed. 1934. 
Sawyer, R. V. Water gardens and goldfish, by R. V. Sawyer and E. H. 

Perkins; 2d ed. 1934. 



LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 53 

Scheepers, J. Inc., pub. Beauty from bulbs. 1930. 
Seguierius, J. F. Bibliotheca botanica. 1740. 
Shamel, A. D. Manual of corn judging; 2d ed. 1903. 
Shoemaker, D. N. Descriptions of types of principal American vari- 
eties of garden peas, by D. N. Shoemaker and E. J. Delwiche. 1934. 
Shoemaker, J. S. Small-fruit culture, a text for instruction and 

reference work and a guide for field practice. 1934. 
Silva Tarouca, E., graf. Unsere freiland-nadelholzer; 2e neudurch- 

gesehene und vermehrte auflage. 1923. 
Slusser, E. Y. Stories of Luther Burbank and his plant school, by 

E. Y. Slusser and others. 1920. 
Small, J. K. Manual of the southeastern flora, being descriptions of 

the seed plants growing naturally in Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, 

"eastern Louisiana (etc.) 1933. 
Smith, J. E. Florae Graecae prodromus: sive Plantarum omnium 

enumeratio, quas in provinciis aut insulis Graeciae invenit Johan- 
nes Sibthorp. 1806-1813. 2 vols. 
Smith, L. H. Bermuda's "oldest inhabitants," tales of plant life. 1934. 
Smythe, F. S. Kamet conquered. 1932. 
Sprye, C. Flower decoration. 1934. 
Stanford, E. E. Economic plants. 1934. 
Stark, W. P. Inside facts of profitable fruit growing. 1916. 
Starrett, V. Penny wise and book foolish. 1929. 
Stebbing, M. E. Colour in the garden : plants and shrubs, their uses 

. . . and colour-grouping. 1934. 
Stout, A. B. Daylilies, the wild species and garden clones, both old 

and new, of the genus Hemerocallis. 1934. 
Sudell, B;. Landscape gardening: planning, construction, planting. 

1933. 
Taylor, A. D. Improving the home grounds. 
Taylor, G. An account of the genus Meconopsis. 1934. 
Taylor, H. C. Practical farm economies. 1924. 
Thomas, J. J. The American fruit culturist. 1849. 
Thompson, H. S. Sub-alpine plants; or, Flowers of the Swiss woods 

and meadows. 1912. 
Through the Arnold Arboretum. 1934. 
Tilford, P. E. Diseases of ornamental plants. 1932. 
Trattinick, L. Neue arten von Pelargonien deutschen ursprungs . . . 

5terband. 1830-1831. 
Trelease, W. The agaveae of Guatemala. 1915. 
Tribute to the memory of Peter Collinson. 1851. 
Tucker, A. H. The trees of Worcester (Massachusetts) : a list of the 

trees, both native and introduced, that grow in our streets and 

grounds, together with their locations. 1894. 



54 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Turner, W. The names of herbes, by William Turner, A.D. 1548 (with 

an introduction, an index of English names, and an identification 

of the plants enumerated by Turner) by James Britten. 1881. 
Tusser, T. Thomas Tusser, 1557 floruit, his good points of husbandry, 

collated and edited by Dorothy Hartley. 1931. 
Volkamer, J. C. Nurnbergische hesperides ; oder griindliche beschreib- 

ung der edlen citronat, citronen, und pomerantzen-friichte . . . 

beneben der Flora (with the Continuation). 1708-1714. 2 vols. 
Volz, G. B. Das Sans Souci Friedrichs des Grossen mit einem Anhang : 

das San Souci von heute. 1926. 
Vries, H. de. The mutation theory : experiments and observations on 

the origin of species in the vegetable kingdom . . . trans, by J. B. 

Farmer and A. D. Darbishire. 1909-1910. 2 vols. 
Warner, M. F., comp. A bibliography of plant genetics, comp. by 

M. F. Warner, M. A. Sherman, and E. M. Colvin. 1934. 
Waugh, F. A. Rural improvement : the principles of civic art applied 

to rural conditions. 1914. 
Wethered, H. N. Short history of gardens. 1933. 
White, A. The stapeliae, an introduction to this tribe of Asclepiada- 

ceae, by A. White and B. L. Sloan. 1933. 
Williams, C. The vegetable world ; 1st American ed. 1833. 
Woods, W. C. Blueberry insects in Maine. 1915. 
Woolf, V. Kew gardens. 1927. 
Wright, R. Story of gardening from the hanging gardens of Babylon 

to the hanging gardens of New York. 1934. . 
Wright, R. Winter diversions of a gardener. 1934. 
Yamanaka and co., pub. Selected arrangements of Moribana and 

Heikwa. 1933. 2 vols. 



Periodicals Received, 1934 

Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales. 
Agricultural Index. 
Alpine Garden Society. Bulletin. 
Alpine Garden Society. Year Book. 
American Amaryllis Society. Year Book. 

* American Bee Journal. 
American Botanist. 

American Carnation Society. Proceedings. 

American Dahlia Society. Bulletin. 

American Delphinium Society. Bulletin. 

American Fern Journal. 

American Forests. 

American Fruit Grower Magazine. 

American Hom6. 

* American Hortigraphs and Agronomic Review. 
American Iris Society. Bulletin. 

American Nurseryman. 

American Orchid Society. Bulletin. 

American Peony Society. Bulletin. 

American Rose Annual. 

American Rose Magazine. 

American Society for Horticultural Science. Proceedings. 

American Society of Landscape Architects. Bimonthly Index to 

Current Publications of Professional Interest. 
Les Amis des Roses. 
Annals of Botany. 

Arnold Arboretum. Bulletin of Popular Information. 
Arnold Arboretum. Journal. 
Better Fruit. 

Better Homes and Gardens. 
Blumen- und Pflanzenbau. 

Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research. Contributions. 
Breeze Hill News. 

British Carnation Society. Carnation Yearbook. 
British Gladiolus Society. Gladiolus Annual. 
Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Leaflets. 
Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Record. 
Bryologist. 

Cactus and Succulent Society of America. Journal. 
Cactus and Succulent Society of Great Britain. Cactus Journal. 
*Calavo News. 
California Avocado Association. Yearbook. 
California. Department of Agriculture. Bulletin. 



*Library keeps only the current year on file. 

55 



56 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

California Garden. 

California Garden Club Federation. Year Book. 

Canadian Entomologist. 

Canadian Florist. 

Canadian Gladiolus Society. Quarterly. 

Canadian Horticulture. 

Le Chrysantheme. 

Chrysanthemum Society of America. Bulletin. 

City Gardens Club (New York). Bulletin. 

Colorado Federation of Garden Clubs. Year Book. 
*Country Life. New York. 

Curtis's Botanical Magazine. 

Desert Plant Life. 
*Economia y Tecnica Agricola. 
*Elementary English Review. 

Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. Journal. 

Experiment Station Record. 

F. T. D. News. 

Federated Garden Clubs of Iowa. Iowa Gardens. 

Federated Garden Clubs of Maryland. News. 

Federated Garden Clubs of Michigan. Bulletin. 

Federated Garden Clubs of New Jersey. Year Book. 

Federated Garden Clubs of New York State. Year Book. 
^"Fertilizer Review. 

Flora Batava. 

Florida Federation of Garden Clubs. Year Book. 

Florists' Exchange. 

Florists' Review. 

Flower Grower. 

Flowering Plants of South Africa. 

Forest Leaves. 

Four Seasons. 

Fruit World of Australasia. 

Garden Club Exchange. 

Garden Club Federation of Massachusetts. Yearbook. 

Garden Club of America. Bulletin. 

Garden Club of Kentucky. Year Book. 

Garden Club of North Carolina. Year Book. 

Garden Club of Virginia. Year Book. 

Garden Design. 

Garden Digest. 

Garden Glories. 

Garden Gossip. 

Garden Greetings. 



*Library keeps only the current year on file. 



PERIODICALS RECEIVED 57 

Garden Life. 

Garden Lover. 

Garden Path. 

Garden Quarterly. 

Gardeners' Chronicle. 

Gardeners' Chronicle of America. 

Gardening Illustrated. 

Gardening Review. 

Gartenflora. 

Gartenkunst. 

Gartenschonheit. 

Geisenheimer Mitteilungen iiber Obst- und Gartenbau. 

Giardino Fiorito. 

Gladiolus Review. 

Golden Gardens. . 

Gray Herbarium. Contributions. 

Great Britain. Ministry of Agriculture. Journal. 
* Guide to Nature. 

Harvard University. Botanical Museum. Leaflets. 

Hillcrest Gardens. 

Home Acres. 

Home and Field. 
*Home Gardening. 

Homes and Gardens of Tomorrow. 

Hooker's Icones Plantarum. 

Hoosier Horticulture. 

L'Horticulteur Chalonnaise. 

Horticultural News. 

Horticultural Society of New York. Monthly Bulletin. 

Horticultural Society of New York. Yearbook. 

Horticulture. 

L'Horticulture Francaise. 

House and Garden. 

Illinois Gladiolus Society. Bulletin. 

Illinois Horticulture. 

Indiana Academy of Science. Proceedings. 

Indiana Horticultural Society. Transactions. 

International Review of Agriculture. 
*Iowa Agriculturist. 

Iowa State Horticultural Society. Transactions. 

Ireland. Department of Lands and Agriculture. Journal. 

Iris Society (England). Yearbook. 

Jardinage. 

Jenkins Hemlock Arboretum. Bulletin. 



* Library keeps only the current year on file. 



58 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Journal of Agricultural Research. 

Journal of Botany, British and Foreign. 

Journal of Economic Entomology. 

Journal of Forestry. 

Journal of Pomology and Horticultural Science. 

Kew. Royal Gardens. Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information. 

Landscape and Garden. 

Landscape Architecture. 

Lawn Care. 

Lexington Leaflets. 

Linnasan Society. Journal. 

Lloyd Library. Bulletin. 

Lyon-Horticole et Horticulture Nouvelle Reunis. 

Market Growers Journal. 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society. Year Book. 

Michigan Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters. Papers. 

Michigan Horticultural Society. Year Book. 

Michigan State Horticultural Society. Annual Report. 

Mid West Dahlia News. 

Minnesota Horticulturist. 

Missouri Botanical Garden. Annals. 

Missouri Botanical Garden. Bulletin. 

Mollers Deutsche Gartner-Zeitung. 

Montreal. Universite. Laboratoire de Botanique. Contributions. 

Morton Arboretum. Bulletin of Popular Information. 

My Garden. 

Mycologia. 

National Carnation and Picotee Society (England). Annual Report 
and Yearbook. 

National Council of State Garden Club Federations. Bulletin. 

National Fertilizer Association. Proceedings. 

National Horticultural Magazine. 

National Nurseryman. 

National Rose Society (England). Rose Annual. 
*Natur und Volk. 
*Nature - Garden Guide. 
* Nature Magazine. 

New England Gladiolus Society. Yearbook. 
*New England Homestead. 

New Flora and Silva. 

New York Botanical Garden. Journal. 

Nord Horticole. 

Ontario. Department of Agriculture. Statistics Branch. Annual 
Report. 

* Library keeps only the current year on file. 



PERIODICALS RECEIVED 59 

Ontario. Entomological Society. Annual Report. 

Ontario. Horticultural Societies. Annual Report. 

Ontario. Vegetable Growers Association. Annual Report. 

Orchid Review. 

Oregon Federation of Garden Clubs. Year Book. 

Ortofrutticoltura Italian a. 

Pacific Coast Garden. 
*Parks and Recreation. 

Pennsylvania Horticultural Society. Yearbook. 

Le Petit Jardin. 
*Philippine Journal of Agriculture. 

Phytopathology. 

Plant Breeding Abstracts. 

La Pomologie Franchise. 

Popular Gardening. 
*Progressive Farmer and Southern Ruralist. 

Quarterly Journal of Forestry. 

Reale Societa Toscana di Orticultura. Bulletino. 

Revue des Eaux et Forets. 

Revue Horticole. 

Rhodora. 

Rio de Janeiro. Museu Nacional. Archivos. 

Rio de Janeiro. Museu Nacional. Boletim. 

Rose News. 

Royal Caledonian Horticultural Society. Transactions. 

Royal Horticultural Society. Daffodil Yearbook. 

Royal Horticultural Society. Lily Yearbook. 

Royal Horticultural Society. Journal. 

Rural New Yorker. 

Scottish Forestry Journal. 

Seed Trade Buyers Guide. 

Seed Trade News. 

Seed World. 

Shade Tree. 
*Societe d'Horticulture de la Haute-Garonne. Annales. 

* Societe d'Horticulture d'Orleans et du Loiret. Bulletin. 

* Societe d'Horticulture et de Viticulture d'Epernay. Bulletin. 
Societe Franchise du Dahlia. Journal. 

Societe Nationale d'Horticulture de France. Bulletin. 

Societe Royale de Botanique de Belgique. Bulletin. 

Societe Royale d'Horticulture et d' Agriculture d'Anvers. Bulletin. 

South African Gardening and Country Life. 

Southern Florist and Nurseryman. 

Southern Home and Garden. 



♦Library keeps only the current year on file. 



60 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

* Sunset. 

Tennessee Garden Club. Year Book. 
*Tennessee Horticulture. 

Tokyo. Imperial University. Botanic Gardens. Catalogus seminum 
et sporarum. 

Torrey Botanical Club. Bulletin. 

Torreya. 

Tree Talk. 

Tribune Horticole. 

U. S. Department of Agriculture. Yearbook. 

Verein zum Schutze der Alpenpflanzen. Jahrbuch. 
^Victoria, Australia. Department of Agriculture. Journal. 
*Waltham, Mass. Field Station. Field Station Journal. 

West Virginia Gardens. Year Book. 

Wild Flower. 

Wild Flower Preservation Society. Circulars. 

Wisconsin Horticulture. 

Worcester County Horticultural Society. Schedule. 

Your Garden and Home. 

Zeitschrift fiir Obst-, Wein- und Gartenbau. 

Zeitschrift fiir Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz. 



* Library keeps only the current year on file. 



Gifts to the Library 

The Massachusetts Horticultural Society acknowledges with 
thanks gifts to the Library from the following donors in 1934: 

Arnold Arboretum. 

Through the Arnold Arboretum. 1934. 
Bijhouwer, J. T. P. 

Collection of nursery catalogues. 
Crosby, Mrs. S. V. R. 

Recent discoveries in the Newfoundland flora, by M. L. Fernald. 

1934. 
Eustis, Mrs. Augustus H. 

Britannia illustrata; or, Perspective views of the royal palaces, 

and several of the most noted houses and gardens ... of 

England, drawn by I. Knyff. 1749. 
Flore f orestiere illustree : arbres et arbustes du centre de l'Europe, 

par C. de Kirwan. 1782. 
Farrington, E. I. 

Modern guide to successful gardening, by M. G. Kains. 1934. 
Planting lists for southern California, a handbook of ornamental 

plants, by R. S. Hoyt. 1933. 
Stories of Luther Burbank and his plant school, by E. Y. Slusser 

and others ; ed. by L. M. Waldo. 1920. 
Graves, Gertrude M. 

Autumn leaves, a book of water color sketches by Ellen Robbins. 
Harvard College. 

Collection of nursery catalogues. 
Manning, Richard C. (from the libraries of Robert Manning and 

Robert Manning Junior) 
American fruit-book, by S. W. Cole. 1866. 
American fruit culturist, by J. J. Thomas. 1849. 
American orchardist, by J. Thacher ; 2d ed. much improved. 1825. 
Arbres fruitiers, leur culture en Belgique et leur propagation par 

la graine, par J. B. Van Mons. 1835-1836. 2 vols. 
Autobiography and recollections of incidents connected with 

horticultural affairs, etc., from 1807 up to this day, 1892, by 

L. Menand; 2d ed. 1892. 
Book of fruits, 1st series for 1838, by R. Manning. 1838. 
Complete gardener and florist ; 9th ed. 1849. 
Complete gard'ner, by J. de la Quintinye, abridged by G. London 

and H. Wise, to which is prefix'd an address by J. Evelyn; 

7th ed. corrected. 1719. 
Elliott's fruit book, by F. R. Elliott. 1854. 

European agriculture and rural economy from personal observa- 
tion, by H. Colman. 1844-1848. 2 vols. 

61 



62 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Farmer's companion, by J. Buel. 1839. 

Fruits and fruit trees of America, by A. J. Downing. 1845. 

Fruits and fruit trees of America, illus. with colored engravings, 

by A. J. Downing. 1850. 
Fruits and fruit trees of America by A. J. Downing ; 2d revision 

and correction, with large additions, by Charles Downing. 1869. 
Garden ; or, Familiar instructions for the laying out and manage- 
ment of a flower garden. (Peter Parley's little library) 1834. 
Garden manual, by the editors and contributors of the "Cottage 

Gardener"; 5th ed. 1860? 
History of English gardening, chronological, biographical, liter- 
ary, and critical, by G. W. Johnson. 1829. 
Hooper's western fruit book, by E. J. Hooper. 1857. 
Miniature fruit garden; or, the culture of pyramidal and bush 

fruit trees, with instructions for root-pruning, by T. Rivers; 

9th ed. 1860. 
Natural history of remarkable trees, shrubs and plants. 1819. 
New American orchardist, by W. Kenrick; 7th ed. enlarged and 

improved. 1844. 
New England fruit book, by R. Manning; 2d ed. enlarged by 

J.M.Ives. 1844. 
New England book of fruit, by R. Manning; 3d ed. rev. and 

enlarged by J. M. Ives. 1847. 
Orchard house; or, The cultivation of fruit trees in pots under 

glass, by T. Rivers; 8th ed. 1860. 
Pomological manual, by W. R. Prince. 1831. 
Proceedings at a banquet given by his friends to the Hon. M. P. 

Wilder, September 22, 1883. 1883. 
Report on the trees and shrubs growing naturally in the forests 

of Massachusetts, by G. B. Emerson. 1846. 
Rose amateur's guide, by T. Rivers; 6th ed. corrected and im- 
proved. 1857. 
Supplement to the 5th ed. of "Country Life," by R. M. Copeland. 

1866. 
Supplement to the practical treatise on the culture of florists' 

flowers, by T. Hogg. 1833. 
Theory of horticulture, by J. Lindley; 1st American edition, with 

notes, etc., by A. J. Downing and A. Gray. 1841. 
Treasury of botany, ed. by J. Lindley and T. Moore ; new and rev. 

ed. 1889. 2 vols. 
Treatise on some of the insects injurious to vegetation, by T. W. 

Harris; 3d ed. 1862. 
Treatise on the culture and management of fruit trees, by W. 

Forsyth ; 7th ed. corrected. 1824. 



GIFTS TO THE LIBRARY 63 

Treatise on the materia medica, intended as a sequel to the Phar- 
macopoeia of the United States, by J. Bigelow. 1822. 
Treatise on the theory and practice of landscape gardening 

adapted to North America, by A. J. Downing; 2d ed. 1844. 
Trees of America, native and foreign, pictorially and botanically 

delineated, and scientifically and popularly described, by D. J. 

Browne. 1846. 
Vegetable world, by C. Williams; 1st American ed. 1833. 
Window gardener, by E. S. Rand Jr. 1872. 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 

Woody plants of Iowa in winter condition, by H. D. Harrington. 

1934. 
New York Herald-Tribune. 

Improving the home grounds, by A. D. Taylor. 
New York State College of Agriculture. 

Collection of nursery catalogues. 
Rubel, R. 0., Jr. 

Plant life of Alabama, by C. Mohr. 1901. 
Sanf ord Arboretum. 

Planting list of the A. F. Sanford Arboretum. 1934. 
Sprague, Mrs. Isaac. 

Book about the garden and the gardener, by S. R. Hole. 1892. 

Colour in the flower garden, by G. Jekyll. 1908. 

Gardens for small country houses, by G. Jekyll and L. Weaver; 

2d ed. rev. and enlarged. 1913. 
History of the expedition of Captains Lewis and Clark, 1804-5-6, 

reprinted from the ed. of 1814 with introduction and index by 

J. K. Hosmer; 2d ed. 1903. 2 vols. 
Home and garden, by G. Jekyll. 1900. 
Lilies for English gardens, by G. Jekyll. 1901. 
Roses for English gardens, by G. Jekyll and E. Mawley. 1902. 
Wall and water gardens, by G. Jekyll. 1901. 
Wood and garden, notes and thoughts, practical and critical, of a 

working amateur, by G. Jekyll. 1899. 
Van Olpen, H. A. 

Dutch bulbs, their history and treatment, by J. F. C. Dix, English 

by T. J. Bakker; ed. and printed by H. A. Van Olpen. 1912. 
Verges, E. M. 

Catalogo de los nombres volgares y scientificos de algunas plantas 

Puertorriqueiias, pro J. I. Otero y R. A. Toro. 1931. 
Ecological survey of the flora of Porto Rico, by M. T. Cook and 

H. A. Gleason. 1928. 



Necrology 



The following is a list of the members of the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society whose deaths were reported during the 
year 1934: 



Mrs. Grafton S. L. Abbott 

Hon. Charles H. Allen 

Miss Grace Allen 

Miss L. Mabel Allen 

Mrs. Philip N. Ayres 

Miss Annie Bacon 

Mrs. Richard P. Baer 

Mrs. Helen B. Barrett 

Mrs. William Emerson Barrett 

Mr. Franklin H. Beebe 

Mrs. Carle M. Bigelow 

Mr. Frank Blackwell 

Miss Elizabeth E. Boit 

Mr. Seth A. Borden 

Mrs. Emma C. Buckley 

Mrs. Godfrey Lowell Cabot 

Mrs. Pierre Chouteau 

Mr, J. Warren Clark 

Mr. Robert H. Clark 

Mr. John C. Cobb 

Mrs. Sarah E. Conant 

Mr. Harold J. Coolidge 

Miss Elizabeth A. Cotton 

Dr. W. J. Councilman 

Miss Mary P. Cunningham 

Mr. Charles H. Curtis 

Mr. Clarence H. Cutler 

Mr. Bancroft Chandler Davis 

Mrs. Wayland C. Davis 

Mr. F. H. Day 

Mr. Philip Dexter 

Mr. John P. Dorgan 

Mr. Louis Stoughton Drake 

Mr. Charles Fairchild 

Mrs. John K. M. L. Farquhar 

Mr. Robert Farquhar 

Mr. Arthur H. Fewkes 

Miss Alena Finlay 

Miss Jane M. Furber 

Mr. Percival Gallagher 

Mr. Allan V. Garratt 

Mrs. James Geddes 

Mrs. R. M. Gibbs 

Mr. Arthur E. Gilman 



Miss Nellie Gray 

Mrs. Francis B. Harrington 

Mr. George Hawley 

Mr. F. Heeremans 

Mr. C. T. Hilmers 

Mrs. Henry E. Holbrook 

Mr. Eber Holmes 

Mr. Osborne Howes 

Dr. Delbert L. Jackson 

Mr. Aaron Johnson 

Mr. Frank Josifko 

Mrs. Sarah Vinal Keene 

Mrs. Leonard P. Kinnicutt 

Mr. George C. Lee 

Mrs. J. H. Libby 

Mr. Samuel C. Lord 

Mr. A. Chandler Manning 

Mr. Arthur D. Marble 

Mr. George H. May 

Miss Grace L. Merrill 

Mr. James Metevier 

Mrs. W. D. Miller 

Mr. Charles Mockf ord 

Mrs. Frank G. Nelson 

Mr. James Arthur Nixon 

Mr. Charles E. O'Brien 

Mr. John Ostler 

Mr. Gabriel Dias Paiva 

Miss C. E. Perkins 

Mr. James J. Phelan 

Dr. Abner Post 

Mrs. Nellie C. Preston 

Mrs. Fanny C. Ransom 

Mr. Charles A. Read 

Mrs. Caroline Saunders 

Mrs. Robert G. Shaw 

Mr. H. A. Siebrecht 

Mrs. George A. Strong 

Mr. William C. Thairlwall 

Mrs. Nathaniel Thayer 

Mrs. A. T. Tilton 

Mr. Edward D. Ver Planck 

Mr. Thomas A. Watson 

Mrs. F. B. Wheeler 



Mrs. Edward Hastings Wiswall 
64 



Benevolent Fraternity Fruit 
and Flower Mission 

The Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission is very 
grateful to the Trustees of the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society for their continued cooperation, which has enabled the 
mission to relieve some of the tension under which people have 
been living the past year. 

The extreme Winter of 1934 took its toll of gardens, many 
of which had already shown the effects of the depression. Then 
came the dry Summer and in some of the towns the use of the 
hose was prohibited. In spite of these adverse conditions the 
Fruit and Flower Mission received during its hamper season 
at the four centers a higher total of hampers, baskets, boxes, 
etc., than at any time in its history — 641 from 30 towns. 

We missed the generous donations of vegetables and fruits 
of former years — and the need for these is always acute — but 
the flowers cheered many discouraged people. 

When the train service from Groton was discontinued our 
good friends of the Boston and Maine Railroad arranged to 
have the hamper sent by bus to Nashua, N. H., and placed on 
the train from that point, resulting in a 100 per cent record 
for this well-filled hamper. 

Three hundred and twenty-four baskets filled with jelly, 
oranges, candy, tea balls, soup and other "goodies" carried 
Thanksgiving and Christmas joy to lonely and sick shut-ins 
and "white collar" recipients. 

A quantity of seeds, bulbs and plants were distributed for 
planting in the 300 back yard gardens. 

The wards of four hospitals and a convalescent home were 
brightened by the visits of our hospital unit with their gay 
baskets of flowers. 

We especially appreciate the kindness of the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society in giving us the use of the lecture hall 
for a benefit lecture on Africa, given by Dr. and Mrs. Carl L. 
Watson. The friendly interest of Mr. Farrington means much 
to our work. 

Contributions — which may be left on any week day morning 
throughout the year in our basement room at Horticultural 
Hall — help greatly to build up the morale of individuals fac- 
ing the insecurity of our times. 

Emily I. Elliott, Executive Secretary. 

65 



MASSACHUSETTS 
HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



REPORTS 

OF THE 

OFFICERS AND COMMITTEES 



PRESENTED AT THE 
ANNUAL MEETING MAY 6, 1935 



WITH A LIST OF MEMBERS 
ADMITTED IN 1934 







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Annual Meeting, 1935 

The annual meeting of the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society was held at 3 p.m. on Monday, May 6, being preceded 
by a lecture by the Secretary, in which he reviewed the activities 
of the previous year, illustrating his talk with lantern slides. 

In the absence of the President, Mr. Edwin S. Webster, who 
was traveling in the West, the meeting was presided over by 
Professor Oakes Ames, Vice-President. Professor Ames an- 
nounced that Mr. Paul Frese and Miss Phyllis Allen had been 
appointed tellers. 

The Secretary read the call for the meeting and the minutes 
of the previous meeting. He then read the annual address of 
the President in Mr. Webster's absence. This was followed by 
the reports of the Secretary, the Treasurer and the chairmen 
of the various committees, all of which are appended. 

The President's Address 

I am writing my brief address to the members of the Massa- 
chusetts Horticultural Society with the knowledge that I shall 
be away when the meeting is held and that the necessity of 
reading it will devolve upon the Secretary. I wish to convey to 
the members my feeling of regret that I can not be present and 
to say to them that the prosperity and development of the 
Society in all its various activities is something very close to 
my heart. 

The record of the Society throughout its long history and in 
more recent years is one of which we may well be proud. The 
Society has made steady progress throughout the years of 
the depression. The fact seems rather surprising, inasmuch as 
most societies have been forced to admit the loss of member- 
ship. The Massachusetts Horticultural Society now has a total 
membership of 8,217. It gives a total increase of 607. The 
present membership is by far the largest in the history of the 
Society and, of course, no other similar organization in the 
country has a membership even half as large. The Secretary 
tells me that he feels that the membership can be increased to 
10,000, which would be as large a membership as can be taken 
care of without a somewhat decided increase in expense. The 
number of life members, unfortunately, has fallen off slightly 
and the President again urges that annual members become 
life members when they find that they can conveniently do so. 

69 



70 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

The need of increasing the life membership list must be 
emphasized. 

The President was obliged to report last year that the in- 
come of the Society had fallen off to such an extent that the 
Treasurer's book showed a deficit. I am glad to say that the 
situation for 1934 was somewhat improved, although the year 
was ended with a loss of about $650, partly because of the 
failure of the Autumn show to make the financial success 
anticipated. The officers of the Society have met the situation 
fairly and have agreed upon methods of economy which should 
keep the budget balanced this year. The heads of committees 
and departments were called together by the Committee on 
Finance and instructed to reduce expenditures where this 
could be done without interfering with the necessary work of 
the Society. It is probable that the plan of holding a large 
Autumn flower show will be done away with at least for the 
present, but that a show will be substituted at much less ex- 
pense which will give the public an opportunity to view such 
plants as they can grow in their gardens. 

The Society has been fortunate in its associations with the 
garden clubs and similar organizations, and the President 
takes this opportunity to express his appreciation of the 
assistance given the Society by the officers of the Garden Club 
Federation of Massachusetts and for continued cooperation on 
the part of the New England Gladiolus Society, the New 
England Dahlia Society and other organizations for the im- 
provement of horticulture. "We are glad to extend the facilities 
of this building to organizations of this kind. I can not make 
it too plain that the Society exists for the sole purpose of 
making itself useful to all persons engaged in horticulture as 
a vocation or as an avocation. The garden clubs have brought 
many visitors to the library in search of information and have 
added to our membership in no small measure. It would be 
difficult to overestimate their influence. 

For a few months last Summer the curve on the library 
chart indicating the demand for books went down. I am glad 
to say that it has gone up again and that the demand for books 
is now heavy — something which indicates a healthy interest in 
gardening matters. The Society is extremely proud of its 
Library and this part is justified because it can be matched by 
few institutions anywhere in the world. Important additions 




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72 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

are being made every year under the direction of the chairman 
of the Library Committee, Mr. Kidder, and the Librarian, 
Miss Manks, frequently makes an exhibit of valuable and 
interesting books in cases in the library. I hope that members 
of the Society will make an effort to see some of these exhibits. 
You will be interested to know that many of the books in the 
library are so valuable and such excellent examples of the 
book maker's art that the master printers of the city occa- 
sionally ask for the privilege of reading in our library in 
order to discuss these books and the way in which they are 
constructed. 

Our relations with the other horticultural societies, particu- 
larly in New York, Pennsylvania, Worcester, the North Shore 
and Cape Cod, have continued most cordial. "We are happy to 
have the cooperation of the North Shore Horticultural Society 
and the Cape Cod Horticultural Society in flower shows. The 
Society is in touch, through its Secretary, with horticultural 
organizations in many parts of the country and has been 
instrumental in helping some of them to increase and broaden 
their activities. 

The President wishes at this time to express his appreciation 
of the cooperation and assistance given him throughout the 
past year by the other officers and the employees of the Society 
and by the various committees, some of which have given much 
time and effort in the Society's interests. 

Edwin S. Webster, President. 

Report of the Secretary 

As the President has stated in his report, the Society now 
has the largest membership in its history and seems likely to 
have 8,500 by the end of the year. The constant growth of the 
Society has brought about a large increase in its activities and 
greater demands upon its resources. The increase in member- 
ship fees, together with a reasonable profit from the Spring 
show has enabled the continuance of these activities in spite of 
the fact that there has been a marked shrinkage in receipts 
from investments. 

There is every reason to believe that the work of the Society 
will continue to expand. When the books were closed at the 
end of April, it was found that that month had brought in 



74 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

$2,644 in membership fees. This is the largest amount ever 
received in one month from this source in the Society's history. 
The month which came nearest was that of April in 1932 when 
a total of $2,374 was received. 

The Society has necessarily become involved in business 
operations to a considerable extent although its aims and pur- 
poses continue to be educational and philanthropical. The 
turnover is perhaps much larger than the average member 
realizes. In April the Society paid out $52,000. Of course, 
April is not a typical month because it is in that month that 
most of the bills contracted at the Spring flower show — and 
this includes about $24,000 in prizes — are paid. A more de- 
tailed record of the receipts and expenditures will be found in 
the Treasurer's report, a digest of which will be read here and 
which will appear in full in the year book to be issued in a 
few weeks. 

The Secretary may say, incidentally, that this year book 
deserves the attention of all members of the Society. It con- 
tains a large amount of information to be obtained from no 
other source and is designed to provide a complete history of 
the Society's operations from year to year. An effort is made 
to get into the year books all kinds of information which may 
be of value to posterity or to any one who may in the distant 
future write another history of the Society or prepare a sequel 
to the Society's present excellent history, which was brought 
up to the centennial year. This history, by the way, was 
originally published at three dollars, but the Trustees last year 
voted to dispose of a limited number of copies at one dollar 
each. Any member of the Society or any person interested in 
the Society's work may purchase a copy of the Society's history 
substantially bound and attractively illustrated at the Secre- 
tary's office at any time for one dollar. 

The fact that the Society had ended two financial years with 
a deficit prompted the Finance Committee and the Executive 
Committee to hold a joint meeting last Winter and to canvass 
the entire situation. It became obvious to these committees that 
the falling off in revenue from investments and from rentals 
and the increase in various expenses owing to the enlarged 
membership made measures of economy imperative. Accord- 
ingly, a budget was prepared for 1935 and is now in effect. 



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76 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Under this budget each department is required to reduce its 
expenditures wherever possible and to exercise rigid economy. 
This applies in part to the Summer and Fall shows although 
ample amounts have been appropriated to make these shows 
worth while. The early June show, however, was dropped for 
1935, by vote of the Exhibition Committee. In view of these 
economies and the vote of the committee not to undertake a 
pretentious Autumn show with an admission fee and in view 
of the increased cost of living, it was deemed possible to restore 
the salary cuts which had been in effect. 

The Spring flower show has come to be depended upon as a 
necessary source of revenue. Without a substantial profit 
from this show, the Society would find it difficult to stage its 
free shows throughout the Summer and Autumn months. The 
report of the chairman of the Committee on Exhibitions will 
give you some of the important facts relating to the different 
shows. 

The Committee on Gardens, with Mrs. Bayard Thayer as 
chairman, visited many gardens last year and in its report on 
October 5 recommended the award of the H. H. Hunnewell 
Medal to Mr. Grenville Lindall Winthrop for his estate in 
Lenox. The committee also recommended the Society's gold 
medals for award to the estate of Mrs. Galen L. Stone in 
Marion and to the rose garden of Mr. Jere A. Downs in Win- 
chester. These awards were made by vote of the trustees, as 
were the following: a silver medal to Mrs. Francis Boardman 
Crowninshield for her rose garden in Marblehead and a silver 
medal to Mrs. Pierpont L. Stackpole for her garden in Man- 
chester; a blue ribbon certificate to Mr. and Mrs. George B. 
Baker for their garden at Chestnut Hill ; a blue ribbon certifi- 
cate to Mrs. Gaspar G. Bacon for her flower pot garden in 
Jamaica Plain ; a blue ribbon certificate to Dr. and Mrs. Amos 
Hadley for their garden in Wayland ; a blue ribbon certificate 
to Mrs. Stephen Van Renssaeler Crosby for a remarkable horn- 
beam hedge on her estate at Manchester ; and. a blue ribbon 
certificate to Mrs. Charles Sumner Bird, Jr., for her driveway 
in Ipswich. The Hunnewell medal awarded to Mr. Winthrop 
was a new medal cast last year from a design made by John 
Paramino from the H. H. Hunnewell Fund, which has been in 
existence for many years. The first medal struck was sent to 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 77 

the Hunnewell family. Mr. Winthrop received the second 
medal. 

At the same meeting, the Committee on Special Medals, 
with Professor Oakes Ames as chairman, recommended the 
award of the George Robert White Medal of Honor to Captain 
F. Kingdon Ward, British plant collector and explorer ; the 
award of the Thomas Roland Medal to William Kleinheinz of 
Elkins Park, Pa., superintendent for Mr. Joseph Widener ; 
and the award of the Jackson Dawson Medal to Mr. H. Harold 
Hume of Gainesville, Fla. The recommendations were adopted 
and the awards made. 

Later in the year the Albert C. Burr age Gold Vase, costing 
$1,000 and offered each year for the most outstanding exhibit 
at any of the Society's exhibitions in the course of that year, 
was awarded to the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum for its 
exhibit at the Autumn show. 

At the May meeting last year, the Committee on Exhibitions 
was augmented by the addition of Mrs. Roger S. Warner, 
William Ellery and Harold Hill Blossom. At that time also 
Mr. Ellery was made chairman of the Committee on Prizes. 
No other important changes in the membership of committees 
or of the board were made in the course of the year. 

Mr. Nehrling continued his excellent work as Exhibition 
Manager, and Mr. James Geehan was given full charge of the 
advertising department of Horticulture, as will be seen by the 
report of the Committee on Lectures and Publications. 

The garden clubs have held several meetings and conferences 
in the hall in the past year, and the courtesies of the hall have 
been extended to many other organizations of a horticultural 
character. 

The Boston Mycological Club has continued to hold exhibi- 
tions each Monday throughout the season, but has suffered the 
loss of one of its oldest and most active members, Mrs. Eliza 
Blackford. 

Because of a new appraisement of the building and its con- 
tents and a consequent reduction in rates, the amount of in- 
surance premiums due each year has been reduced by several 
hundred dollars. These insurance premiums are an important 
item of expense and amount to about $3,000 each year. 

The Society has continued to work closely with other organi- 




Cymbidium Beatrice, exhibited by J ere A. Downs at the Spring 
flower show and awarded the gold medal of The Pennsylvania 
Horticultural Society as having the best culture of any exhibit 

in the show 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 79 

zations in the cleaning up and development of backyards in 
the adjoining colored section. Mrs. Robert G. Stone, wife of 
one of the Trustees, again gave $75 for the award of prizes to 
garden contest winners. The Secretary awarded these prizes at 
a public meeting in one of the schoolhouses. 

The University Extension Division of the State Department 
of Education held a course in the hall in cooperation with this 
Society and had an average attendance of about 60 and was in 
charge of Mr. Robert Sturtevant. 

The receipts for rentals have continued to fall off in spite 
of every effort to obtain new rentals. In 1934 they were only 
$3,039.55 as against $6,912.90. The principal loss is found in 
the fact that the food fair, for many years a fixture in this 
hall has been merged with a more general show at Mechanics 
Building. 

The Society has undertaken to find employment for private 
gardeners who have lost their positions because of poor busi- 
ness conditions and their advertisements have been placed 
without charge in Horticulture. Several men have been placed. 
Indeed the demand for gardeners seems to have been larger 
than for several years, although mostly for men to take charge 
of small places at lower salaries than once prevailed. 

The Society has received a number of gifts during the year, 
among them two letters of special interest. These letters were 
written by Edward S. Rand, Jr., who was recording secretary 
about 75 years ago, to Jackson Dawson, who later became 
famous as superintendent of the Arnold Arboretum. One of 
them was written to Mr. Dawson while he was in the army, 
but the other has to do with the discovery of Scotch heather 
found by young Dawson in Tewksbury and reported by him 
to the Society. Members who have read the history of the 
Society will remember that Dawson was suspected of trying 
to perpetrate a hoax and narrowly escaped a reprimand, al- 
though later he demonstrated the fact that heather in abun- 
dance was actually growing at the spot indicated by him. 

The Secretary desires to express warm appreciation of the 
support given him by the officers and members throughout 
the year. 

Edward I. Farrington, Secretary. 



80 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Report of the Treasurer 

STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL CONDITION 
AT DECEMBER 31, 1934 

Assets 

Cash in banks and on hand $ 34,426.72 

Treasurer $32,283.30 

Bursar : In bank 796.04 

On hand 10.00 

Savings bank deposits 1,337.38 

$34,426.72 

Investments — valued at cost — Schedule A-l 508,083.52 

Capital Assets — see Note 1 587,855.63 

Real estate $498,564.63 

Improvements and additions to buildings 24,674.60 ; 

Library 46,580.47 

Furniture and exhibition ware 9,391.99 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society History . . 6,331.38 
Lantern slides 2,312.56 

$587,855.63 
Deferred charges : Spring Show, 1935 2,233.13 

$1,132,599.00 

Liabilities and Capital Funds 

Sundry funds $441,692.25 

Special uses : Principal $156,713.73 

Unexpended income 8,035.22 

$164,748.95 

General uses : Principal 276,943.30 

$441,692.25 

Accounts payable 82.51 

Life membership fees 21,094.00 

Mount Auburn Cemetery fund 47,468.72 

Capital 564,524.70 

Surplus (Capital) 28,936.78 

Balance, January 1, 1934 $28,768.90 

Add : Gain on sale of securities 167.88 

$28,936.78 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 81 

Surplus (Earned) $28,800.04 

Balance, January 1, 1934 $29,359.14 

Add : Adjustment for prior years 82.50 

$29,441.64 
Less : Excess of expenditure over income 641.60 



$28,800.04 



$1,132,599.00 

Note 1 : Capital assets are stated at cost. Depreciation on capital assets 
has not been provided for. 

Note 2 : Massachusetts Horticultural Society publishes semi-monthly a 
publication entitled Horticulture. On December 31, 1934, there was due from 
advertisers in Horticulture $5,582.35, and there were bills outstanding for 
printing, paper, etc., amounting to $407.61. The financial records of 
Horticulture are kept on the cash receipts and payments basis. The amounts 
due from advertisers and the indebtedness for printing, paper, etc., are not 
reflected in the above statement. 

STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURE 

Year ended Year ended 

Income December 31, 1934 December 31, 1933 
Income from investments and 
bank interest (less proportion 

allocated to restricted funds) $22,299.22 $20,070.12 

Membership fees 13,641.00 12,550.00 

Rentals 3,039.55 6,912.90 

Spring Show: 1934 21,364.31 

1933 9,552.83 

1932 127.00 

Incidentals 498.03 172.59 

Sale of lots — Mt. Auburn 

Cemetery 1,221.99 

Lantern slides — income 61.90 36.60 

Library catalogues 3.00 

$60,907.01 $50,644.03 

Add : Horticulture income 1,488.89 



$60,907.01 $52,132.92 

Expenditure 
Operating expenses : 

Building expenses $17,425.31 $17,745.67 

Library appropriation 2,419.84 1,449.38 




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ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 83 

Library expenses $ 4,014.63 $ 4,292.91 

Office and general expense . . . 29,280.85 25,407.23 

Misc. exhibition expense 3,715.89 4,466.54 

Fall Show— 1934 3,219.37 

$60,075.89 $53,361.73 

Awards and Lectures : 

Lectures $ 85.00 $ 17.30 

Medals and certificates 532.79 1,294.41 

Judges' fees 175.00 55.00 

Prizes in excess of income of 

funds 659.99 259.00 

1,452.78 1,590.91 

Add : Horticulture loss 19.94 



$61,548.61 $54,952.64 
Excess of expenditure over income — 

transferred to Income Account $641.60 $2,819.72 

INVESTMENTS AT DECEMBER 31, 1934 

Bonds 

Rate Maturity Cost 

% Date Value 

$ 5,000 American European Securities 5 1958 $ 5,000.00 

5,000 American Tel. & Tel. Co 5 1946 4,973.75 

20,000 American Tel. & Tel. Co 5 1965 20,106.94 

15,000 Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe 4 1995 12,450.00 

8,000 Boston & Maine R. R— Registered 4y 2 1944 8,000.00 

15,000 Columbus Electric & Power Co 5 1954 14,700.00 

6,000 Commonwealth Edison 4V 2 1956 5,745.00 

11,000 Consolidated Gas Co. of N. Y 5 1957 10,340.00 

15,000 Georgia Power Company 5 1967 14,550.00 

9,000 Hydraulic Power Co. of Niagara Falls .... 5 1951 8,982.50 

15,000 Indianapolis Gas Company 5 1952 14,775.00 

10,000 International Match Co 5 1941 6,161.25 

20,000 Louisiana Power & Light Co 5 1957 19,200.00 

10,000 New York Central R. R 5 2013 9,950.00 

15,000 New York Power & Light Co 4y 2 1967 14,197.00 

15,000 Norfolk & Western 4 1996 13,050.00 

5,000 North American Edison Co. "C" 5 1969 4,775.00 

9,000 Northern Ohio Power & Light Co 5V 2 1951 8,278.75 

15,000 Pacific Gas & Electric Co 5y 2 1952 15,406.25 

12,000 Pacific Telephone & Telegraph Co 5 1937 11,670.00 

6,300 Pere Marquette R. R. Co 5 1956 5,538.25 

9,000 Philadelphia Suburban Water Co 5 1955 9,300.99 

14,000 Potomac Edison 5 1956 12,222.22 



84 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

10,000 Public Utilities Corp 5y 2 1947 $ 9,925.00 

20,000 Puget Sound Power & Light Co 5% 1949 17,445.00 

15,000 Railway & Light Securities 5 1951 14,587.50 

25,000 Shawinigan Water Power Co 4y 2 1968 24,625.00 

8,000 Shell Pipe Line Corp 5 1952 7,663.75 

13,000 Southern Public Utilities 5 1943 11,862.50 

10,000 Southern California Telephone Co 5 1947 9,550.00 

15,000 Union Pacific R. R 4 1947 13,650.00 

5,000 United Drug, Inc 5 1953 4,518.75 

10,000 Washington Water Power Co 5 1960 9,418.75 

5,000 Western Electric Co 5 1944 4,825.00 

5,000 Western Union Telegraph Co 5 1938 4,982.50 

Total bonds $382,426.65 

Stocks 
Shares 

56 American Tel. & Tel. Co $10,176.88 

200 Buffalo, Niagara & Eastern Power Preferred 4,150.00 

265 186 / 6 oo Electric Bond & Share Co.^1 

2,726 General Electric Co. Special V 38,147.92 

2,192 General Electric Co. Common J 

500 National Power & Light $6 Preferred 50,750.00 

160 North American Co. $3 Preferred 6,871.50 

100 Northern States Power Co. 7% Preferred 7,548.75 

30 Fisk Rubber Co. Preferred 8,011.82 

365 2 /e Radio Corp. of America Common 

Total stocks $125,656.87 

Summary 

Bonds $382,426.65 

Stocks 125,656.87 

Total $508,083.52 

SUNDRY FUNDS AT DECEMBER 31, 1934 

Income to be used for Special Purposes 

Unexpended 

Total Income Principal 

Samuel Appleton Fund $ 1,000.00 $ 1,000.00 

Josiah Bradlee Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage— Library 34,109.44 $4,109.44 30,000.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage— Show 19,816.00 184.00 20,000.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage 1,392.25 142.25 1,250.00 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 85 

John Chaffin Fund $1,040.89 $ 40.89 $1,000.00 

William N. Craig Fund 2,641.90 141.90 2,500.00 

Benjamin B. Davis Fund 500.00 500.00 

Jackson Dawson Memorial Fund 3,418.87 191.87 3,227.00 

John S. Farlow Fund 2,507.55 7.55 2,500.00 

John S. Farlow Fund — Newton 

Horticultural Society 2,900.42 2,900.42 

Benjamin V. French— No. 1 500.00 500.00 

Benjamin V. French— No. 2 3,000.00 3,000.00 

John Allen French Fund 5,000.61 .61 5,000.00 

John D. Williams French Fund 12,207.38 525.50 11,681.88 

Henry A. Gane Memorial Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

H. H. Hunnewell Fund— No. 1 755.50 255.50 500.00 

H. H. Hunnewell Fund— No. 2 1,952.50 47.50 2,000.00 

H. H. Hunnewell Fund— No. 3 ........ 1,500.00. 1,500.00 

John A. Lowell Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Theodore Lyman Fund— No. 1 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Theodore Lyman Fund^-No. 2 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Benjamin H. Pierce Fund 1,270.00 470.00 800.00 

Thomas Roland Fund 3,474.71 474.71 3,000.00 

John Lewis Russell Fund 1,503.48 503.48 1,000.00 

Show Fund 35,000.00 35,000.00 

William J. Walker Fund 2,315.45 3S.98 2,354.43 

Levi Whitcomb Fund 501.00 1.00 500.00 

George Robert White Fund 11,440.10 1,440.10 10,000.00 

Marshall P. Wilder Fund 1,000.90 .90 1,000.00 

Total $164,748.95 $8,035.22 $156,713.73 

Income to be used for General Purposes 

Anonymous Funds $ 1,000.00 $ 1,000.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage Fund 1,200.00 1,200.00 

John Chany Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Helen Collamore Fund 5,000.00 5,000.00 

Arthur F. Estabrook 47,500.00 47,500.00 

Ida F. Estabrook 11,238.76 11,238.76 

Caroline F. Freeman Fund 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Francis Brown Hayes Bequest 189,904.54 189,904.54 

Francis Brown Hayes Fund 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Margaret Whitney Fund 100.00 100.00 



Total $276,943.30 $276,943.30 



86 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

SPRING SHOWS, 1934 AND 1933 

Income , 1934 N f 1933 ^ 

Tickets: 

Regular admissions . , $51,118.75 $33,212.45 

Trade tickets 3,574.25 2,268.75 

Students' tickets 137.25 953.50 

Members' tickets 5,843.00 4,066.00 

Garden club tickets 3,033.75 1,918.00 

Preview tickets 631.75 

Women's club tickets 63.00 

Miscellaneous tickets 166.00 

$63,936.00 $43,050.45 

Advertising — programs 232.33 

Flower booth 599.45 768.41 

Checking 400.10 354.50 

Restaurant 1,240.18 703.43 

Trade space 7,368.40 6,198.98 

Wheel chair 96.73 20.03 

Peat and paper 749.01 

Miscellaneous 13.00 

$74,635.20 $51,095.80 

Expenditures 

Printing $ 1,989.05 $ 1,490.35 

Advertising 5,717.75 4,661.15 

Postage 422.55 284.75 

Supplies 590.82 506.40 

Salaries 4,264.41 5,244.98 

Rentals 8,371.65 7,267.72 

Trees and plants, etc 1,285.40 1,868.87 

Prizes 18,665.77 14,316.50 

Garden clubs expense 500.00 500.00 

Commissions paid 3,775.35 

Insurance 231.58 325.00 

Garden awards 750.00 625.00 

Music 1,500.00 1,500.00 

Medals and certificates 973.10 623.09 

Decorating 1,839.57 339.00 

Incidentals 1,757.23 1,990.16 

Judges and committee expense . 636.66 

53,270.89 • 41,542.97 



Excess of income over expenditure — 

transferred to General Income $21,364.31 $9,552.83 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 87 

"HORTICULTURE" 

Statement of Income and Expenditure 

Year ended Year ended 

Income December 31, 1934 December 31, 1933 

Advertising $19,075.15 $16,789.67 

Subscriptions 18,459.35 . 17,492.16 

Books 522.06 164.87 

Garden Club News 2,770.38 699.70 

Miscellaneous 1,161.95 89.92 

—$41,988.89 $35,236.32 

Expenditure 

Printing $17,825.02 $15,883.25 

Paper 6,829.97 5,863.02 

Cuts 2,844.63 2,020.18 

Wrappers 530.16 473.15 

Postage 4,339.95 3,458.77 

Books 361.83 119.18 

Commissions and discounts .... 3,361.82 4,035.58 

Contributors 810.25 707.10 

Garden Club News 1,462.86 83.00 

Miscellaneous 3,642.34 1,104.20 

42,008.23 33,747.43 

Net loss or net income $19.94 $1,488.89 

BUILDING EXPENSE 

Year ended Year ended 

December December 

31, 1934 31, 1933 

Labor $10,148.53 $9,345.25 

Supplies 218.72 317.88 

Heating 1,270.70 987.63 

Lighting 1,809.03 1,248.70 

Telephone 82.35 75.15 

Repairs 1,325.86 3,008.82 

Insurance 2,064.45 2,393.44 

Incidentals 440.47 368.80 

Printing 65.20 

Total $17,425.31 $17,745.67 



88 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

LIBRARY APPROPRIATION 

Year ended Year ended 

December December 

31, 1934 31, 1933 

Printing $ 66.25 $191.50 

Binding and repairs 1,564.56 933.82 

Books and periodicals 461.92 164.98 

Supplies 148.32 76.48 

Postage 26.75 

Repairs 30.50 

Extra labor and salaries 147.09 48.60 

Incidentals 4.95 3.50 

Total $2,419.84 $1,449.38 

LIBRARY EXPENSES 

Year ended Year ended 

December December 

31, 1934 31, 1933 

Salaries $3,894.63 $4,049.00 

Stationery and postage 90.38 45.72 

Supplies 17.59 133.31 

Insurance 10.13 2.00 

Printing 46.13 

Repairs 1.90 4.75 

Incidentals 12.00 

Total $4,014.63 $4,292.91 

OFFICE AND GENERAL EXPENSE 

Year ended Year ended 

December December 

31, 1934 31, 1933 

Salaries $17,582.59 $13,880.50 

Stationery and postage 2,030.52 2,054.68 

Printing 1,965.44 2,065.63 

Supplies 298.55 368.82 

Telephone and telegraph 614.31 535.09 

Repairs 11.35 8.45 

Binding 5.27 31.45 

Traveling 224.52 26.50 

Insurance 75.00 

Members' subscriptions to Horticulture 5,652.87 5,215.26 

Incidentals 895.43 1,145.85 

Total $29,280.85 $25,407.23 

John S. Ames, Treasurer. 




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90 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Report of the Library Committee 

The theme of this report is service to patrons, in lending 
books and in finding information. It is a report of both accom- 
plishment and need. 

During 1934 our Library loaned 5,513 volumes, only a slight 
gain over the year before. The drop in rate does not disturb 
your committee, however, for libraries of all kinds, stimulated 
of late by the depression, have felt the same reaction. To 
counteract it in our own case, there was enthusiasm over the 
courses given by the National Association of Gardeners and 
by our own Society. The Library Committee were glad to 
cooperate with the Committee on Lectures and Publications 
and with the instructors by buying whatever books were 
needed for the courses. 

The most important fact about the Library is not that it 
buys or lends a certain number of volumes. One should think 
of it first as a reservoir of information and pleasure. A reader 
does not borrow any book he picks up ; he chooses what will 
solve his definite problem, or broaden his knowledge, or give 
him enjoyment. One reader wants to make a thorough study 
of aquilegia, the literature of which is much scattered. Another 
asks for the life and portrait of Captain Kingdon Ward. A 
landscape architect asks for authentic material on the design 
and construction of colonial garden houses, for a restoration 
project. The buying of books to meet such varied needs is one 
of the most important problems of the committee. 

This year the Library has acquired two books of unusual 
rarity and importance. Andrew Mollet's "The Garden of 
Pleasure . . ." was published in London in 1670. Ours is the 
only copy in this country, so far as we know. Its author was 
brought from France into England to introduce the new 
French "parterres de broderie" which his father was laying 
out so magnificently for Louis XIII, and the book is full of 
similar elaborate designs. The second is a copy of the 1599 
edition of Gerard's list of the plants grown in his garden at 
Holborn. Gerard was an extensive collector, and had over a 
thousand varieties, many of them novelties imported from 
Europe and America. From it we get at first hand an insight 
into the resources of the best gardens of the seventeenth 
century. 

From time to time through the year, exhibits of our books 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 91 

are on display. As this report appears, there is a group of 
seventeenth century English gardening books, the contempo- 
raries of Gerard's list, and of other books that Gerard may 
well have used. 

There are now 23,383 bound volumes in the Library. Five 
hundred and eighty-seven of them were added during the past 
year by purchase, gift, or binding. It is impossible to enu- 
merate gifts in this report, but a full list of them will be 
printed in the Year Book. To all the donors the committee 
make grateful acknowledgment. 

Last Spring for the first time an inventory was taken. The 
shelf list used as a basis was made at intervals between 1928 
and 1932, so that it seems certain that some of the 75 missing 
volumes disappeared during that period. We are happy to 
report that 25 have already been found, and others will prob- 
ably come to light. We are taking such steps as seem to be 
called for in recovering them. 

During the past few years, economy has been a practice 
familiar to us all ; in the Library it has reduced the staff and 
slowed down the work. The temporary abandonment of work 
on the magazine index has been a distinct handicap. 

Given a certain space and a certain income, we can not buy 
indiscriminately. There is in the air a tendency for "special 
libraries" to get together. From this movement we may hope 
for an agreement amongst libraries as to which shall try to 
acquire which lines of literature. 

This is not so simple as it may sound. There are, of course, 
many reference books which are important for all libraries. 
Standard works, such as Gerard, Parkinson, Linnseus, Gray, 
are books to which every one should have access. Many a book 
is less important in its entirety yet has chapters given to 
gardening, exploration, architecture, medicine, botany, or 
other subjects. The problem is to know to which library these 
books should go — if inexpensive and well-balanced, to every 
library ; but if rare and strong on one subject only, then to the 
library specializing on that topic. 

Let us suppose such a happy solution of our difficulties for 
meeting competition and suppose, too, that we have agreed to 
a system of interlibrary loans ; are our troubles over ? No, for 
we need a catalogue which will tell us which library has a cer- 







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ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 93 

tain book without having to refer to the special catalogue of 
each individual library. 

Utopian as these suggestions may sound, they did not origi- 
nate with the present writer. They are based on trends, and 
partly on accomplishments of the age. We must realize that to 
develop along these lines money is needed and time and study. 

Nathaniel T. Kidder, Chairman. 

Report of the Committee on Lectures and Publications 

It is gratifying to report that Horticulture has increased in 
circulation and in advertising patronage as well as in size the 
past year. At the same time, the fact must be admitted that 
conditions in the publishing field are far from being as satis- 
factory as we might wish. This fact is shown in the reluctance 
of advertisers to make contracts and in the difficulties expe- 
rienced in making collections. 

In the course of 1934, Walter Adams Johnson of New York 
closed up all of his advertising contracts and ceased to have 
any connection with the paper. All of the advertising work is 
now conducted from this office under the direction of James 
Geehan, advertising manager. This has proved to be a wise 
step. It has resulted in a marked increase in the volume of 
advertising obtained and a distinct improvement in the char- 
acter of the copy used. Losses have been greatly reduced as a 
result of this system and Mr. Geehan has been able to make 
collections on a large number of accounts which we were al- 
most ready to charge off as worthless. 

The circulation at the beginning of 1934 was 22,123. At the 
present time it is approximately 25,000. Part of the increase 
is due, of course, to the increase in the membership of this 
Society and the Pennsylvania society, the latter organization 
having put on about 300 new members for the present year. 

Last year's report showed a serious falling off in advertising 
receipts. This situation, fortunately, has been reversed, the 
receipts for 1934 amounting to $19,075.15 as against about 
$17,000 the year before. This amount, however, is still $2,000 
below the receipts of 1932 and not much more than half those 
of 1929 when business was booming. 

The profit account of Horticulture suffers from the fact that 
all copies of the magazine delivered to members of the Society 



94 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

or to subscribers within the postal district must carry stamps 
instead of being sent by the pound rate. This means that it 
costs more to send a copy of Horticulture to Jamaica Plain or 
Chestnut Hill than it does to Kalamazoo or Los Angeles. This 
is one of the curious features of the postal law and one which 
various publishers have got around by having their printing 
done in plants in small towns. The post office has now decreed 
that no publication shall be allowed to adopt such a plan in 
the future. 

Horticulture has continued to publish without charge the 
advertisements of private gardeners wishing positions. For 
several years past, the number of such advertisements has been 
large and this free publicity has naturally increased the ex- 
pense of the publication somewhat. Nevertheless, the members 
of the committee feel that the Society has been doing an excel- 
lent piece of work in this way. 

In 1933, the experiment was made of issuing a supplement 
to be known as Garden Club News. This experiment was made 
after consultation with the officers of the garden club federa- 
tion, who were enthusiastic over the plan. Later a similar 
supplement was started for the benefit of the Garden Club 
Federation of Pennsylvania. Unfortunately, neither supple- 
ment received the support expected, either in the way of sub- 
scriptions or of advertising. The experiment was set down as 
a failure, therefore, and the Pennsylvania supplement was 
dropped last year. Garden Club News was carried on locally 
until this Spring. Then it was discontinued, but the supple- 
ment was kept on as a local feature under the title Gardening 
in New England. The outlook for this supplement, at the 
moment, appears to be good. The advertising rates are lower 
than for Horticulture and it serves as a medium through 
which advertisers confining themselves to New England busi- 
ness can put their products before New England readers. The 
supplement serves a useful purpose, too, in providing a means 
for publishing material which is of interest to the readers of 
this section but not of sufficient importance to be published 
in Horticulture, which has a world-wide circulation. 

At the time of the Spring flower show this year, an eight- 
page supplement containing the complete program of the show 
was sent to all subscribers in New England. Horticulture, con- 
taining the supplement and with a new cover, was sold at the 




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96 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

show to the number of about 15,000 and took the place of a 
program formerly distributed free. This experiment was a 
decided success from both the standpoint of the show and the 
paper itself. 

During the year, four bulletins, "Herbs — How to Grow 
Them and How to Use Them" by Mrs. Helen Noyes Webster, 
"Begonias and How to Grow Them" by Mrs. Bessie W. Buxton, 
"Rock Gardens" by Cleveland Morgan and "House Plants" 
by Professor Clark L. Thayer, were reprinted. There has been 
a surprising demand for the herb bulletin and some 3,000 
copies have now been distributed. No new bulletins were issued 
last year. 

The acoustics of the Lecture Hall have been greatly im- 
proved and lectures can now be held there with reasonable 
success. The first lecture of the Winter was given by William 
N. Craig, February 7, on "Lilies," Mrs. Preston Rice gave a 
lecture on February 12, her subject being "The Hardy Garden 
in Continuous Bloom," with a large attendance. Dr. Ivan H. 
Crowell lectured on March 14, his subject being, "How We 
Can Aid and Protect Our Shade Trees." 

A new plan was adopted in the course of the Winter when 
Dr. Edgar Anderson of the Arnold Arboretum was engaged to 
conduct a class in popular botany. This class was attended by 
an average of 100 persons and eight sessions were held. It 
proved to be an exceedingly successful venture and those who 
attended have asked for another course the coming year. 

Howard Coonley, Chairman. 

Report of the Committee on Exhibitions 

It seems hardly possible to your chairman that another year 
has rolled around since the time I made my 1934 report for 
the Exhibition Committee. 

Another great Spring flower show, the 1935 show, has come 
and gone, and before reviewing it I should like to make a few 
comments on the late Spring, Summer and Autumn shows of 
1934. 

Last year our early June exhibition, formerly known as our 
iris show, drew an attendance of over 6,000 people. The show 
in some ways was disappointing with respect to iris exhibits, 
but it was notable for the azaleas and rhododendrons that were 
shown. 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 97 

Following this show came our mid- June exhibition, which 
also drew approximately 6,000 persons. Peonies were displayed 
in lavish profusion. Quality roses were lacking, but exhibits 
of sweet peas, delphiniums and lilies were all worthy of special 
comment: Strawberries were exhibited at this show, which 
proved to be the best shown for some years. 

The two Summer shows, featuring gladioli and dahlias, each 
drew approximately 7,000 people to the doors of this hall, and 
your committee feels that the special exhibits of annuals and 
other Summer-flowering subjects helped to make these two 
shows particularly interesting ; it is greatly to be hoped that in 
the coming Summer shows of this year, members of this Society, 
who are growers of annuals in their gardens, will bring these 
flowers to our halls for the prizes that will be offered, because 
these varied displays of the more recently introduced annuals 
are exceedingly educational. It is unfortunate that many grow- 
ers of both perennials and annuals hesitate to make entries in 
advance of the opening of the shows and fail to bring their often 
exceptionally well-grown material to the competitive classes in 
our schedules. The mid-Summer exhibition was characterized 
by some fine exhibits of vegetables, and the late Summer exhibi- 
tion brought forth an exhibit of outdoor-grown melons that won 
a gold medal award. The number, quality and size of the speci- 
mens shown made this melon exhibit probably the most note- 
worthy one ever seen by the judges of this Society. 

The exhibition of the products of children's gardens com- 
pared favorably with similar exhibits in years past, and the 
fruit and vegetable exhibition, held in early October, drew an 
attendance of almost 8,000 persons to this three-day show, 
which proved to be a great success. 

The final show of the 1934 year, scheduled as the Autumn 
flower show, was both beautifully planned and executed, the 
feature exhibit at the end of the large hall being staged by the 
Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum. At the end of the year the 
Albert C. Burrage gold vase was awarded to this modernistic 
chrysanthemum exhibit as the most outstanding exhibit of the 
year. Unfortunately, this exhibition came too close to Election 
Day. Fifty cents admission was charged, but newspaper pub- 
licity being almost impossible to get, because of the election 
period, the attendance totaled only 13,000, which was less than 




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ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 99 

anticipated, and the show therefore resulted in a small financial 
loss. 

From then on, interest focussed on the great 1935 Spring 
flower show, which opened its doors on March 25, and which 
proved to be the most beautiful Spring flower show so far staged 
in Boston. From every point of view it was a success. Finan- 
cially, it measured up closely with the 1934 show, but it was 
larger, as the lower floor or basement was used, and the exhibits 
staged there proved to be very striking. The 1935 Spring flower 
show was the first to be laid out by a landscape architect, and 
without question the wisdom of following this policy in the 
future has been proved. The exhibits in Grand Hall, staged 
under the direction of the garden clubs, made this great audi- 
torium a unit exhibit "June in New England." 

To the garden clubs, the greatest credit is due for this splen- 
did example of coordinated effort and architectural design. 

Comparisons are odious, but the Boston Spring flower show 
of 1935 received most flattering comparative comment from 
many visitors to the New York show the week before. Our 
Spring flower shows have become a vital part of our Society's 
life. They have become really huge affairs, straining the facili- 
ties of Mechanics Building to the, limit, and calling for a year- 
around show organization, and a financial outlay of large 
proportions before the doors are opened. They must continue 
to be better each year, always educational, and invariably 
colorful. 

For the safety of our flower shows of the future, our show 
management organization must be capable, courageous and 
resourceful and ever awake to the trend of the times. Plans 
for the big Spring flower shows should look forward, not 
merely one year, but two, and possibly three. 

Your committee at this time wishes to express its apprecia- 
tion of the work that Mr. Farrington, the secretary of this 
Society, did in connection with the advertising of the Spring 
flower show. At the same time it wishes to express its admira- 
tion for our show manager, Mr. Arno H. Nehrling, and to 
thank him for his untiring efforts in bringing the Spring show 
and the other shows of the year to their successful conclusions. 

To our president, Mr. Webster, we again turn, as a com- 
mittee, to thank him for all the time and thought that he so 
willingly put into our problems. 



100 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

And now as chairman of the Exhibition Committee, I would 
like to again offer my personal thanks to the individual mem- 
bers for their efforts throughout the past year in connection 
with all of the shows. 

Harold S. Ross, Chairman. 

Report of the Committee on Prizes 

With the ever-increasing scope of horticultural shows, not 
only in variety and excellence of exhibits, but also in educa- 
tional value, the demands put upon judges become more and 
more exacting and important. 

Competent judges of knowledge and ability do much with 
their criticism to raise the standards of exhibits, but human 
nature being what it is, it seems difficult to give satisfaction to 
every one. Situations are bound to develop which present 
difficulties to prize committees, but this committee is trying 
to improve conditions with constructive methods. For example, 
they have this year made a card catalogue with the names of 
people who might be available and whose talent for judging 
are known to the committee. These names have been divided 
into three groups, one for those who have had professional 
experience in design and history of art, another for experts in 
plant culture, such as professional gardeners and nurserymen, 
and the third for those qualified to judge from the aesthetic 
standpoint. 

For some time there has been in the Rule Book a suggestion 
that the report of the judges be made public. At the Spring 
show we tried this in a limited way and placed on exhibits that 
scored particularly well, having received permission of the 
exhibitors, the scoring and comments of the judges. This was 
favorably received and we hope to extend this practice by 
having the names of the judges appear with their comments 
and scoring. 

A revision of our scale of points is also to be worked out as 
judges found under our present headings no mention of color 
or charm, both decidedly important factors in horticultural 
arrangements. We hope also to revise our scales of points so 
that they will be more nearly identical with those of other large 
societies and thus facilitate the understanding of both ex- 
hibitors and judges. There is need too for a better definition 




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102 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

of a rock garden, also a clear understanding of what is a 
foundation planting and we are constantly asked and must be 
ready to answer "What is the Society's definition of a garden ?" 

We have found, especially at our large Spring show, that 
the judges are hurried and so must have more quiet time for 
their work. We therefore advise that the doors should not be 
opened to the public before 5 o'clock. This would give four hours 
in which the judges might work. 

We take pride in the representative gathering of judges who 
performed their work so expertly and we are deeply grateful 
for their interest and valuable assistance. 

William Ellery, Chadrman. 

Report of the Committee on the Exhibition of the 
Products of Children's Gardens 

On entering the exhibition of the products of children's 
gardens in Horticultural Hall, Boston, on August 30, I stood 
at the door for a few moments to enjoy the beauty of its 
Autumn or late Summer coloring in the well ordered display 
of red tomatoes and zinnias with golden squash and marigolds, 
and I thought of the confusion and clutter I used to see at 
these exhibitions. The small hall where many of the cut flowers 
were shown held a large and well labeled display of wild 
flowers. 

The flowers seemed to be all well arranged so as to keep 
fresh during the two days of the exhibition. The lecture hall 
was filled by exhibits made by the members of the 4-H Club — 
the four H's standing for head, hand, heart and health, and I 
should say all including happiness. At one- end of this hall 
was the front of a gray Cape Cod cottage with a grapevine 
growing to its roof and a garden in front in which phlox, 
petunias, marigolds and alyssum were growing. This cottage 
was put up by Merrick Price and John Hall, whose work we 
shall be interested to follow. Also in this hall on the long, 
central table were books of pressed wild flowers well mounted 
and labeled, also of pressed weeds, that the gardener might 
become familiar with them. There were two cases of well- 
mounted insects, that the small enemies which attack the crops 
might be studied. 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1935 103 

Sometimes I have felt that our young Americans do not 
possess the love of gardening which the Italian and Chinese 
children have, but if the exhibition shown this August in 
Horticultural Hall is any criterion of the future work of these 
boys and girls we need not despair for our American gardens, 
although we sigh at times for the great men who have left us. 

Marian Roby Case, Chairman. 



The Result of the Balloting 

The polls were closed at 4 p.m., 62 votes having been cast, 
and the following were declared elected : 

President, Edwin S. Webster 
Vice-President, Oakes Ames 
Trustees, Winthrop Carter 

Mrs. Homer Gage 

Samuel J. Goddard 

Harold S. Ross 

Mrs. Bayard Thayer 



Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society 



HONORARY MEMBER 

1900 Dr. Henry S. Pritciiett, New York. 



CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 

1925 D. M. Andrews, Boulder, Colorado. 

1925 Rudolph D. Anstead, Bournemouth, England. 

1921 J. F. Bailey, Director of the Botanic Gardens, Adelaide, South 

Australia. 
1889 Dr. L. H. Bailey, Ithaca, New York. 
1925 F. R. S. Balfour, Dawyck, Stobo, Peebleshire, Scotland. 
1911 W. J. Bean, 2, Mortlake Road, Kew, England. 
1918 Desire Bois, Paris, France. 

1925 I. H. Burkill, F.L.S., care the Royal Gardens, Kew, England. 
1925 G. H. Cave, Ashton-under-Hill, England. 

1922 Joseph Edgar Chamberlin, Boston, Mass. 

1921 Fred J. Chittenden, Director of the Royal Horticultural 
Society Gardens, Wisley, Ripley, Surrey, England. 

1925 Woon Young Chun, Sun Yatsen University, Canton, China. 

1921 Allister Clark, Glenara, Bulla, Victoria, Australia. 

1925 Henri Correvon, Geneva, Switzerland. 

1925 G. W. Darnell- Smith, Director of the Sydney Botanic Gardens, 
Sydney, New South Wales. 

1925 Henry F. duPont, Winterthur, Delaware. 

1925 Pierre S. duPont, Wilmington, Delaware. 

1925 Charles C. Eley, M.A., F.L.S., Suffolk, England. 

1925 I. B. Pole Evans, C.M.G., Chief of Division and Director 
Botanical Survey, Pretoria, South Africa. 

1925 G. Fraser, Ucluelet, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. 

1925 W. G. Freeman, B.S.C., F.L.S., Director of the Botanic Garden, 

Trinidad. 
1900 Beverly T. Galloway, Department of Agriculture, Washington, 

D. C. 
1918 Professor N. E. Hansen, Brookings, South Dakota. 
1925 Miss M. C. Hastie, Magnolia Gardens, South Carolina. 

105 



106 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

1911 Professor U. P. Hedrick, Geneva, New York. 

1925 Joseph Hers, Shanghai, China. 

1925 William Hertrick, San Gabriel, California. 

1925 Hermann A. Hesse, Weener, Germany. 

1925 M. Robert Hickel, Versailles, France. 

1925 Sir Arthur W. Hill, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London, 
England. 

1925 E. Hillier, Winchester, England. 

1897 J. W. Hoffman, Orangeburg, South Carolina. 

1925 R. E. Horsey, Rochester, New York. 

1925 Professor H. H. Hu, Fan Memorial Institute of Biology, 
Peking, China. 

1925 Mrs. C. L. Hutchinson, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin. 
1925 Hon. William M. Jardine, Washington, D. C. 
1925 Charles W. Knight, Oakdale, New York. 
1921 C. E. Lane-Poole, Canberra, Australia. 
1925 C. C. Laney, Rochester, New York. 
1875 G. F. B. Leighton, Norfolk, Virginia. 
1911 M. Emile Lemoine, Nancy, France. 
1925 Gerald W. E. Loder, M.A., F.L.S., Sussex, England. 
1925 Donald MacGregor, care Royal Gardens, Kew, England. 
1925 Sir John S. Maxwell, Pollokshaws, Scotland. 
1925 The Rt. Hon. Sir Herbert E. Maxwell, Bart, F.R.S., D.C.L., 
Wigtownshire, North Britain. 

1875 F. C. Maxwell, Geneva, New York. 
1925 John McLaren, San Francisco, California. 
1918 J. Horace McFarland, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. 
1925 Mrs. William Mercer, Doylestown, Pennsylvania. 
1925 Dr. Kingo Miyabe, Director of the Botanic Garden, Sapporo, 
Japan. 

1898 Sir Frederick W. Moore, Glasnevin, Dublin, Ireland. 

1918 Dr. George T. Moore, Botanical Gardens, St. Louis, Missouri. 

1925 F. Cleveland Morgan, Montreal, Canada. 

1887 Sir Daniel Morris, K.C.M.G., 14 Crabton Close, Boscombe, 

Hants, England. 
1925 M. L. Parde, Nogent-sur-Vernisson (Loiret), France. 
1906 Lt.-Col. Sir David Prain, Warlingham, Surrey, England. 
1925 Miss Isabel Preston, Ottawa, Canada. 



MEMBERS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 107 

1925 Johannes Rafn, Skovfrokontoret, Copenhagen, Denmark. 

1894 Cavaliere Enrico Raguso, Palermo, Sicily. 

1906 Dr. Henry L. Ridley, care Royal Gardens, Kew, England. 

1898 Benjamin Lincoln Robinson, Ph.D., Curator of the Gray 

Herbarium of Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. 
1921 L. Rod way, C.M.G., Government Botanist and Secretary, Botanic 
Gardens, Hobart, Tasmania. 

1899 William Salway, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

1925 Camillo Schneider, Charlottenburg, Germany. 

1925 F. L. Skinner, Dropmore, Manitoba. 

1925 Sir William Wright Smith, Royal Botanic Gardens, 
Edinburgh, Scotland. 

1925 Dr. H. Spaeth, Berlin-Baumschulenweg, Germany. 

1921 David Tannock, Superintendent, Botanic Gardens, Dunedin, 

New Zealand. 
1893 Professor William Trelease, Urbana, Illinois. 

1918 F. Gomer Waterer, Bagshot, Surrey, England. 

1925 Cyril T. White, Government Botanist, Brisbane, Queensland, 
Australia. 

1919 J. C. Williams, Gorran, Cornwall, England. 
1921 Gurney Wilson, Richmond, Surrey, England. 
1925 John C. Wister, Germantown, Pennsylvania. 

1925 Major A. C. T. Woodward, Bewdley, Worcestershire, England. 



NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1934 



Abbee, Mrs. Greenough, Squantum 
Abbott, Mrs. C. L., Laconia, N. H. 
Abbott, Mrs. H. E., Wellesley Farms 
Abbott, Mr. Robert J., Antrim, N. H. 
Achuff, Mrs. Gertrude, Newtonville 
Ackerman, Mrs. George, Nashua, N. H. 
Adams, Mrs. Aroline W., Salem 
Adams, Mrs. Cecil Quincy, Wellesley 

Hills 
Adams, Mrs. Ivers S., Hardwick 
Adams, Miss Pamelia S., Brookline 
Aldrich, Mrs. Helen Drake, Troy, N. Y. 
Alford, Miss Martha, Brookline 
Allen, Mr. Charles F., Medfield 
Allen, Miss E. Marguerite, Dedham 
Allen, Miss Gertrude E., Quincy 
Allen, Mrs. John J., Amesbury 
Allen, Mrs. Thomas, Brookline 
Amalia, Mr. Karl F., Wenham 
Anderson, Miss Dorothy M., Groton 
Anderson, Miss Edith E., Dorchester 
Anderson, Mrs. George L., Braintree 
Anderson, Mr. James, Lynn 
Anderson, Mrs. Reginald, Grafton 
Andrews, Mr. Henry N., Melrose High- 
lands 
Andrews, Mrs. Kate C, Brookline 
Angevine, Mrs. Hallie C, Belmont 
Anthony, Mrs. Arthur C, Marblehead 
Arey, Mr. Charles F., Salem 
Argersinger, Mrs. R. E., Waban 
Armstrong, Miss Mabel T., Hull 
Arrington, Mr. James, Wellesley Farms 
Ashbee, Miss C. E., Woburn 
Ashborn, Mr. A. B., Oakville, Conn. 
Atherton, Mrs. Louis M., Swampscott 
Atkinson, Mrs. Herbert J., South Sud- 
bury 
Atkinson, Mrs. J. H., Melrose 
Austin, Mrs. William D., Boston 
Ayres, Mr. Philip W., Waban 
Babbit, Mr. Lawrence A., Berkley 
Babson, Miss Helen P., Arlington 
Bacheller, Mr. Wesley, East Lynn 
Bacon, Mr. Anselm L., Newton Centre 
Baert, Mrs. Cora H., Stoneham 
Bailey, Mr. Earl P., Hinsdale, N. H. 
Bailey, Miss Helen G., Boston 
Bailey, Mrs. Herbert C, South Dart- 
mouth 
Baker, Mrs. Walter D., Hyannis 
Baldwin, Mr. Judson, Roxbury 
Ball, Mrs. Edith I., Waltham 
Ball, Mr. Lester W., Chelmsford 
Ball, Miss Pomona Sylvia, Waltham 
Ballantine, Mr. Edward, Cambridge 
Ballantine, Mrs. Edward, Cambridge 
Bancroft, Mr. G. Raymond, Winchester 
Bancroft, Mrs. Helen L., Reading 
Bannon, Mr. D. Edward, Hancock, N. H. 
Bardwell, Miss Marion E., Belchertown 
Barker, Mr. John Herbert, North Cam- 
bridge 



Barnes, Mrs. Charlotte A., Hillsborough 

Centre, N. H. 
Barney, Mrs. J. Dellinger, Boston 
Barnum, Mrs. Francis G., Brookline 
Baron, Mr. Milton, Springfield 
Barrie, Mrs. James R., Reading 
Barron, Mr. Carlos E., Westminster 
Barrows, Miss Grace C, Peabody 
Bartlett, Miss Alice M., Reading 
Bartlett, Mr. John P., New York City 
Batchelder, Mrs. Claire S., Tamworth, 

N. H. 
Batchelder, Miss Elizabeth A., North 

Reading 
Batchelder, Mrs. Foster R., North 

Reading 
Batchelder, Miss Mary E., Cambridge 
Bates, Mrs. Paul W., Marblehead 
Batson, Mrs. A. D., West Newton 
Bean, Mrs. Donald P., Chicago, 111. 
Bease, Mrs. Mary B., Wareham 
Beattie, Miss Eva L., Cambridge 
Becker, Mr. Louis C, Attleboro 
Beckman, Mrs. H. C, Plymouth 
Beckwith, Mrs. A. M., South Sudbury 
Beckwith, Mr. Albert, South Sudbury 
Beckwith, Mrs. Grace S., Cambridge 
Beede, Mr. Carl G., Wellesley Hills 
Beever, Mrs. William H,, Plymouth 
Behrend, Mrs. B. A., Wellesley Hills 
Belknap, Mr. Howard P., Newton Centre 
Bell, Mr. Charles J., Hollis, N. H. 
Bell, Mr. Edward L., Cambridge 
Benjamin, Mrs. J. B., Providence, Ky. 
Bennert, Mrs. Alfred L., Lawrence 
Benoit, Mrs. Arthur H., Maiden 
Bense, Mrs. William A., Walpole 
Benson, Mr. Henry J., West Roxbury 
Benton, Mrs. Frank M., Andover 
Berry, Mr. Gilbert A., Penacook, N. H. 
Besse, Mrs. Deborah H., Wareham 
Besse, Mr. Edward A., Wareham 
Beveridge, Mrs. Priscilla D., Lexington 
Billings, Mrs. Isabel Winship, Brighton 
Binford, Mrs. Wesley W., Brighton 
Bingham, Mr. William J., Wellesley 

Farms 
Binney, Mrs. Henry P., Milton 
Binney, Miss Polly, Groton 
Bishop, Mrs. John W., Paxton 
Bissell, Mrs. Paul A., Wellesley 
Black, Mr. S. Bruce, Waban 
Blake, Mr. Clarence D., Arlington 
Blake, Mrs. George, Saugus 
Blake, Mrs. George F., Worcester 
Blanchard, Mr. Benjamin C, Whitman 
Blanchard, Mrs. F. A., Boston 
Blanchard, Mrs. George W., Portland, 

Maine 
Bleiler, Mr. Everett F., Jamaica Plain 
Bleiler, Mr. Julius A., Jamaica Plain 
Blethen, Mr. Otis W., Swampscott 
Bliss, Miss Carrie C, Brookline 
Blood, Mrs. Roderic M., Newton Centre 



108 



NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1934 



109 



Boardman, Mrs. John, Concord 
Bock, Mrs. A. V., Cambridge 
Boger-Shattuck, Dr. Martha I., Ports- 
mouth, N. H. 
Boland, Mrs. Mary R., Cambridge 
Bollong, Mrs. Elbridge, Scituate 
Bolten, Mrs. John, Andover 
Boomhower, Miss Miriam, Danielson, 

Conn. 
Booth, Mr. Edward C. De Witt, New 

York 
Bornkessel, Mrs. Czarina P., Dedham 
Bottomley, Miss Marion R., Chartley 
Bouve, Miss Millicent, Hingham 
Bowden, Mrs. Frederick P., Melrose 
Bowler, Mrs. Ruth B., Worcester 
Bowman, Mr. Hubert E., North Acton 
Bowser, Mrs. Henry Reed, Wellesley 

Hills 
Boyce, Mrs. D. C, Cambridge 
Boyd, Miss Margaret, Dedham 
Boyd, Mrs. T. Kenneth, Chicago, 111. 
Bradford, Miss May S., East Pepperell 
Brady, Mrs. Edith M., Braintree 
Bragdon, Mrs. Horace E., Winthrop 
Bragdon, Miss Mary D., Quincy 
Brauer, Mrs. Nellie A., Roslindale 
Breding, Mr. Alberton D., Roslindale 
Brennan, Miss Margaret M., Somerville 
Brett, Miss Alice E., Needham 
Brett, Mr. Harrie I., Needham 
Bridges, Miss Ada M., Boston 
Brien, Mrs. James, Needham 
Briggs, Mrs. Susan L., Lincoln 
Broadbent, Mrs. Olive, Abington 
Brook, Mrs. Thorn E., Wellesley Hills 
Brookings, Mrs. Robert S., Washington, 

D.C. 
Brooks, Mr. Henry H., Concord 
Brooks, Miss Loura L., Gardner 
Brotz, Mr. John, Chelmsford 
Brown, Mrs. Curtland C, Beverly 
Brown, Miss Ellen E., Winchester 
Brown, Mrs. F. E., Braintree 
Brown, Mrs. George F., Salem 
Brown, Mr. George R., Boston 
Brown, Mr. George V., Hopkinton 
Brown, Mrs. George V., Hopkinton 
Brown, Mrs. Lawrence E., Middletown, 

R. I. 
Brown, Mr. Marshall L., Boston 
Brown, Miss Martha May, Dedham 
Brown, Mr. Walter Jackson, Winchester 
Brown, Mr. William G., Gloucester 
Brownell, Mrs. Ancy D., Portsmouth, 

N. H. 
*Buff, Miss Alice E. E., Jamaica Plain 
Bundy, Mrs. Harvey H., Boston 
Burda, Mr. August, Jamaica Plain 
Burgess, Mrs. Louise R., Grafton 
Burke, Mrs. Martin J., Brookline 
Burke, Mrs. W. M., West Roxbury 
Burnett, Dr. Francis L., Boston 



Burnham, Miss Alice E., Waltham 
Burnham, Mrs. George A., Cliftondale 
Burnham, Mr. John A., Marblehead 
Burnham, Mrs. Walter L., West Medford 
Burr, Mrs. Kenneth T., Portland, Maine 
Burtt, Miss Caroline J., Maiden 
Buschmann, Mrs. Marie, Boston 
Buswell, Miss Beulah M., Marblehead 
Butcher, Mrs. Charles H., Cambridge 
Butler, Mr. Aubrey B., Northampton 
Butterworth, Mrs. George T., Braintree 
Byrne, Mr. James G., Brighton 
Byrnes, Miss Edith, Waban 
Byrnes, Mrs. Hazel B., Wakefield 
Cabot, Mrs. Charles C, Needham 
Cabot, Mrs. Harry D., Newtonville 
Cabot, Mrs. Henry B., Chestnut Hill 
Caldwell, Mrs. Alexander G., Waban 
Campbell, Mrs. Alice C, Brockton 
Campbell, Mrs. G. E., Wakefield 
Campbell, Mr. John M., West Concord 
Campbell, Miss Laura M., East Milton 
Caproni, Mr. Alfred George, Jr., East 

Lynn 
Carey, Mrs. Margaret F., Worcester 
Carlson, Mrs. H. J., Brighton 
Carlton, Mr. U. M., North Cambridge 
Carr, Mr. John, Melrose 
Carr, Mr. Walter E., North Plymouth 
Carr, Mr. Wilfred, Maiden 
Carruthers, Mr. Ralph G., West Roxbury 
Carson, Mr. Howard F., Oxford 
Carter, Mrs. A. F., Hampton, Conn. 
Carter, Mrs. Albert J., Hyde Park 
• Carter, Mrs. Eva M., Boston 
Carter, Mr. Roy G., Marlborough 
Casey, Miss Rita, Woonsocket, R. I. 
Caughey, Mr. Joseph H., Waltham 
Chadwell, Mrs. H. M., Lexington 
Chadwick, Mrs. Frank N., Ward Hill 
Chapman, Mrs. E. D., Marblehead 
Chase, Mrs. Amy C, North Sandwich, 

N. H. 
Chase, Mrs. Percy, Wellesley Hills 
Chase, Mr. William F., Boston 
Cheney, Mrs. Bessie B., Fitchburg 
Cheney, Mrs. Frank E., Winthrop High- 
lands 
Cherry, Mrs. E. M., Eastport, Maine 
Chilman, Mr. Arthur E., Hulls Cove, 

Maine 
Chilson, Mrs. Lewis S., Attleboro 
Chisholm, Mr. William, Marblehead 
Choate, Mrs. Robert, Danvers 
Christie, Mr. Chester J., Westborough 
Chute, Mr. Oliver, Whitinsville 
Ciccone, Mr. Frank, Newton 
Clapp, Miss Elizabeth, Groton 
Clark, Mrs. Albert H., Needham 
Clark, Miss Alice G., Lawrence 
Clark, Miss Elizabeth L., Jamestown, 

R. I. 
Clark, Miss Gertrude M., Cambridge 



*Life Members. 



110 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Clark, Mr. Nathan, Beach Bluff 
Clark, Mrs. Oliver D., Swampscott 
Clarke, Mrs. Carita, Cornwall Bridge, 

Conn. 
Cle worth, Mrs. Harold B., Melrose 
Clough, Mr. Roy F., Marblehead 
Cobb, Mr. Frank L., Hingham 
Cody, Miss Katharine F., Whitman 
Coes, Mrs. John H., Worcester 
Cogswell, Miss Sarah E., Framingham 
Cohen, Mr. Max, Lynn 
Colby, Mrs. Herbert W., Newton High- 
lands 
Colby, Miss Maude E., Dorchester 
Colcord, Mrs. E. L., Belfast, Maine 
Cole, Mr. A. E., Salem 
Cole, Miss Anna P., Chestnut Hill 
Cole, Mrs. Edward D., Wellesley 
Cole, Mrs. Russell, Nashua, N. H. 
Coleman, Miss Emma L., Boston 
Coleman, Miss Grace A., Portland, Maine 
Colton, Miss Dorothea, Jamaica Plain 
Conary, Mrs. Hoyt, Concord 
Congdon, Mr. Arthur B., Peace Dale, 

R. I. 
Conlon, Mr. J. F., Bradford 
Conner, Mr. George E., Greenwood 
Connor, Mr. John H., Boston 
Conrad, Mr. J. Alfred, Marlboro 
Cook, Mrs. C .P., Arlington 
Cook, Mrs. Charles D., Providence, R. I. 
Cook, Miss Mildred E., Milton 
Cooper, Mr. S. T., Medford 
Copeland, Mrs. M. T., Cambridge 
Corey, Mrs. Preston E., Winchester 
Cornell, Mr. Charles M., Arlington 
Corson, Mrs. Grace B., Rochester, N. H. 
Corvino, Mr. Angelo, Cambridge 
Courchene, Mrs. Frances B., Hyde Park 
Covel, Mr. N. Edwin, Newtonville 
Covel, Mrs. Thomas D., Fall River 
Covington, Miss Alice B., Wollaston 
Cox, Mr. Allyn, New York, N. Y. 
Cox, Mrs. Channing, Boston 
Cox, Mrs. Edward E., Newton Highlands 
Cox, Mrs. Elizabeth R., Wakefield 
*Coyne, Miss Florence, Jamaica Plain 
Crane, Mr. H. L., Westwood 
Crane, Mrs. Myrtle F., East Milton 
Craven, Mr. A. B., Boston 
Creed, Mrs. Annie B., Dover, N. H. 
Crocker, Mrs. Eleanor B., Milton 
Cromack, Miss Alice P., Melrose High- 
lands 
Crosby, Mrs. Arthur P., Swampscott 
Croughwell, Mrs. Loretto A., West Pea- 
body 
Crouse, Mrs. Ellie S., Copper Cliff, Ont. 
Crowley, Miss Ellen F., Boston 
Crowley, Mrs. Herbert L., Belmont 
Crysler, Mrs. H. Stanley, Lowell 
Cudworth, Mrs. Grace F., Marshfield 

Hills 
Cully, Miss Edith F., Fitchburg 



Cummings, Mr. Joseph, Reading 
Cummings, Mrs. Margaret B., Onset 
Cuneo, Mrs. Everett, Wellesley Hills 
Cunningham, Mr. Alan, Brookline 
Cunningham, Mrs. N. A., Bolton 
Curley, Miss Marion Mae, Medford 
Ourrie, Mr. T. G., Arlington Heights 
Currier, Mrs. Edward B., Winthrop 
Currier, Mrs. W. Eugene, Leominster 
Curry, Mrs. E. Norman, Litchfield, Conn. 
Curtis, Mrs. Charles H., Jamaica Plain 
Curtis, Mrs. Charles P., Jr., Norfolk 
Curtis, Mrs. Charles W., Jr., Marlboro 
Gushing, Mrs. Gwendolyn L., Shirley 

Centre 
Cushman, Mrs. Frank, Needham 
Cushman, Mr. Harlas L., Middleboro 
Cushman, Mr. Norman L., Winchester 
Cushman, Mrs. Robert H., Monson 
Cutler, Mr. Donald F., Dover 
Cutt, Mrs. Richard, Swampscott 
D aland, Miss Geneva A., Wakefield 
Daley, Miss Anna J., Arlington 
Damon, Mrs. Harry F., Maiden 
Damon, Mrs. Lindsay, Alton, N. H. 
Dane, Mrs. William B., Marblehead 
Daniel, Mr. Theodore M., Woburn 
Daniels, Miss Jennie W., East Walpole 
Darling, Mrs. Charles K., Concord 
Davenport, Mr. Russell S., Marlboro 
Davey, Mr. Walter F, Somerville 
Davis, Mr. Arnold M., Amherst 
Davis, Miss Eleanor S., Boston 
Davis, Mr. Roy E., Brockton 
Davis, Mrs. Tenney L., Norwell v 
Davis, Mrs. W. J., Medfield 
Day, Mr. E. W., Lakeville, Conn. 
Day, Mr. Fred, Stoughton 
Deacy, Mrs. J. J., Methuen 
Dearborn, Mrs. E. E., Boston 
Delaney, Mrs. M. L., Roslindale 
Dennett, Mrs. Carl Pullen, Boston 
Densmore, Mrs. J. M., Newton Centre 
DePetris, Mr. V. R., Grosse Pointe, 

Mich. 
Derby, Mr. H. Hasket, Nairn, La. 
Detheridge, Mrs. F. W., Stoneham 
De Vinney, Mr. Robert Hugh, Framing- 
ham Centre 
Dexter, Mrs. Franklin, Boston 
Diaz, Mr. Ralph Morton, Belmont 
Dinsmoor, Mrs. George W., Lawrence 
Doak, Mr. A. H., Middleboro, Ky. 
Dolansky, Mr. Joseph F., Lynn 
Donnell, Mr. John, Walpole 
Douglas, Mrs. Edward A., Newton 

Centre 
Douglas, Miss Elizabeth M., Quincy 
Douglass, Mr. Kenneth R., Boston 
Dow, Miss Annie M., Exeter, N. H. 
Dow, Mr. Dana F., Reading 
Dowling, Mr. William, T., Jamaica Plain 
Downer, Mr. Robert J., Dover 
Downey, Mr. Joseph L., Dorchester 



NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1934 



111 



Downing, Mrs. Irving G., Haverhill 
Drake, Mrs. Laura B., Newton 
Draper, Mrs. James B., Canton 
Draper, Mrs. Robert, Canton 
Drew, Mr. George A., Westford 
Drew, Miss H. Louise, Wellesley 
Drysdale, Miss Molly, Groton 
Duley, Mrs. Blanche S., East Northfield 
Dunbar, Mrs. Mabel Spaulding, Mans- 
field 
Dunn, Mr. Richard J., Newton Centre 
Dunnell, Mrs. Raymond L., Bernardston 
Dunning, Mr. Henry, Allston 
Durham, Mrs. Horace 0., Wellesley 
Durland, Mrs. Clarence B., North Wil- 
mington 
Durward, Mrs. Jacqueline G., Dover, 

N. H. 
Dustin, Mrs. M. H., Rochester, N. H. 
Dutton, Mrs. O. Deane, Dedham. 
Eager, Miss Mary F., Roxbury 
Eastman, Miss Ella F., Exeter, N. H. 
Eaton, Mrs. Charles C, Dover, N. H. 
Eberg, Miss Ebba E., Vineyard Haven 
Eberhartt, Mr. Christian, Lawrence 
Eddy, Mr. Julian, Simsbury, Conn. 
Eddy, Miss Pauline, Glens Falls, N. Y. 
Eddy, Col. Robert C, Belmont 
Edgerton, Mrs. H. 0., Belmont 
Edmands, Mr. Edward T., Auburndale 
Edmunds, Mr. John M., Boston 
Ekberg, Mrs. Bettie 0., Dedham 
Elliot, Mrs. H. A., Barnet, Vt. 
Elliott, Mr. Irving S., Dorchester 
Ellis, Mr. Alexander, Belmont 
Ellis, Mrs. W. E., Haverhill 
Ellison, Mrs. Florence H., Framingham 

Centre 
Ely, Mr. A. C, Watertown 
Emerson, Mrs. K. B., Sharon 
Emerson, Mr. Robert G., Newton 
Emery, Mr. Allan C, Weymouth Heights 
Emery, Mrs. E. A., Winchester 
Emery, Mrs. Fred P., Hanover, N. H. 
English, Mrs. Walter C, Beach Bluff 
Erfing, Mr. Clifford L., Milton 
Erhard, Mrs. Henry A., Boston 
Erickson, Mrs. A. W., Jr., Swampscott 
Estabrook, Mrs. Clarence W., Wolfeboro, 

N. H. 
Ewing, Mrs. Mary Cross, Wellesley 
Ewing, Mr. Robert B., Brockton 
Fabyan, Mrs. Harry C, Boston 
Fairchild, Mrs. Gladys S. N., Reading 
Farrington, Mr. George B., Salem 
Faunce, Mr. Clarence S., Fowlerville, 

Mich. 
Fawcett, Miss Edith M., Cambridge 
Fay, Mrs. Joseph S., Sherborn 
Fellows, Mrs. W. H., Boston 
Felt, Mrs. George R., Peabody 
Ferreira, Mr. George A., West Roxbury 
Field, Mrs. R. D., Cambridge 
Findlater, Mrs. James, Mansfield 



Findlay, Mrs. David, Kansas City, Mo. 
Finley, Mrs. John H., Jr., Cambridge 
Finnegan, Mrs. Thomas H., Stoneham 
Finucane, Miss Mary, Lakeview, Mich. 
Fischer, Miss Alice, Arlington 
Fish, Mr. Erland F., Brookline 
Fisher, Mrs. Lewis A., Wellesley 
Fisher, Miss Marian 0., West Roxbury 
Fison, Mr. Herbert W., Maiden 
Fitch, Miss Lucy, Mattapan 
Fitch, Mr. Stanley G. H., Cambridge 
Fitz, Mrs. Charles N., Chatham 
Flagg, Miss Georgia M., Melrose High- 
lands 
Flemings, Mrs. Ethel W., Sharon 
Flet, Miss Alice B., Salem 
Fletcher, Mr. Arthur, Wellesley Hills 
*Fletcher, Mr. Arthur W., Cambridge 
Fletcher, Mrs. Ralph A., Westford 
Flint, Mrs. Lester E., Weston 
Flynn, Mr. George, Mattapan 
Foley, Mr. Fred F., Princeton 
Forbes, Miss Helen C, Westboro 
Forbes, Mrs. Howard M., Cambridge 
*Forbes, Mr. Stewart A., Lenox 
Forbes, Mrs. W. Stuart, Jr., Beverly 
Forbes, Mrs. William Stuart, Hamilton 
Ford, Mrs. Ambrose C, Clifton Forge, 

Va. 
Foster, Mr. E. H., Danvers 
Foster, Mr. Edward S., West Roxbury 
Foster, Miss Julia, Beverly 
Foster, Miss Katharine M., Saugus 
Foster, Miss Marjorie L., Hingham 
Fottler, Miss B. W., Dedham 
Fountain, Mr. H. E., Needham 
Fox, Mrs. Daniel G., Mattapan 
Fox, Miss Margaret A., Freeport, L. I., 

N. Y. 
Fox, Mrs. Matthew J., Brookline 
Fox, Mr. Walter S., Wellesley Hills 
Frail, Mrs. Charles P., West Newton 
Francis, Mrs. Douglass B., Newton 

Centre 
Frary, Mrs. Minnie C, Newton High- 
lands 
Fratus, Mr. Catano, Boston 
Freeman, Mrs. J. Collie, Westwood 
Freeman, Mr. Maurice T., Winchester 
Freeman, Mrs. Olive A., Kingston 
French, Miss Clara M., Cambridge 
French, Mrs. Donald L., Campello 
Frost, Mrs. Ferdinand A., Haverhill 
Frylink, Mr. Adrian, Babylon, L. I., 

N. Y. 
Fuller, Mr. George W., Dedham 
Fuller, Mr. J. Edward, Worcester 
Funnell, Mrs. Wilfred G., Wollaston 
Gaffney, Mr. Gerald John, Winchester 
Gallagher, Miss Frances A., Jamaica 

Plain 
Gallagher, Mrs. Percival, Brookline 
Gallagher, Mrs. R. A., Franklin 
Gallagher, Mrs. W. W., Needham 



112 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Gambles, Mr. Ernest E., Boston 
Gardnei', Mr. Harry E., Newton High- 
lands 
Gardner, Mrs. Jane Clarke, Buzzards 

Bay 
Garfield, Miss Eleanor, Boston 
Garrity, Miss Katherine G., Jamaica 

Plain 
Geddes, Miss Helen, Brookline 
Gems, Miss Charlotte, Boston 
George, Mrs. Prank W., "Worcester 
Gerhard, Mr. Martin, Lincoln 
Ghirardini, Mrs. Virgil, Winchester 
Gifford, Mr. W. B., Brookline 
Gilchrist, Mr. W. Erwin, Boston 
Gilkey, Miss Malina A., Magnolia 
Gillis, Mr. Libius V., Portland, Maine 
Gilmore, Mrs. E. J., Lowell 
Ginsburg, Miss Sofia, Cambridge 
Glover, Mrs. Nelson, West Newton 
Gluckler, Mrs. Edward, Winthrop 
Goehl, Mr. Henry C, Jamaica Plain 
Goff, Mrs. Merrick L., Barrington, R. I. 
Gold, Miss Rae, Boston 
Goldsmith, Miss Emily L., Auburndale 
Goodale, Mrs. Margaret M., Wakefield 
Goodwin, Mr. Cecil N., Dorchester 
Gordon, Mr. George K., Waltham 
Gornett, Mrs. Hames R., East Rochester, 

N. H. 
Gorney, Mr. Elijah S., Boston 
Goss, Mrs. H. H., Providence, R. I. 
Goss, Mr. William E., Somerville 
Gould, Mrs. Allan B., Chelmsford 
Grady, Mr. Raymond G., Jamaica Plain 
Graham, Mrs. John H., West Roxbury 
Gramstorff, Mr. Herman P., Maiden 
Grandin, Miss Isabella, Boston 
Graves, Mrs. Roger C, Newton Centre 
Gray, Mr. Donald C, Boston 
Gray, Mr. Joseph C, Winchester 
Gray, Miss Minnie C, Lowell 
Green, Miss Dorothy, Arlington 
Greene, Mrs. Raymond W., Winter Park, 

Fla. 
Greene, Mr. William Chase, Cambridge 
Greenleaf, Mrs. Harry W., West Acton 
Greenlaw, Mrs. Alonzo A., Milton 
Gregg, Mrs. Walter H., Watertown 
Griffin, Mrs. Daniel W., Braintree 
Griggs, Mrs. Anna S., Waltham 
Griggs, Mrs. Clifford S., Waltham 
Griggs, Mrs. Thomas I., Waltham 
Grimes, Dr. Loring, Swampscott 
Gring, Mrs. Paul, Cambridge 
Grise, Mr. Lucien A., Boston 
Groff, Mrs. U. G., South Amherst 
Grohe, Mr. H. B., Swampscott 
Grove, Miss Gertrude, Groton 
Guiles, Mrs. Philip, Newton Centre 
Guptill, Mrs. Este'lle, Rochester, N. H. 
Guptill, Miss Grace B., Seabrook, N. H. 
Gurney, Mr. Thomas L.D., North Quincy 



Haberstroh, Mrs. Emil P., Newton 

Highlands 
Hackett, Mr. Charles E., Taunton 
Hadley, Mrs. Edward L., Cambridge 
Haertel, Mrs. May, Boston 
Hagar, Mrs. John D., Jr., Arlington 
Hager, Dr. F. D., Brookline 
Hale, Mrs. Albert, Dedham 
Hale, Mr. Ralph T., Winchester 
Hale, Mrs. Margaret G., Winchester 
Hale, Mrs. Richard K., BrOokline 
Hale, Mrs. Richard W., Needham 
Hall, Mr. Charles, Watertown 
Hall, Mrs. Francis Cooley, Chestnut Hill 
Hall, Mr. George E., Melrose 
Hall, Mrs. Herbert J., Marblehead 
Hall, Mrs. Isaac, West Medford 
Hall, Mr. John O., Quincy 
Hall, Mr. Theodore I., Boston 
Hallin, Miss Florence E., Maiden 
Hamblet, Mrs. George W., Lawrence 
Hamill, Miss Helen B., Worcester 

* Hamilton, Mr. John Waldo, Worcester 

* Hamilton, Mr. Ormond, Worcester 
Hammond, Mrs. H. E., Boston 
Handy, Miss Louise, Marion 
Hanna, Mr. William, Attleboro 
Hanson, Mrs. Arthur L., Dover, N. H. 
Hanson, Mrs. H. H., Waverley 
Hanson, Miss Myrtle C, Assonet 
Hapgood, Mrs. Lyman S., Cambridge 
Harding, Mrs. Edward, Brookline 
Hardwick, Mrs. Huntington R., 

Brookline ; 

Hargraves, Mrs. Harry N., Jamaica 

Plain 
Harlow, Miss Grace, Brockton 
Harlow, Mrs. Wallace F., Bridgewater 
Harrington, Miss Marguerita C, Boston 
Harris, Mrs. Herbert, Providence, R. I. 
Harris, Mrs. James G., West Medforl 
Harris, Mrs. Martena S., Dedham 
Harrison, Miss Edith, Atlanta, Ga. 
Hart, Mrs. C. M., Brookline 
Hartley, Mrs. Emma, Cliftondale 
Harvey, Mrs. Charles N., South Berwick, 

Me. 
Harvey, Mrs. Ervin A., Melrose 
Harvey, Dr. J. Ericsson, Milton 
Harvey, Mrs. W. H., Waltham 
Harwood, Mrs. Channing E., Middle- 
town, Conn. 
Harwood, Mrs. Robert W., Cambridge 
Haskell, Mrs. A. W., Brunswick, Me. 
Hatch, Miss G. E., Stamford, Conn. 
Hathaway, Mr. John W., North 

Wilmington 
Hay, Miss Ruth L., West Newton 
Hayes, Mr. David, Melrose 
Hayes, Mrs. Jennie, Gonic, N. H. 
Hayes, Mrs. Kenneth L., West Newton 
Hayward, Mr. Edward C, Randolph 
Hayward, Mrs. Harry, Woodfords, Me. 



*Life Members. 



NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1934 



113 



Hazen, Miss Annie D., White River 

Junction, Vt. 
Head, Mr. Julian, Newton Centre 
Healey, Mrs. George E., Wollaston 
Heath, Mr. M. W., Newton 
Heath, Mrs. Reginald C, Brookline 
Heaton, Mr. I. W., Orlando, Fla. 
Hebert, Mr. Arnold J., Everett 
Hedge, Miss Audrey, Fairhaven 
Hedge, Mrs. Lothrop, Fairhaven 
Heintz, Mrs. George, Winchester 
Henderson, Mrs. Edgar H., Williams- 
town 
Henderson, Mr. Franklin 0., Brookline 
Henderson, Mrs. Harry P., Dover, N. H. 
Henzler, Mrs. M. L., West Roxbury 
Hepp, Mrs. Arnold, Atlanta, Ga. 
Hersey, Mr. Ira G., Hingham 
Herter, Mr. Christian A., Boston 
Hewitt, Mr. Henry Ide, Winthrop 
Heywood, Mr. Jerome A., Gardner 
Higgins, Miss Evalyn D., Dover 
Higgins, Mrs. Warren J., West Roxbury 
Hilborne, Mr. E. W., Gardner 
Hill, Mrs. Alfred T., Ashburnham 
Hill, Mrs. G. J., Boston 
Hintlian, Mrs. Margaret T., Winchester 
Hoar, Mrs. Carl S., Williamstown 
Hodge, Miss Carrie L., Holbrook 
Hodges, Mrs. Abigail, Nahant 
Hodges, Mrs. Charles Roland, Raynham 

Center 
Hoff, Mr. Frank S., Needham 
Hoffman, Mrs. Bernard, Stockbridge 
Holbrook, Miss Calista C, Brookline 
Holcomb, Mr. Henry L., South Dart- 
mouth 
Holden, Mr. A. A., Stoneham 
Holder, Mrs. W. S., Swampscott 
Holland, Mr. Bert E., Boston 
Holland, Miss Lillian M., Haverhill 
Hollister, Mr. S. P., Storrs, Conn. 
Holt, Mrs. Francis S., New Bedford 
Holt, Miss Mary A., Somerville 
Holway, Miss Edith M., Roxbury 
Holzer, Mr. Albert, Hyde Park 
Holzer, Mr. Henry U., Roslindale 
Hood, Miss Louisa B., Boston 
Hood, Mrs. Frederic C, Boston 
Hooper, Mr. Harry E., Beverly 
Hopkins, Mr. Edward L., South Boston 
Hopkins, Miss Lucy M., Winthrop 
Hord, Miss Nellie M., Boston 
Hornberger, Mr. F. C, Hamburg, N. Y. 
Horovitz, Mrs. Sara R., Wakefield 
Horton, Mrs. Charles A., Providence, 

R.I. 
Hosley, Miss Lillian M., Kingston, N. H. 
Houghton, Mr. Kenneth W., Dedham 
Houser, Mrs. Horace M., Marblehead 
Hovey, Mr. Philip R., Lowell 
Howard, Mr. Allen E., Amherst, N. H. 
Howard, Mrs. Ida M., Framingham 
Howard, Miss L. Gladys, Framingham 



Howe, Mrs. Beatrice S., Arlington 
Howe, Mr. Dudley R., Brookline 
Howe, Mrs. R. H., Belmont 
Howell, Mr. Clarence, West Newton 
Howie, Mrs. David H., Rowley 
Howland, Mr. Weston, Milton 
Hoyt, Mrs. L. L., Lexington 
Hubbard, Mrs. Richard, Hamilton 
Hudson, Miss Edith N., East Lynn 
Huffington, Mrs. Paul, Bridgewater 
Huggins, Mrs. Hester B., Cambridge 
Hughes, Mr. Melville L., Jamaica Plain 
Huguley, Mrs. May E., Swampscott 
Hunt, Mrs. F. T., South Weymouth 
Hunt, Miss Marion L., Boston 
Hunter, Miss Margery, Wellesley 
Huntress, Mrs. H. C, Allerton 
Husted, Mrs. Clifford M., Worcester 
Hutchins, Mrs. Kenneth, West Medford 
Hutchinson, Mrs. Maynard, West Newton 
Hydren, Mr. Arthur C., Belmont 
Ingham, Mr. William P., Belmont 
Ingram, Mrs. Walter, Waban 
Jack, Mrs. Edwin E., Brookline 
Jackson, Mrs. Howard B., Melrose 
Jackson, Mr. Wm. M., Framingham 
Jacobs, Miss May, Boston 
Jacoby, Mrs. Douglas, Newport, R. I. 
Jamieson, Mrs. Anna D., Newton Centre 
Jaques, Mr. William C, Melrose 
Jarvis, Mrs. Harold L., Melrose 
Jenckes, Mrs. Lawrence B., Cambridge 
Jenkins, Miss Jessie L., Salem 
Jenks, Miss M. Pearl, Belmont 
' Jenness, Mr. Cyrus F., Waban 
Jennison, Mr. Marshall W., Belmont 
Jewell, Mr. Everett L., Merrimac 
Jewell, Mrs. Theodore E., Newton 
Jewett, Miss Edith P., Milton 
Jewett, Mr. Kenneth E., East Boothbay, 

Me. 
Johnson, Mrs. Britta Linden, West 

Newton 
Johnson, Mr. Carl J., Brockton 
Johnson, Mrs. Charlton, Haverhill 
Johnson, Mrs. Elmer E. B., Auburndale 
Johnson, Mrs. J. Leonard, Newton 

Centre 
Johnson, The Rev. S. Lawrence, Salem 
Johnson, Mr. Victor E., Roslindale 
Johnston, Mrs. Ivan M., Cambridge 
Jones, Mr. Alfred H., Boston 
Jones, Mr. Edwin E., Waban 
Jones, Mrs. Eliot N., Boston 
Jones, Miss Frances B., Bolton 
Jones, Miss May, Stoneham 
Jones, Mrs. Westley, Newton 
Josifko, Mr. Frank, Madison, Conn. 
Joslin, Mrs. Ralph E., Winchester 
Joyce, Mrs. John C, Narragansett Pier, 

R. I. 
Judkins, Miss Maude E., Franklin, N. H. 
Julin, Miss Bernice, Boston 
Kattwinkel, Mrs. Egon E., Auburndale 



114 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Kazanjian, Dr. V. H., Belmont 
Keane, Mr. John J., Forest Hills 
Kearons, Mrs. William M., Fall River 
*Keene, Mr. Alden Vinal, Watertown 
Keene, Mrs. William G., Lynn 
Keinston, Mr. Charles E., Ipswich 
Kellogg, Mrs. David M., Weston 
Kelly, Mrs. Harvey A., Winthrop 
Kelly, Mr. Hugh Patrick, Wellesley Hills 
Kemp, Mr. Charles W., Walpole 
Kendall, Miss Dorothy, Cambridge 
Kendall, Mrs. F. L., Rochester, N. H. 
Kent, Miss Madeleine, Egypt 
Kerr, Mr. James A., Everett 
Kershaw, Mrs. Francis S., Cambridge 
Keyes, Mr. 0. H., Middleboro 
Keyes, Mrs. Ray T., Deerfield 
Kidder, Mrs. Edna F., New London, 

N. H. 
Kiley, Mr. Daniel U., West Roxbury 
Killam, Mr. Roger W., Cambridge 
Kimball, Miss Edwina A., Quincy 
Kimball, Mrs. Henry H., Melrose 
Kimball, Mrs. Robert, Swampscott 
Kinard, Mrs. Kerwin, South Hamilton 
King, Mr. Henry P., Portland, Me. 
Kingan, Mr. A. E. J., Plymouth 
Kingman, Mrs. Mae B., Belmont 
Kingsbury, Mrs. E. H., West Newton 
Kinnie, Mrs. L. A., Melrose Highlands 
Knapp, Mrs. Herbert R., Boston 
Kneeland, Mr. William R., Winchester 
Knight, Miss M. Louise, Roxbury 
Knowlton, Mrs. M. Louise, Auburndale 
Knox, Mrs. H. H. Stonington, Conn. 
Kofsky, Mr. Louis, Belmont 
Koopman, Mrs. C. M., West Roxbury 
Krieger, Mrs. William L., Wollaston 
Kroeck, Mr. Julius, Reading 
Kummer, Miss Lucy, Medford 
Kurth, Mr. Frederick W., Milton 
Kurth, Mrs. Henry R., Cambridge 
Kutz, Miss Mary F., Wellesley 
Lahti, Mr. Matthew, Boston 
Lair, Mr. Carl C, Swampscott 
Lakeman, Mr. Emory C, Danvers 
Lakin, Miss Gertrude H., Roxbury 
Lamb, Miss E. Josephine, Belmont 
Lambert, Miss Angie F., Lyme, N. H. 
Lamont, Miss J. Grace, Brookline 
Lamont, Mr. John, Lexington 
Lamphrey, Mr. Charles, Sudbury 
Lamson, Mrs. Lillian A., Arlington 
Landberg, Mrs. E. Harry, Dorchester 
Lane, Mrs. H. R., Boston 
Langmaid, Mrs. John F., Swampscott 
Lapham, Mrs. F. A., Braintree 
La Porte, Mr. Philip J., Lowell 
Larose, Mrs. A. J., Haverhill 
Lawrence, Mrs. F. L., Belmont 
Lawrence, Mr. John S., Boston 
Lawton, Mr. Lester L., Fitchburg 
Leary, Mrs. Mary E., Bridgewater 



Leavis, Miss May H., Boston 
Lee, Mrs. Gertrude W., Concord 
Lee, Mrs. Halfdan, Brookline 
Lee, Dr. Roger Irving, Brookline 
Leffler, Miss Anna Rose, Waban 
Leighton, Mr. Benjamin H., Newtonville 
Leighton, Mrs. Helen L., Newtonville 
Leland, Mrs. Richard C, East Green- 
wich, R. I. 
Lester, Mr. Edwin, Stoneham 
Lewis, Mrs. W. E., West Rupert, Vt. 
Libbey, Mr. Joseph E., Melrose 
Lilly, Miss Anne M., Cambridge 
Lincoln, Mrs. T. W., Quincy 
Lindan, Mrs. Ruth E., Boston 
Linscott, Mrs. R. N., Stoneham 
Little, Mrs. Agnes M., Marion 
Little, Mr. Henry W., Newburyport 
Little, Mrs. Malcolm G., Braintree 
Little, Mrs. T. W., Boston 
Livermore, Mrs. Robert, Topsfield 
Lockerby, Miss Anna C, Nashua, N. H. 
Lofberg, Mrs. Grace Ward, Orange 
Loft, Mrs. Allen, Plymouth 
Longley, Mrs. Hattie A., Marlboro 
Lord, Mr. Arthur B., Melrose 
Lord, Miss Christine R., Belmont 
Loring, Mr. Wilfred, Hingham 
Loud, Mrs. John A., Belmont 
Loud, Mr. Ned C, Wakefield 
Lounsbury, Mrs. Frances E., Medford 
Lovequist, Miss Ruth, West Somerville 
Lovering, Mrs. Ernest, Brookline 
Lovett, Miss Caroline A., West Newton 
Lowd, Mrs. H. M., Swampscott 
Lowe, Mr. Arthur W., Stoughton 
Lowell, Mr. James H., Chestnut Hill 
Lowman, Mrs. Emily S., Willimantic, 

Conn. 
Ludwig, Mrs. May F., Brookline 
Luther, Mrs. C. Fisher, Milton 
Lutz, Mrs. Brenton R., Melrose 
Lyall, Mr. G. Harold, Melrose 
Lyman, Mrs. Arthur, Waltham 
Lyman, Mrs. T. P., Great Barrington 
Lynam, Miss Mabel L., Portland, Me. 
Lynde, Mrs. Leslie E., Wollaston 
Lyons, Mr. John A., Lexington 
Lyons, Mr. Raymond E., Randolph 
Lytle, Miss Edwina M., Needham 
MacDermid, Mr. Neil, Brookline 
Macdonald, Mrs. L. S., Brockton 
MacGlashan, Mrs. Elizabeth Q., Dedham 
Mackinnon, Mr. Albert P., Wakefield 
MacKnight, Mr. Dodge, East Sandwich 
MacLellan, Mr. John H., Lynnfield 
Macmillan, Mrs. Gordon, North River, 

P. E. I., Canada 
Madlener, Mrs. Albert F., Sr., Chicago, 

111. 
Magee, Miss Louise J., Boston 
Malnate, Mr. Charles J., Wellesley Hills 
Maloney, Miss Mary G., Dorchester 



*Life Members. 



NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1934 



115 



Manhire, Mr. Walter P., Quincy 
Mann, Mr. Frank Chester, Boston 
Manning Mr. Edward C, Wilmington 
Marlow, Dr. P. William, Jr., Brookline 
Marnell, Mr. Wm. T., Medford 
Marshall, Mr. Laurence K., Cambridge 
Marshall, Miss Myrtle R., Brighton 
Martin, Mr. John Willard, Hurtsboro, 

Ala. 
Martin, Mr. William H., Somerville 
Mason, Mrs. Edward 0., Winchester 
Mason, Miss J. H., Medford 
Mason, Mr. R. W., Groton 
Mason Mr. Vernon, Melrose 
Massa, Mrs. Amelia, East Boston 
Massey, Miss Helen Judd, Winchester 
May, Mr. Edward D., Dorchester 
Maynard, Mr. Clarence D., Belmont 
McArthur, Mrs. Wm. C, Needham 
McAvoy, Mr. Warren E., Williamsburg 
McCabe, Mr. Earl, Wrentham 
McCaul, Miss Margaret J., Waltham 
McCollester, Mr. Lee S., Tufts College 
McCreary, Mrs. Louis S., Belmont 
McCue, Mr. Edward F., Milton 
McDermott, Mrs. Charles W., Boston 
*McDonouth, Mr. James A., West Rox- 

bury 
McFall, Mrs. Kay, Boston 
McGill, Miss Harriette, West Medford 
McGlenen, Rev. Edward W., West- 
borough 
McGowan, Mrs. John, Norfolk Downs 
McGuire, Mr. Michael J., Newton 
Mclntire, Miss Alice V., Cambridge 
Mclntire, Mr. Nelson L., East Somerville 
McKaig, Mrs. Robert G., Whitinsville 
McKeen, Mrs. R. K., Watertown 
McKelvey, Mrs. Jennie, Battle Creek, 

Mich. 
McKenzie, Mr. George C, Waban 
McKenzie, Mr. Walter S., Quincy 
McLaughlin, Mr. James F., Worcester 
McLellan, Miss Marcia, Wellesley Hills 
McLeod, Miss Frances, Groton 
McLeod, Mr. Keith, Boston 
McLucas, Mrs. Charles A., Newton 

Centre 
McMahan, Mr. Frank, Woburn 
McMillan, Mrs. Herbert J., Brookline 
McNamara, Miss Ellen A., Stoughton 
McNaught, Mr. Wallace M., Dorchester 

Center 
Meech, Miss Sylvia, Boston 
Meehan, Mrs. John J., Wellesley Hills 
Menhinick, Mrs. Howard K., Lansing, 

Mich. 
Merriam, Mrs. Irving R., Dorchester 
Merrill, Mrs. Amy P., Danvers 
Merrill, Mrs. Charles A., Winchendon 
Merrill, Miss Grace C, Lawrence 
Merrill, Mrs. Sherburn M., Boston 
Merriman, Mrs. F. W., Newton Centre 



Merrithew, Mrs. Lillian S., Stoneham 
Merritt, Mr. Arthur H., Dorchester 
Merritt, Mrs. Arthur H., Dorchester 
Merritt, Miss Helen, East Lynn 
Meserve, Mrs. Arthur H., Maiden 
Michie, Mrs. H. Stuart, Worcester 
Mignault, Mrs. Annie R., Lowell 
Miles, Mrs. G. Stanley, West Somerville 
Miller, Mrs. Bertha Harris, Waltham 
Miller, Mrs. Douglas, Concord 
Milliken, Mrs. Warren, Wellesley Hills 
Miner, Mrs. L. M. S., Newtonville 
Minot, Mr. George Richards, Brookline 
Mitchell, Mrs. F. Robins, Auburndale 
Mitchell, Mrs. Sidney A., Cambridge 
Moffett, Mr. Raymond, Keene, N. H. 
Monroe, Mr. Charles C, Attleboro 
Montgomery, Mr. Stuart, Boston 
Moore, Mr. Daniel M., Taunton 
Moore, Mrs. Robert W., Jr., Waban 
Moran, Mr. John H., Boston 
Moreau, Miss Elsie G., Worcester 
Morgan, Mrs. William M., West Newton 
Moriece, Mr. Paul, Mount Sinai, L. I., 

N. T. 
Morgan, Mrs. Theodore, Worcester 
Morgan, Mrs. Victor F., Auburndale 
Moriarty, Mrs. Joseph L., Quincy 
Morris, Mrs. Lewis F., Rutland 
Morrissey, Miss Mary G., Boston 
Morton, Miss Helen, Hanover 
Mosher, Mrs. Harris P., Marblehead 
Moulton, Mrs. Roy E., East Milton 
, Mowry, Mr. Chester A., Pawtucket, R. I. 
Muldoon, Mrs. Katherine A., Wakefield 
Murphy, Mr. M. A., Canton 
Murray, Rev. R. I., Marblehead 
Muther, Mr. L. F., Newton Centre 
Muther, Mrs. L. F., Newton Centre 
Myrick, Dr. Hannah G., Dorchester 
Nash, Mrs. F. P., Groton 
Neill, Mrs. Arthur Williams, Chestnut 

Hill 
Nelson, Mrs. Andrew, Everett 
Nelson, Mr. Ira S., Wellesley Hills 
Nelson, Mrs. May E., Boston 
Nesmith, Mrs. Walter S., Nashua, N. H. 
Nevins, Miss Katherine L., Allston 
Nichols, Dr. Estes, Portland, Me. 
Nichols, Mrs. M. T., Medford 
Nicholson, Miss Sara H., Framingham 
Nicholson, Mrs. William C, South Boston 
Nicol, Mr. James, Falmouth 
Nicoll, Mrs. Edw. W., Arlington Heights 
Norton, Mr. David W., Wellesley Hills 
Nightingale, Mrs. John T., Boston 
Nissen, Mrs. H. A., Newton Centre 
Nolan, Miss Eleanor W., Somerville 
Northrop, Mrs. G. N., West Roxbury 
Noyes, Miss Penelope B., Cambridge 
Nugent, Miss Gertrude V., East Boston 
Nutting, Mrs. Clarence, Salem Depot, 
N. H. 



*Life Members. 



116 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Nutting, Mr. W. P., Holbrook 
Ober, Miss Ruth E., Lynnfield Center 
O'Brien, Mrs. Maurice, Medford 
Oedel, Mr. William N., Wellesley Hills 
O'Lalor, Mr. John J., Brookline 
O'Neil, Mrs. Eugene, West Roxbury 
O'Neil, Mrs. William, Akron, Ohio 
Osborn, Mrs. Lyman P., Peabody 
Osgood, Mrs. Paul M., Somerville 
Otis, Mr. Charles, Yarmouthport 
Otis, Mrs. H. C, Waban 
Owen, Miss Imogene L., Dorchester 
Packard, Prof. Artemus, Hanover, N. H. 
Packard, Mrs. Frances W., Halifax 
Packer, Mrs. William S., Winchester 
Paine, J. B., Jr., Esq., Weston 
Palmer, Mr. C. E., Cliftondale 
Palmer, Mr. Claude A., Boston 
Palmer, Mr. M. S., Duxbury 
Paramino, Mr. John F., Wellesley Hills 
Parker, Mrs. Benjamin R., Weston 
Parker, Mrs. Charles, Stoneham 
Parker, Mr. John A., Groton 
Parks, Mrs. Laura D., Belmont 
Parks, Mrs. Margaret S., Waltham 
Parmenter, Mrs. H. W., Marlboro 
Patterson, Mr. J. G., Auburndale 
Pearson, Miss Mabel W., Medford 
Peasley, Mr. Edward E., Quincy 
Peinze, Mr. Herman L., Northboro 
Penne, Mrs. Fred, Newtonville 
Percy, Mrs. D. T., Arlington 
Perkins, Mrs. James H., Westwood 
Perkins, Mr. Harold O., Storrs, Conn. 
Perry, Miss Anna L., Webster 
Perry, Mrs. Marion W., Medford 
Pevear, Miss Dorothy Whitney, Cam- 
bridge 
Peters, Mrs. James L., Harvard 
Phemister, Mr. Walter R., Hanover 
Phillips, Mrs. J. S., Everett 
Piazzi, Mr. Fred J., Halifax 
Pierce, Mrs. C. T., Newton 
Pierce, Mrs. George W., Cambridge 
Piester, Mr. Everett A., Hartford, Conn. 
Pillault, Mr. Rene J., Taunton 
Pillsbury, Mr. Hazen G., Boston 
Pine, Miss Ethel I., Fall River 
Pinel, Dr. Philip J., Quincy 
Piper, Mr. Walter E., Ashby 
Pitre, Mrs. Thos. P., Arlington 
Plaisted, Miss Jessie M., West Roxbury 
Plimpton, Mrs. Harold, Chestnut Hill 
Polk, Miss Mary, Dorchester Center 
Pollex, Miss Ernestine, Rockport 
Poole, Miss Eva A., Rockport 
Poole, Mr. Herbert, Milton 
Poole, Mrs. Herbert, Milton 
Poor, Miss Alice B., Dorchester 
Poor, Mrs. Grace T., Riverside, R. I. 
Poor, Miss Lillian B., Dorchester 
Pope, Mrs. James M., Swampscott 
Pope, Miss Rachel S., Brockton 
Porter, Mrs. Irving M., Swampscott 



Potter, Mrs. Lucius D., Greenfield 

Power, Mrs. C. W., Pittsfield 

Powers, Miss Nellie Eva, Ph.D., Boston 

Pratt, Miss Clara L., Watertown 

Pratt, Mrs. Gilbert H., Boston 

Pratt, Mrs. Louis Mortimer, Chestnut 

Hill 
Pratt, Mrs. W. Elliot, Jr., Wellesley Hills 
Preston, Mrs. E. W., Boston 
Price, Mrs. Charles B., Swampscott 
Price, Miss Josephine, Topsfield 
Proctor, Mrs. Redfield, Proctor, Vt. 
Proud, Mrs. Benjamin F., New Bedford 
Purssell, Miss Evie M., Mattapan 
Punderson, Miss Mary L., Milton 
Putnam, Mr. E. D., Antrim, N. H. 
Putnam, Mrs. Ellen M. A., Mattapan 
Putnam, Mr. P. C, South Harwich 
Putney, Miss Anne M., South Weymouth 
Queen, Mr. John W., Boston 
Quinby, Mrs. William C, Brookline 
Quirk, Miss Mary E., Haverhill 
Rafter, Miss Charlotte, Dorchester Center 
Ramsdell, Miss Evelyn, Wakefield 
Ramsdell, Mr. Robert E., Lynnfield 
Ramsey, Mrs. Walter D., Winthrop 
Randall, Mrs. Roger M., Brookline 
Rankin, Mr. William B., Brockton 
Ransom, Mrs. William R., Tufts College 
Rawlings, Miss Edna Ellis, Boston 
Ray, Mrs. Harry E., Hudson 
Reardon, Mr. Joseph W., South Boston 
Recomendes, Mr. Francis X., East 

Boston 
Reddy, Miss Florence I., Dorchester 

Center 
Reilly, Mrs. F. X., Westboro 
Renton, Miss Olive H., East Gloucester 
Reynolds, Mrs. George P., Brookline 
Reynolds, Mrs. Ida M., Dorchester 
Reynolds, Mr. Joseph G., Jr., Belmont 
Reynolds, Mr. Ralph W., Fall River 
Reynolds, Mrs. Wilbur A., Boston 
Rice, Miss Elizabeth S., Arlington 
Rice, Mrs. Gertrude B., Waban 
Rice, Mr. Harold F., Norwood 
Richards, Miss Harriet E., Brookline 
Richardson, Mrs. Charles H., Billerica 
Richardson, Mrs. Clifford T., Somerville 
Richardson, Mrs. Edwin H., Waban 
Richardson, Mrs. Gertrude M., Lynn 
Richardson, Mrs. J. S., Gonic, N. H. 
Richardson, Mrs. Josephine, Stoneham 
Richardson, Miss Louise, Holbrook 
Richardson, Miss Persis A., Winchester 
Richmond, Mrs. H. W., Wollaston 
Rick, Mr. Chas. M., Reading, Pa. 
Ricker, Mrs. Maurice S., Auburndale 
Riley, Mrs. Lester S., Reading 
Roach, Mr. Ormen P., East Lynn 
Roberts, Mrs. Alva H., York Village, Me. 
Roberts, Mr. Henry, Manchester 
Roberts. Mr. L. A., Tewksbury 
Roberts, Mrs. R. S. W., Whitinsville 



NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1934 



117 



Robertson, Mrs. Annie L., Brookline 
Robertson, Mrs. Edna B., Melrose 
Robertson, Mr. William F., Medford Hill- 
side 
Robinson, Mr. Oarl, Antrim, N. H. 
Robinson, Miss Helene M., West Newton 
Rockwell, Mrs. M. H., Brookline 
Rodman, Miss Jane, Groton 
Rogers, Mrs. Allan H., Brookline 
Rogers, Mr. John P., Marshfield Hills 
Rogers, Mrs. John, South Berwick, Me. 
Rogers, Mrs. Mabel S., Braintree 
Roome, Mr. John W., Hyde Park 
Rosicky, Mr. Emil, Lynn 
Rosicky, Mr. Joseph, Beach Bluff 
Ross, Mrs. Waldo O., Boston 
Rowe, Mrs. Percy, Falmouth 
Roy, Mr. W. Ormiston, Montreal, Canada 
Rudd, Mrs. Fred J., Swampscott 
Russell, Mrs. Allen H., Walpole 
Rydant, Mr. Frank D., Melrose 
Ryder, Mrs. William Vernon, Wellesley 

Hills 
Ryerson, Mr. Percy C, Melrose 
St. Maurice, Mr. A. J., Southboro 
Sampson, Mr. Charles, Quincy 
Sampson, Mrs. Evelyn M., Magnolia 
Sampson, Mrs. Mary M., Wellesley Hills 
Sampson, Mr. Walter S., Sharon 
Sandiford, Mrs. J. R., Norwood 
Sanger, Mrs. Charles R., Cambridge 
Sargent, Mrs. Alberta J., Maiden 
Sargent, Mrs. Carrie P., Salem 
Sargent, Mrs. H. L., Tremont, N. H. 
Saunders, Mrs. Florence W., Brookline 
Saunders, Miss L. Maude, Hyde Park 
Saunders, Mr. Maurice M., Boston 
Saunders, Mrs. Merle C, Wellesley Hills 
Sawyer, Mr. Frederic H., Newton Centre 
Sawyer, Mr. J. F., Reading 
Sawyer, Mrs. William H., Worcester 
Scarr, Mrs. Gerald, Dover, N. H. 
Schaefer, Mr. Dolph, Plattekill, N. Y. 
Schaschke, Mr. Harvey, Waban 
Schlenker, Miss Anna A., Halifax 
Schmidt, Miss Martha, Groton 
Schmiedtgen, Miss Else, Nashua, N. H. 
Schuelke, Mr. Louis, Middlebury, Conn. 
Schwenger, Mrs. John G., Springfield 
Scovill, Miss Priscilla, Great Barrington 
Scudder, Miss Vida D., Wellesley 
Seagrave, Miss Lillian TJ., Cambridge 
Sears, Mrs. Langley, Brookline 
Sears, Mr. Nathaniel, Waban, Mass. 
Seaver, Mrs. Edwin P., Jr., New Bedford 
Shaw, Miss Elsie L., Concord 
Shaw Mrs. G. M., Wakefield, Mass. 
Shaw, Mrs. Ethel, Boston 
Shaw, Mr. J. K., Amherst 
Shaw, Mrs. Leroy G., Arlington 
Shaw, Dr. Thomas B., Worcester 
Shea, Mr. Frank, Plymouth 
Shepard, Miss Katharine M., Newbury- 
port 



Sherman, Miss E. Helene, Belmont 
Sherman, Mr. Willis W., Quincy 
Shute, Mrs. Henry M., Exeter, N. H. 
Sides, Mrs. Andrew, Waban 
Simkins, Mr. Leroy A., Augusta, Georgia 
Slaiter, Mr. Walter, Melrose 
Sloan, Mrs. E. S., Boston 
Small, Miss Hazel M. W., Medford 
Smiley, Miss Mary S., Boston 
Smith, Miss Abbie C, Lexington 
Smith, Mrs. Bertha M., Winthrop 
Smith, Mrs. Bessie G., Wakefield 
Smith, Mrs. C. Fred, Swampscott 
Smith, Mr. Chauncy C, Vineyard Haven 
Smith, Mr. Edson B., Waban 
Smith, Mrs. Edward W., Melrose High- 
lands 
Smith, Mr. Franklin H., Hingham 
Smith, Mrs. Harold O., Swampscott 
Smith, Mrs. Henry A., Brookline 
Smith, Mr. John, South Dartmouth 
Smith, Mr. R. O., Roxbury 
Smith, Mr. Reuel W., Auburn, Maine 
Smith, Mrs. Richard M., Boston 
Smith, Mr. Stephen W., Needham 
Smith, Mrs. Wallis Craig, Saginaw, 

Mich. 
Smith, Mr. William E., South Chatham 
Snow, Mr. A. L., Nashua, N. H. 
Snow, Miss Charlotte A., Watertown 
Snow, Mr. Ellsworth, Winchester 
Snow, Dr. Frank Whipple, Newburyport 
Snow, Miss Laetitia M., Wellesley 
, Somes, Miss Dorothy E., North Abington 
Southwick, Mrs. Richard H., Beverly 
Spark, Mr. Francis D., Andover 
Sparks, Mr. Albert H., Lowell 
Spencer, Mrs. Elizabeth B., Wellesley 
Spencer, Miss Jean, Groton 
Sperl, Dr. Amalia, Haverhill 
Spillsbury, Mrs. Ethel M., Woburn 
Spofford, Mr. Wm. E., Brookline 
Spring, Mr. Chester C, Wellesley Hills 
Stacey, Mr. John E., East Saugus 
Stackpole, Mrs. Pierpont L., Boston 
Stafford, Mrs. Edward S., Fall River 
Stanley, Miss Lilla Lowell 
Stanton, Mr. W. F., Keene, N. H. 
Stark, Mr. William, Medfield 
Starkey, Mr. Frank R., Ipswich 
Steadmann, Mr. Kenneth A., Amherst 
Stebbins, Mrs. R. E., Springfield 
Stephenson, Mrs. R. H., South Boston 
Stetson, Mrs. Eliot D., New Bedford 
Stevens, Mr. Allan P., Portland, Maine 
Stevens, Mrs. D. A., Presque Isle, Maine 
Stevens, Mr. G. F., East Milton 
Stevens, Mrs. John O., Rockland, Maine 
Stevens, Miss Louise A., Brookline 
Stevens, Mr. S. E., Holbrook 
Stewart, Mrs. Frederick, Dracut Center 
Stewart, Mrs. R. W., Nantucket 
Stiles, Mrs. Florence B., Melrose 
Stimpson, Mrs. Harry F., Chestnut Hill 



118 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Stone, Mrs. Alice G., Brookline 
Stone, Mr. Frederick W., Newton 
Storke, Mrs. Harold G., Arlington 
Story, Mrs. Dorinda E., Newton Centre 
Stow, Mrs. T. T., Townsend Harbor 
Strong, Mrs. William E., Newtonville 
Stueber, Miss Anna E., Dorchester 
Sturtevant, Mrs. May L., Wellesley 

Farms 
Sullivan, Mrs. Arthur P., Salem 
Sullivan, Miss Loraine A., Watertown 
Sullivan, Mr. Michael Joseph, Newport, 

R. I. 
Swann, Mrs. John Butler, Stockbridge 
Swanson, Mr. Palmer, Danvers 
Swasey, Mrs. Arthur L., Marblehead 
Sweeney, Mrs. John M., Newton 
Sweet, Mrs. Herbert A., Allston 
Sweetser, Miss Grace P., Cambridge 
Swett, Mrs. Lena S., Wellesley 
Swindells, Mrs. Frederick W., Newton 

Centre 
Taber, Miss Gertrude, S. Boston 
Taft, Mr. George H., Westboro 
Taintor, Mrs. Charles W., Topsfleld 
Tamke, Mr. Henry J., Pawtucket, R. I. 
Tavener, Mr. Harry G., Milton 
Taylor, Mrs. Emma L., Waltham 
Taylor, Mrs. Katherine B., Wauwatosa, 

Wise. 
Taylor, Miss Louise P., Medford 
Terry, Mrs. Philip B., Scituate 
Thacher, Miss Mary, Boston 
Thatcher, Mrs. Maud, Athol 
Thomas, Mrs. F. L., Mansfield 
Thomas, Miss Ruth Ellen, Cambridge 
Thomas, Mrs. Sophia L., Worcester 
Thomas, Mrs. W. W., Portland, Maine 
Thompson, Mrs. Whitaker, Jamaica 

Plain 
Thomson, Mrs. Elihu, Swampscott 
Thornton, Miss Mary, Medford 
Tilson, Mr. Willard C, Maiden 
Tilton, Mrs. Rachael L., Chilmark 
Tinkham, Mr. Frank L., Brockton 
Tobey, Mrs. Edith, Eliot, Maine 
Tobin, Miss Agnes V., Jamaica Plain 
Todd, Miss Alice Adele, Somerville 
Todd, Mr. John R., New York City 
Tomlinson, Miss Blanche M. A., West 

Newton 
Tomlinson, Mr. L. C, Gloucester 
Tonkin, Mrs. John Carter, Durham, 

N. H. 
Trainor, Miss M. Louise, Beachmont 
Trementozzi, Mr. Dominic, Hyde Park 
Tripp, Mr. William L., Framingham 
Troland, Mrs. Edwin, Maiden 
Trowbridge, Miss Clara F., Linwood 
True, Mrs. John Preston, Waban 
Tufts, Mrs. Ida H., Winchester 
Tufts, Miss Lena E., N. Quincy 
Tullis, Mrs. A. L., Deerfield 
Turkington, Miss Helen P., Danvers 



Turner, Mrs. Clyde A., Lowell 
Turner, Mrs. Ralph E., Medford 
Tuttle, Mrs. George T., Milton 
Twitchell, Mr. Errol H., Melrose 
Twomey, Mr. Eugene F., Jr., Lynn 
Tylee, Mrs. Clinton W., West Newton 
Tyler, Mrs. E. N., West Roxbury 
Upham, Mrs. George B., Boston 
Urann, Mr. Marcus L., South Hanson 
Urann, Mrs. Marcus L., South Hanson 
Urbaschek, Mr. A., Roslindale « 

Vaillant, Mrs. George W., Boston 
Valonen, Mr. Carl, Troy, N. H. 
Vander Bogert, Mr. J., Salisbury, Md. 
VanderPol, Mr. M., Framingham 
Vannah, Mrs. Ruth S., Melrose High- 
lands 
Vannah, Mr. Thomas R., Melrose High- 
lands 
Veasey, Mrs. A. D., Haverhill 
Venne, Miss Genevieve G., Lawrence 
Viano, Miss Helen N., Arlington 
Vibber, Miss Leona A., Boston 
Viles, Mrs. Alden E., Swampscott 
Vincent, Mrs. Myron H., Chilmark 
Viotor, Mr. Edward W., Orford, N. H. 
vonEuw, Miss Anna, Jamaica Plain 
von Rosenwinge, Mrs. Theodore, Win- 
chester 
Wadsworth, Miss Gertude I., Fayville 
Walden, Mrs. A. E., Baltimore, Md. 
Walker, Mr. Clarence S., Maiden 
Walker, Mrs George, Newton^ Centre 
Walker, Mrs. Helen W., Providence, 

R. I. 
Walker, Miss Jean, Needham 
Walls, Mrs. Frank Nantucket 
Walsh, Miss Bertha F., Dorchester 
Walsh, Miss Marion, Dorchester 
Walther, Mrs. L. D., Medford 
Warburton, Mr. William, Westwood 
Ward, Miss Marian De Courcy, Boston 
Wareham, Mr. Harold E., Thompsonville, 

Mich. 
Warren, Mr. D. W., Jr., Brookline 
Warren, Mrs. Louise, Worcester 
Warren, Mrs. Wallace G., Waltham 
Washburn, Mrs. Leroy, Brockton 
Waterhouse, Mr. George H., Boston 
Waters, Mrs. F. E., Marblehead 
Watts, Mrs. Lawrence, Newton Centre 
Webber, Mrs. R. Margaret, Swampscott 
Weber, Mrs. Emil A., Andover 
Webster, Mrs. Carl, Winter Hill 
Webster, Miss Sarah E., Lawrence 
Weeks, Mrs. Parul T., Wellesley Hills 
Weidner, Mr. H. M., Newtonville 
Weiker, Mrs. Wm. A., Medfield 
Weir, Mrs. Mary K., Pittsburgh, Penna. 
Welles, Mrs. Edward R., Southborough 
Wentworth, Miss Edith, Waltham 
Wentworth, Mrs. Mary D., Greenfield 
Wenzel, Mrs. Alfred C, Fitchburg 
Werner, Mrs. Edward L., Wellesley Hills 



NEW MEMBERS ADDED IN 1934 



119 



Wheaton, Mr. Ervin E., Leominster 
Whedon, Mrs. W. T., Norwood 
Wheeler, Mr. C. H., Marblehead 
Wheeler, Mr. Frank L., Antrim, N. H. 
Wheelwright, Mrs. E. M., Medfield 
White, Mrs. Clinton C, Providence, R. I. 
White, Mrs. Daisy W., East Dedham 
White, Mr. Frank T., Jr., Holbrook 
White, Mr. Napoleon L., East Dedham 
White, Mrs. Walter A., Sharon 
Whitehouse, Mrs. Charles F., Dover, 

N. H. 
Whitman, Miss Helen, Groton 
Whitney, Mrs. Irma C, Newton Centre 
Whittemore, Mrs. Grace T., East Orange, 

N. J. 
Whittemore, Mrs. Nathaniel E., Cam- 
bridge 
Whorf, Mr. Clarence P., Winchester 
Wiemhoeber, Mr. George, Chicago, 111. 
Wiggin, Mrs. Charles S., Melrose 
Wightman, Mrs. William H., Winchester 
Wihry, Mr. Benjamin J., Amherst 
Wilbar, Miss Sara E., Bridgewater 
Wilbor, Mrs. Rufus L., Chestnut Hill 
Wilbur, Mrs. L. A., Attleboro 
Wilder, Mrs. Edward B., Melrose 
Wilder, Mr. Joseph D„ Maiden 
Wilder, Mrs. Louise B., Bronxville, N. Y. 
Wiley, Mr. Arthur L., Jr., Wakefield 
Williams, Mrs. Alice S., Canton 
*Williams, Miss C. Amelia, Taunton 
Williams, Mrs. Frances R., Winchester 
Williams, Miss Gertrude, Taunton 
Williams, Miss Jane P., Wellesley 
Williams, Mrs. Jeremiah, Beach Bluff 



Williams, Mrs. John Burr, Wellesley 

Hills 
Wills, Mr. John B., Winchester 
Wilson, Mrs. A. 0., Osterville 
Wing, Miss Laura S., Sandwich 
Winslow, Miss Evelyn H., Lynn 
Winsor, Miss Sylvia B., Amherst 
Winter, Mrs. Murray, Wrentham 
Winthrop, Mrs. Frederick, Hamilton 
Wisner, Mrs. Raymond R., Newton 

Highlands 
Wolfe, Miss Alma, Boston 
Wonson, Miss Eleanor Knowles, 

Worcester 
Wood, Miss Emily, East Rindge, N. H. 
Wood, Mrs. Henry A. Wise, Annisquam 
Wood, Mrs. Howard, South Berwick, Me. 
Wood, Mr. William J., Providence, R. I. 
Woodbury, Mrs. Grace I., Melrose 
Woodman, Dr. Alice S., Boston 
Woodman, Miss Eleanor, Roslindale 
Woodward, Miss Jane, Worcester 
Work, Mr. Paul, Ithaca, N. Y. 
Wright, Mrs. L. A., West Medford 
Wright, Miss Melba T., Chelsea 
Wruck, Miss Wilhelmina G., Boston 
Wyman, Mrs. Charles M., Brewster 
Wyman, Miss Dorothy Allen, West 

Somerville 
Wyman, Miss Florence, Billerica 
Wyman, Mr. Frank C, Bennington, 

N. H. 
Young, Mrs. I. D., Watertown 
Young, Mr. Thomas, Harvard 
Zemurray, Mrs. S., Boston 
Zerbel, Mrs. Fred A., West Roxbury 



*Life Members. 



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